The following is an archived copy of a message sent to the CASI Analysis List run by Cambridge Solidarity with Iraq.
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[ This message has been sent to you via the CASI-analysis mailing list ] Please pay attention to the provenance of this "list of oil bribes". MEMRI is hardly an unbiased source of mid-east "news". It has been installed recently in Baghdad by Bremer. I cannot believe it was proposed as a news source by the members of the IGC. I subscribe to MEMRI in order to read their extreme articles, and received by email yesterday the information you have sent here. I note the names of those mentioned, with prominent references to MP Galloway and Jimmy Carter (sort of)- and apparently no other US or British names were 'found.' Curious. pg ----- Original Message ----- From: <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: <email@example.com> Sent: Friday, January 30, 2004 7:01 AM Subject: [casi-analysis] casi-news digest, Vol 1 #22 - 2 msgs > [ This message has been sent to you via the CASI-analysis mailing list ] > > > > This is an automated compilation of submissions to firstname.lastname@example.org > > Articles for inclusion in this daily news mailing should be sent to email@example.com. Please include a full reference to the source of the article. > > Today's Topics: > > 1. Kurds worry about US betrayal.. (k hanly) > 2. List of alleged oil bribes (Daniel O'Huiginn) > > --__--__-- > > Message: 1 > From: "k hanly" <khanly@DELETETHISmb.sympatico.ca> > To: "newsclippings" <firstname.lastname@example.org> > Subject: Kurds worry about US betrayal.. > Date: Thu, 29 Jan 2004 11:14:15 -0600 > > http://www.newsday.com/news/nationworld/world/sns-ap-iraq-kurds,0,7233660,pr int.story?coll=ny-worldnews-headlines > > Kurds' Dream Clashes With U.S. Plans > > > > > By SCHEHEREZADE FARAMARZI > Associated Press Writer > > January 28, 2004, 9:36 AM EST > > IRBIL, Iraq -- There is growing concern among Iraq's Kurds that the United > States will once again abandon them midway in their age-old aspiration to > set up a federal Kurdish state. > > Kurdish leaders and many others in the Kurdish areas of northern Iraq are > convinced that Washington promised, just before invading Iraq 10 months ago, > that the Kurds would be granted autonomy under a federal system after the > fall of Saddam Hussein. U.S. officials say no such guarantees were made. > > The Kurds, who established a semiautonomous area in Irbil, Sulaimaniyah and > Dohuk provinces in northern Iraq under U.S. and British protection following > the 1991 Gulf War, were among the strongest Iraqi supporters of the war that > toppled Saddam Hussein. > > "In the last 12 years, we've had a free and democratic atmosphere. It's > impossible for the Kurds to accept one scintilla less than what they have > enjoyed," Neschirwan Barzani, the prime minister of the Irbil, told The > Associated Press on Tuesday. > > Irbil is controlled by the Kurdish Democratic Party, one of the two major > Kurdish factions. The other faction, the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, > controls Sulaimaniyah. Those provinces and Dohuk are home to most of Iraq's > Kurds, who represent about 20 percent of Iraq's 25 million people. > > The Kurdish goal is to formalize their existing autonomy under a federal > system and even expand it to the oil-rich area around Kirkuk, historically a > mixed Kurdish, Arab and Turkoman city. Saddam expelled Kurds from Kirkuk and > resettled the area with Arabs. > > Barzani, nephew of KPD leader Massoud Barzani, said no political party has > the right to accept anything less than federalism "because the Kurdish > public and the Kurdish people will not accept it." > > The Kurdish Parliament in Irbil has sent a proposal for a federal solution > to the U.S.-installed Iraqi Governing Council in Baghdad and to L. Paul > Bremer, the U.S. civil administrator of the nation. > > Bremer has indicated that he prefers a federal system, but one based on > geographical boundaries rather than ethnic composition. > > Barzani said that during meetings between U.S. officials and anti-Saddam > opposition groups and Kurdish leaders before the war, "it was confirmed that > the Kurds will get a lions share in the new Iraq. > > "And things gradually changed. After the war, they forgot everything. ... > They came out with a new idea about how to run the situation. This in itself > has become a problem," he said. > > Barzani said "historically, geographically" there has been an area called > Kurdistan made up of areas with majority Kurdish population. > > "What we say is this: The borders of the federal union should be made up of > areas that are called Kurdistan," he said, reiterating a demand by Kurdish > leaders. > > The Kurdish aspirations have alarmed neighboring Turkey, Syria and Iran, > which fear that granting Iraqi Kurds an ethnic enclave could incite > separatist sentiments among Kurdish minorities within their own borders. > > Barzani also demanded that Arabs, who were settled in Kirkuk and other > Kurdish areas, should be asked