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With the knowledge of Depleted Uranium weaponry being used in Iraq in 1991 (and in Bosnia and Kosovo later that decade)and the ensuing environmental contamination, chromosome damage/birth defects/cancers, etc., the thought of more "tactical" nuclear weapons being developed is an OUTRAGE! We MUST act NOW! TOPIC: OPPOSE FUNDING FOR NEW NUCLEAR WEAPONS (House) Efforts are continuing to eliminate funding for a study that could lead to the production of a new nuclear weapon, the Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP). Pres. Bush, in his Fiscal Year 03 budget request asked for $15.5 million for such a study. Funding for the study was included in both the Defense Authorization bill and the Energy and Water Appropriations bill. Eliminating the funding in either bill could derail the project. The House passed the Defense Authorization bill in May with the RNEP funding intact. An amendment to eliminate RNEP funding, offered by Rep. Markey (MA), was defeated by a 172-234 vote. The House will take up the Energy and Water Appropriations bill next week (week of July 22). Rep. Markey is expected to again offer an amendment to delete RNEP funding. There is reason to believe that more representatives could be persuaded to oppose RNEP funding at this time. To find out how your representative voted on the earlier Defense Authorization RNEP funding amendment, follow this link: http://clerkweb.house.gov/cgi-bin/vote.exe?year=2002&rollnumber=141. ACTION: Contact your representative by phone, email or fax. Ask her or him to vote for Rep. Markey's amendment to the Energy and Water Appropriations bill to eliminate funding for the new nuclear weapon. USE FCNL'S WEB SITE TO MAKE LETTER-WRITING EASIER: Start with the sample letter posted in our Legislative Action Center, personalize the language, then send your message as an email or a free fax directly from our site. You can also print it out and mail it. To view a sample letter to your representative, click on the link below, then enter your zip code and click <Go> in the <Take Action Now> box. Here is the link: http://capwiz.com/fconl/issues/alert/?alertid=323531&type=CO BACKGROUND: The Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator (RNEP) would be designed to destroy hardened and deeply buried targets such as bunkers containing chemical and biological weapons. Because of its lower yield and earth penetrating capability, the RNEP is considered to be a more "usable" nuclear weapon than large yield, "strategic" nuclear weapons. However, reports by scientists indicate that the RNEP is far from being a "clean" weapon. If detonated in an urban setting, 10,000 to 50,000 people would receive a fatal dose of radiation within the first 24 hours. This does not take into account injuries from the extreme pressures of the blast or the heat of the explosion. Nor does the casualty estimate consider the consequences of fires and the collapse of buildings from the seismic shock that the explosion would produce. (More information about the RNEP is posted on the Federation of American Scientists web site at http://www.fas.org/faspir/2001/v54n1/weapons.htm.) Development of this new nuclear warhead may require the resumption of U.S.nuclear weapons testing, ending the international moratorium which the U.S. has been observing for ten years. The development of a Robust Nuclear Earth Penetrator would have disastrous consequences for the international arms control regime. A nuclear weapon designed for battlefield use would increase the perception that nuclear weapons were as usable as any other part of the U.S. conventional weapons arsenal and that the U.S. was preparing to use them. If the U.S. proceeds with these weapons, other nations with far less conventional weapons capability will seek to deter a U.S. attack by developing their own weapons of mass destruction, most likely chemical or biological weapons. Finally, proceeding with the production of the RNEP would significantly undermine the global non-proliferation regime because the obvious targets for these weapons are non-nuclear weapon states. The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) prohibits the use of nuclear weapons against such states. The U.S. and other nuclear weapon states pledged in 1995, not to use nuclear weapons against non-nuclear weapons states (with certain exceptions), as an inducement for those non-nuclear weapon states to agree to extend, indefinitely, the NPT. Therefore, the development or testing of these weapons would be a de facto repudiation of these assurances. CONTACTING LEGISLATORS Capitol Switchboard: 202-224-3121 Sen. ________ U.S. Senate Washington, DC 20510 Rep. ________ U.S. House of Representatives Washington, DC 20515 Information on your members is available on FCNL's web site: http://capwiz.com/fconl/dbq/officials/directory/directory.dbq?command=congd i r CONTACTING THE ADMINISTRATION White House Comment Desk: 202-456-1111 FAX: 202-456-2461 E-MAIL: email@example.com WEB PAGE: http://www.whitehouse.gov President George W. Bush The White House Washington, DC 20500 ----------------------------------------------------------------- For further information, please contact FCNL. Mail: 245 Second Street, NE, Washington, DC 20002-5795 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: (202) 547-6000 Toll Free: (800) 630-1330 Fax: (202) 547-6019 Web: http://www.fcnl.org We seek a world free of war and the threat of war We seek a society with equity and justice for all We seek a community where every person's potential may be fulfilled We seek an earth restored... _________________________________________________________________ Send and receive Hotmail on your mobile device: http://mobile.msn.com _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email email@example.com All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk