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Re: "Allies deliberately poisoned Iraq public water supply in Gulf Wa r"



This disgraceful saga is mine but they omitted my biline from the online
version in error - all the best, felicity a.

----------
>From: "Hamre, Drew" <drew.hamre@rainier.com>
>To: "'soc-casi-discuss@lists.cam.ac.uk'" <soc-casi-discuss@lists.cam.ac.uk>
>Subject: "Allies deliberately poisoned Iraq public water supply in Gulf Wa r"
>Date: Wed, Sep 20, 2000, 5:13 pm
>

> An investigation by Professor Thomas Nagy, a CASI contributor, was featured
> in Glasgow's "Sunday Herald".  The DIA's "vulnerabilities" report can be
> found here:
> <http://www.gulflink.osd.mil/declassdocs/dia/19950901/950901_511rept_91.html
>>.
>
> ===
> http://www.sundayherald.com/news/newsi.hts?section=News&story_id=11209
>
> 20 September 2000
>
> Allies deliberately poisoned Iraq public water supply in Gulf War
>
> Publication Date: Sep 17 2000
> The US-led allied forces deliberately destroyed Iraq's water supply during
> the Gulf War - flagrantly breaking the Geneva Convention and causing
> thousands of civilian deaths.
>
> Since the war ended in 1991 the allied nations have made sure than any
> attempts to make contaminated water safe have been thwarted.
>
> A respected American professor now intends to convene expert hearings in a
> bid to pursue criminal indictments under international law against those
> responsible.
>
> Professor Thomas J Nagy, Professor of Expert Systems at George Washington
> University with a doctoral fellowship in public health, told the Sunday
> Herald: "Those who saw nothing wrong in producing [this plan], those who
> ordered its production and those who knew about it and have remained silent
> for 10 years would seem to be in violation of Federal Statute and perhaps
> have even conspired to commit genocide."
>
> Professor Nagy obtained a minutely detailed seven-page document prepared by
> the US Defence Intelligence Agency, issued the day after the war started,
> entitled Iraq Water Treatment Vulnerabilities and circulated to all major
> allied Commands.
>
> It states that Iraq had gone to considerable trouble to provide a supply of
> pure water to its population. It had to depend on importing specialised
> equipment and purification chemicals, since water is "heavily mineralised
> and frequently brackish".
>
> The report stated: "Failing to secure supplies will result in a shortage of
> pure drinking water for much of the population. This could lead to increased
> incidents, if not epidemics, of disease and certain pure-water dependent
> industries becoming incapacitated…"
>
> The report concludes: "Full degradation of the water treatment system
> probably will take at least another six months."
>
> During allied bombing campaigns on Iraq the country's eight multi-purpose
> dams had been repeatedly hit, simultaneously wrecking flood control,
> municipal and industrial water storage, irrigation and hydroelectric power.
> Four of seven major pumping stations were destroyed, as were 31 municipal
> water and sewerage facilities - 20 in Baghdad, resulting in sewage pouring
> into the Tigris. Water purification plants were incapacitated throughout
> Iraq.
>
> Article 54 of the Geneva Convention states: "It is prohibited to attack,
> destroy or render useless objects indispensable to the survival of the
> civilian population" and includes foodstuffs, livestock and "drinking water
> supplies and irrigation works".
>
> The results of the allied bombing campaign were obvious when Dr David
> Levenson visited Iraq immediately after the Gulf War, on behalf of
> International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.
>
> He said: "For many weeks people in Baghdad - without television, radio, or
> newspapers to warn them - brought their drinking water from the Tigris, in
> buckets.
>
> "Dehydrated from nausea and diarrhoea, craving liquids, they drank more of
> the water that made them sick in the first place."
>
> Water-borne diseases in Iraq today are both endemic and epidemic. They
> include typhoid, dysentery, hepatitis, cholera and polio (which had
> previously been eradicated), along with a litany of others.
>
> A child with dysentery in 1990 had a one in 600 chance of dying - in 1999 it
> was one in 50.
>
> The then US Navy Secretary John Lehman estimated that 200,000 Iraqis died in
> the Gulf War. Dr Levenson estimates many thousands died from polluted water.
>
>
> Chlorine and essential equipment parts needed to repair and clear the water
> system have been banned from entering the country under the UN "hold"system.
>
> Ohio Democrat Representative Tony Hall has written to American Secretary of
> State Madeleine Albright, saying he shares concerns expressed by Unicef
> about the "profound effects the deterioration of Iraq's water supply and
> sanitation systems on children's health". Diarrhoeal diseases he says are of
> "epidemic proportions" and are "the prime killer of children under five".
>
> "Holds on contracts for water and sanitation are a prime reason for the
> increase in sickness and death." Of 18 contracts, wrote Hall, all but one on
> hold were placed by the government in the US.
>
> Contracts were for purification chemicals, chlorinators, chemical dosing
> pumps, water tankers and other water industry related items.
>
> "If water remains undrinkable, diseases will continue and mortality rates
> will rise," said the Iraqi trade minister Muhammed Mahdi Salah. The
> country's health ministry said that more than 10,000 people died in July of
> embargo-related causes - 7457 were children, with diarrhoeal diseases one of
> the prime conditions.
>
> In July 1989, the figure was 378. Unicef does not dispute the figures.
>
> The problem will not be helped by plans for the giant Ilisu Dam project (to
> which the British government is to give £200 million in export credit
> guarantees), which will give Turkey entire control of the water flow to Iraq
> and Syria.
>
> Constructors Balfour Beatty write in their environmental impact report, that
> for the three years of construction, water flow to Iraq will be reduced by
> 40%. Iraq has also suffered a three year drought, with the Tigris the lowest
> in living memory.
> --
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