to leave. Then Kurds can vote in a referendum > on whether they want to be part of a Kurdistan federation, he said. > > In recent days, Kurds have been collecting petitions from citizens calling > for a referendum on a federal solution. > > "The petition is to put pressure on the coalition authority, the Governing > Council and human rights groups to take notice of the wishes of the Kurdish > people that they want to determine their own fate," said Haval Abu Bakr, a > professor at Sulaymaniyah University. > > Ferhad Pirbal, a writer and professor at Salaheddin University in Irbil, > said, "We know the Turks, the Arabs and the Americans very well. They might > do the same again and betray us, like they did in the past. Americans > understand the feelings and emotions of Iraqi nationalism and can use that > against us." > > His wife, Tarza Jaff, a teacher and a novelist, agreed. > > "We are all afraid that America will betray us again," she said. > > Kurds felt let down in 1991 after the U.S. government urged them to rise > against Saddam but did nothing to help them when they were brutally crushed > by the Iraqi army. > > The Americans, however, say they planned to keep Iraq intact. > > "When we came we said it's going to be one nation" and "we will keep the > status quo for now until we can establish a government with a constitution," > said Lt. Col. James Bullion with the 404th Cvivil Affairs Battalion in > Irbil. > > He said the issue of Kirkuk was yet to be resolved and the Coalition > Provisional Authority will set up a property claims commission in Irbil, > Kirkuk and Sulaymaniyah in the coming weeks for people evicted from their > towns. > > Bullion had advice for the Kurds who were among the people who suffered most > under Saddam: "This is the best opportunity for them to achieve their goals. > But they have to be realistic. If they push too hard, they may lose that > opportunity > > > > > --__--__-- > > Message: 2 > Date: Fri, 30 Jan 2004 10:23:10 +0000 (GMT) > From: Daniel O'Huiginn <do227@DELETETHIShermes.cam.ac.uk> > To: email@example.com > Subject: List of alleged oil bribes > > > Dear list, > > Muhamad Ali submitted to the news list Al-Mada's increasingly famous list > of OFF kickbacks, in arabic with a request for translation. Since MEMRI > has already produced an english version > (http://memri.org/bin/latestnews.cgi?ID=IA16004#_edn1), I've sent this > instead. The arabic original can be found from > http://memri.org/bin/latestnews.cgi?ID=IA16004#_edn1 > > Best, > Dan O'Huiginn > [news moderator] > > Muhamad's introduction: > *********************** > > Below is the source of a news report in Arabic published by Al-Mada = > newspaper on Baghdad on 25th January 2004. elaph.com quotes it as = > =93Al-Mada scoops documents on the biggest Iraqi scam to buy others=92 = > favours-Leaders, politicians, journalists and parties received millions = > of barrels of oil from Saddam=94. They are listed under their respective = > countries. Under Britain are listed; George Galloway/Fawwaz Zureiqat, 19 = > millions of barrels of oil and Mujahideen Khalq (Iranian opposition) = > 36.5 millions of barrels of oil. I suggest that our colleagues in = > Baghdad verify the authenticity of the documents or otherwise. Together = > we try to provide an English version. > > Regards, Muhamad=20 > http://www.elaph.com.:9090/elaph/arabic/index.html > > > Al-Mada's Article [MEMRI translation] > ***************** > > The following are excerpts from the article: > > "Under this professional and electrifying title, there are names that have > nothing to do with oil companies, or the distribution, storage, and > marketing of oil. They are not known for having any interest in oil or any > links to oil companies, such as the Russian Orthodox Church and the > Russian Communist Party. > > "As far as the individuals, the situation is even more puzzling. We can > understand that the journalist Hameeda Na'Na',who defended the former > regime, was trying to perpetuate her independent journalistic endeavor > through an oil deal, but it is strange to find the names of Khaled,son of > the late Gamal Abd Al-Nasser,in those lists, or Toujan Al-Faisal, former > member of the Jordanian parliament, or the present Indonesian president, > or the son of the Syrian defense minister, or the son of the Lebanese > president." > > Saddam's Exploitation of U.N. Sanctions > > "Since the deposed regime endorsed the 'Memorandum of Understanding,' also > known as 'oil for food [program],' it turned it into a despicable > political and commercial game, and used it to finance its clandestine > acquisitions of arms, expensive construction materials for the > presidential palaces and mosques, and frivolous luxury items. It turned > the oil sales agreements into the greatest bribery operation in history, > buying souls and pens, and squandering the nation's resources. > > "Since then, rumors were abound about vouchers that Saddam gave to certain > Arab and foreign dignitaries, providing them with crude oil in exchange > for their support to the regime in a period of international isolation, > and as a way to finance the campaign to lift the economic sanctions > against it and to whitewash its image. > > "However, the regime itself tarnished the moral and humane ethics of the > international campaign to lift the unjust sanctions, because by the end of > the day the sanctions did not harm it [the regime], but harmed our poor > people and the middle class. We saw that whenever the international > campaign to lift the sanctions got closer to its goals, the regime . by > its behavior and insolence . shoved it again into a dark tunnel, and at > the same time turned our country into a free-for-all richly loaded dining > table, awaiting a stream of hearty eaters and obedient servants. > > "One of the traits of our country's fascist regime is that it lacked > decency and was always in need to use others in order to feel superior. > Therefore, it corrupted even those who had good intentions and noble goals > when defending the Iraqi people and trying to lift the siege imposed on > it. The regime was versed only in the politics of the 'open wallet,' and > therefore surrounded itself with people that it could co-opt and people > who would panhandle for it, so that it could feel moral superiority over > them. > > "And if one happened to know some of the official Ba'athists, who did not > hesitate - because of their rural values - to boast and to [assume] moral > superiority, one would have heard a lot from them about the > ever-increasing number of visitors to Iraq in recent years, and would have > understood from them that those visitors who came to defend us also came > to cash in the price for that. We can confirm this information because the > Ba'athists themselves, in a moment of 'rural pompousness,' propagated the > rumors about the Arab and foreign visitors. They mentioned some of the > names listed here, among them George Galloway, member of the [British] > Labor party. > > "The case of Mr. Galloway is truly distressing. This man, who defended > just Arab causes, became a loser as he got closer to the Iraqi regime. > Galloway, who was banished from the party for this reason and who defended > himself vehemently, and even attacked Tony Blair's and Bush's policies, > will not be able - in my opinion - to refute Iraqi documents that > incriminate him conclusively. > > "In addition to the lists mentioned above, Al-Mada also obtained six > requests from the executive director and the associate executive director > of the Oil Marketing Company to the Oil Minister 'to approve the crude oil > agreements.' All of them mentioned the name of Mr. Galloway, not as a > party in the agreement, but as a recipient, since Mr. Galloway hides > behind a company that does not carry his name nor his nationality. > > "The manner by which these agreements were struck sheds light on the > process of awarding the vouchers and the goodwill of the President of the > Republic [Saddam]. That is why we wish to decipher it, especially since > the lists include some individual names such as 'Samir,' and no one knows > whether it belongs to an individual or to a company." > > The List > > The following is a partial list and description of individuals and > organizations that MEMRI has been able to identify:  > > Canada: Arthur Millholland, president and CEO of the Calgary-based Oilexco > company, received 1 million barrels of oil. > > United States: Samir Vincent received 10.5 million barrels. In 2000, > Vincent, an Iraqi-born American citizen who has lived in the U.S. since > 1958, organized a delegation of Iraqi religious leaders to visit the U.S. > and meet with former president Jimmy Carter. Shaker Al-Khafaji,the > pro-Saddam chairman of the 17th conference of Iraqi expatriates, received > 1 million barrels. > > Great Britain: George Galloway received 1 million barrels. Fawwaz Zreiqat > received 1 million barrels. Zreiqat also appears in the Jordanian section > as having received 6 million barrels. The Mujahideen Khalq  in Britain > received 1 million barrels. > > France: The French-Arab Friendship Association received 15.1 million > barrels. Former French Interior Minister Charles Pasqua received 12 > million barrels.  Patrick Maugein of the Trafigura company received 25 > million barrels. Michel Grimard, founder of the French-Iraqi Export Club, > received 17.1 million barrels. > > Switzerland: Glenco Re, the largest commodity trader in Switzerland, > received 12 million barrels. Taurus, which has been associated with Iraq > for 20 years and was the first company to renew its business with Iraq > after the fall of Saddam, received 1 million barrels. Petrogas, which is > listed under three sub-companies . Petrogas Services, Petrogas > Distribution, and Petrogas Resources - and is associated withthe Russian > company Rosneftegazetroy, received 1 million barrels. Alcon, listed in > Lichtenstein and associated with larger oil companies, received 1 million > barrels. Finar Holdings, which is listed in Lugano, Switzerland, and is > under liquidation, received 1 million barrels. > > Italy: The Italian Petrol Union received 1 million barrels.West Petrol, an > Italian company that trades crude oil and oil products, received 1 million > barrels. Roberto Formigoni, possibly the president of Lombardia, received > 1 million barrels. Salvatore Nicotra, a former NATO pilot who became an > oil merchant, received 1 million barrels. > > Spain: Basem Qaqish, a member of the Spanish Committee for the Defense of > the Arab Cause, received 1 million barrels. Ali Ballout, a pro-Saddam > Lebanese journalist, received 1 million barrels. Javier Robert received 1 > million barrels. > > Yugoslavia: Four Yugoslav political parties received vouchers: the > Yugoslav Left party received 9.5 million barrels. The Socialist Party > received 1 million barrels. The Italian Party received 1 million barrels. > A nother party, whose name in exact transliteration is "kokstuntsha" . > possibly Kostunica's party . received 1 million barrels. > > Other political parties: The Romanian Labor Party received 5.5 million > barrels. The Party of the Hungarian Interest received 4.7 million barrels. > The Bulgarian Socialist Party received 1 2 million barrels. The Slovakian > Communist Party received 1 million barrels. > > Austria: The Arab-Austrian Society received 1 million barrels. > > Brazil: The 8th of October Movement, a Brazilian Communist group, received > 4.5 million barrels. Fuwad Sirhan received 10 million barrels. > > Egypt: Khaled Gamal Abd Al-Nasser, son of the late Egyptian president, > received 16.6 million barrels. 'Imad Al-Galda, a businessman and a member > of the Egyptian parliament from President Mubarak's National Democratic > Party, received 14 million barrels. Abd Al-Azim Mannaf,  editor of the > Sout Al-Arab newspaper, received 6 million barrels. Muhammad Hilmi, editor > of the Egyptian paper Sahwat Misr,  received an undisclosed number of > barrels. The United Arab Company received 6 million barrels. The Nile and > Euphrates Company received 3 million barrels. The Al-Multaqa Foundation > for Press and Publication received 1 million barrels.  > > Libya: Prime Minister Shukri Ghanem received 1 million barrels. > > Sub-Saharan Africa: Chad's foreign minister received 1 million barrels. >  Four South Africans are listed: Tokyo Saxville received 4 million > barrels. Montega received 4 million barrels. Both are associated with the > African National Party. > > Palestinians: The Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) received 4 > million barrels. The PLO Political Bureau received 5 million barrels. Abu > Al-Abbas received 11.5 million barrels. Abdallah Al-Horani received 8 > million barrels. The PFLP received 5 million barrels. Wafa Tawfiq > Al-Sayegh received 4 million barrels. > > Oman: The Al-Shanfari group received 5 million barrels. > > Syria: Farras Mustafa Tlass, the son of Syrian Defense Minister Mustafa > Tlass, received 6 million barrels. 'Audh Amourah received18 million > barrels. Ghassan Zakariya received 6 million barrels. Anwar Al-Aqqad > received 2 million barrels. Hamida Na'Na', the owner of the Al-Wafaq > Al-Arabi periodical, received 1 million barrels. > > Lebanon: The son of Lebanese President Emil Lahoud received 4.5 million > barrels. Former MP Najjah Wakim received 3 million barrels. Nasserist > Party head Osama M'arouf received 3 million barrels. National Arabic Club > Chairman Faisal Darnika received 3 million barrels. > > Jordan: Former Islamist MP and head of the Engineers Union Leith Shbeilat >  received 15.5 million barrels. Former MP and Jordanian Writers Union > head Fakhri Qi'war received 6 million barrels.  Former Jordanian chief > of staff Mashhour Haditha received 1 million barrels. Former MP Toujan > Al-Faisal received 3 million barrels.  The Jordanian Ministry of > Energy received 5 million barrels. Muhammad Saleh Al-Horani, the Amman > Stock Exchange head and former Minister of Supplies, received 4 million > barrels. Lawyer Wamidth Hussein Al-Majali received 6 million barrels.  > > Qatar: Qatari Horseracing Association Chairman Hamad bin Ali Aal Thani > received 14 million barrels. Gulf Petroleum received 2 million barrels. > > The Indian Congress Party received 1 million barrels. > > Indonesia: Indonesian President Megawati received 1 million barrels as > "the daughter of President Sukarno," and 1 million barrels as Megawati. > > Myanmar: Myanmar's Forestry Minister received 1 million barrels. > > Ukraine: The Social Democratic Party received 1 million barrels. The > Communist Party received 6 million barrels. The Socialist Party received 1 > million barrels. The FTD oil company received 1 million barrels, as did > other Ukrainian companies. > > Belarus: The Liberal Party received 1 million barrels. The Communist Party > received 1 ton [sic] of oil. The director of the Belarussian president's > office received 1 million barrels. > > Russia: The Russian state itself received 1,366,000,000 barrels. The list > also included the following: > > Companies belonging to the Liberal Democratic Party received 79.8 million > barrels - t he list notes the name of party president Vladimir > Zhirinovsky. The Russian Communist Party received 1 million barrels. The > Lukoil company received 63 million barrels. The Russneft company received > 35.5 million barrels. Vladimir Putin's Peace and Unity Party received 34 > million barrels - the list notes the name of party chairwoman Saji > Umalatova. The Gazprom company received 26 million barrels. The > Soyuzneftgaz company received 25.5 million barrels - t he list notes the > name Shafrannik. The Moscow Oil Company received 25.1 million barrels. The > Onako company received 22.2 million barrels. The Sidanco company received > 21.2 million barrels. The Russian Association for Solidarity with Iraq > received 12.5 million barrels. The Ural Invest company received 8.5 > million barrels. Russneft Gazexport received 12.5 million barrels. The > Transneft company received 9 million barrels. The Sibneft company received > 8.1 million barrels. The Stroyneftgaz company received 6 million barrels. > The Russian Committee for Solidarity with the People of Iraq received 6.5 > million barrels - the list notes the name of committee chairman Rudasev. > The Russian Orthodox Church received 5 million barrels. The Moscow Science > Academy received 3.5 million barrels. The Chechnya Administration received > 2 million barrels. T he National Democratic Party received 2 million > barrels. The Nordwest group received 2 million barrels. The Yukos company > received 2 million barrels. One Russian company which phonetically reads > as Zarabsneft received 174.5 million barrels. Vouchers were also granted > to the Russian foreign ministry, one under the name of Al-Fayko for 1 > million barrels, and one to Yetumin for 30.1 million barrels. T he > Mashinoimport Company received 1 million barrels. The Slavneft Company > received 1 million barrels. The Caspian Invest Company (Kalika) received 1 > million barrels. The Tatneft Tatarstan company received 1 million barrels. > The Surgutneft company received 1 million barrels. Siberia's oil and gas > company received 1 million barrels. > > In addition, the son of the former Russian Ambassador to Iraq received > 19.7 million barrels. Nikolay Ryjkov, a former prime minister of the USSR, > received 13 million barrels. The Russian President's office director > received 5 million barrels. > > Oil vouchers were also distributed to companies and individuals from the > Sudan, Yemen, Cyprus, Turkey, Vietnam, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Pakistan, the > UAE, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Panama, Thailand, Chad, China, Nigeria, > Kenya, Ireland, Bahrain, and the Philippines. Two Saudi companies were > also listed. > > > > > -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ------ > >  Al-Mada (Baghdad), January 25, 2004. Al-Mada is an independent daily, > published in Baghdad. Fakhri Karim is the Editor-in-Chief. > >  More details about sources of organizations and individuals listed > will appear in a forthcoming report. > >  The Mujahideen Khalq is an organization which opposes the Iranian > regime. The U.S. government has classified it as a terrorist group. > >  Mr. Pasqua denied receiving anything from Saddam. Radio France > Internationale (RFI), January 27, 2004. > >  Mr. Manaf states that he has documents which show that he was made an > offer but that he declined. Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (London), January 26, 2004. > >  Muhammad Hilmi also has a son named "Saddam." > >  An anonymous official of the Al-Multaqa Foundation stated that the > foundation's relations with Iraq were limited to the distribution of its > newspaper in Iraq. Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (London), January 26, 2004. > >  Chad was mentioned at one time as a possible source of uranium for > Iraq. > >  Shbeilat issued a statement denouncing the publication of the names as > an attempt to harm the reputations of nationalists who opposed the > invasion of Iraq. Al-Quds Al-Arabi (London), January 28, 2004. > >  Qi'war said: "This has no base in truth. They are merely accusations > whose reasons I do not know." Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (London), January 26, > 2004. > >  Ms. Faisal maintains that the vouchers were meant for her political > friend, Abd Al-Rahman Al-Qatarna, on whose behalf she intervened with the > Iraqi authorities. Al-Quds Al-Arabi (London), January 28, 2004. > >  Mr. Majali said the publication about him is false. He said he was a > member of a popular committee for the support of Iraq, which provided > medicines to Iraq paid for by the members of the committee "from their own > pockets." Al-Sharq Al-Awsat (London), January 26, 2004. > > > > > > > End of casi-news Digest > > _______________________________________ > Sent via the CASI-analysis mailing list > To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-analysis > All postings are archived on CASI's website at http://www.casi.org.uk _______________________________________ Sent via the CASI-analysis mailing list To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-analysis All postings are archived on CASI's website at http://www.casi.org.uk