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The CASI Iraq Reader
Essential documents on Iraq
2. The Beginning
Security Council Resolution 660 - Condemns the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and demands Iraq's immediate and unconditional withdrawal
Security Council Resolution 661 - Imposes comprehensive sanctions on Iraq and establishes a sanctions committee (the "661 committee") in paragraph 6 to monitor them
Security Council Resolution 678 - "Authorizes Member States ... to use all necessary means" to bring Iraq into compliance with previous Security Council resolutions if it did not do so by 15 January 1991
3 Initial Humanitarian Report
Humanitarian report commissioned by the Security Council, by Mr. Martti Ahtisaari, under-Secretary-General
4 American Motives
5 The Iraqi Kurds & Anfal
Human Rights Watch report on the treatment of the Iraqi kurds, including the Anfal Campaign
6 Oil for Food in 1991?
CASI 'Guide to Sanctions' article on an 'oil for food'-like proposal in 1991
Security Council Resolution 706 - Decides to allow emergency oil sale by Iraq to fund compensation claims, weapons inspection and humanitarian needs in Iraq.
Security Council Resolution 712 - Rejects the Secretary-General's suggestion that at least $2 billion in oil revenue be made available for humanitarian needs; instead allows total sale of $1.6 billion. Eventually rejected by Government of Iraq.
7 Compensation Commission
CASI 'Guide to Sanctions' article on the UN Compensation Commission
8 UN Demands and Monitoring
Security Council Resolution 688 - "Condemns the repression of the Iraqi civilian population" in the post-war civil war and "[d]emands that Iraq ... immediately end this repression".
'After the Ceasefire: Iraq, the Security Council and the Use of Force', Christine Gray, in British Yearbook of International Law 65 (1994), pp.135-74 (not online at present time).
Security Council Resolution 715 - Approves the plans of Unscom and the IAEA, including for long term monitoring. Iraq agreed to the monitoring system established by this resolution on 26 November 1993.
Excerpt from Tim Trevan's Saddam's Secrets reacting to Security Council Resolution 715:
9 Oil For Food
Security Council Resolution 986 - New "oil for food" resolution, allowing $1 billion in oil sales every 90 days (we hope to have an annotated version of this resolution online soon)
'Hunger and Poverty in Iraq, 1991', Dreze & Gazdar. World Development, 20(7) (1992), 921-945 (not online at present time)
10 Amorim Arms Report
11 Amorim Humanitarian Report
12 UNICEF '99
A report by Mr Shah & Mr Ali researching into the reliability of the Unicef report (subscription required to view article)
13 Security Council Resolution 1284
Security Council Resolution 1284 - Replaces Unscom with Unmovic, demands Iraqi co-operation on prisoners of war, alters the "oil for food" programme, and discusses the possible suspension of sanctions in ambiguous terms. (we hope to have an annotated version of this resolution online soon)
14 Garfield Report
15 Statistical Pitfalls and Responsibility
A report into the dangers when studying statistics concerning Iraq by Amatzia Baram
16 Mavrommatis Report
Human Rights report presented to the Security council, written by Andreas Mavrommatis, special rapporteur on Iraq
18 Special Topic Report
An overview of the humanitarian and social situation in Iraq in 1999 presented to the Security Council
19 No-Fly Zones
'Containing Iraq: A Forgotten War' by Thomas E. Ricks
'No-Fly Zones: Rhetoric and Real Intentions' by Sarah Graham-Brown
20 Internal Opposition
Assessing the Iraqi Opposition by Faleh A. Jabar
An annotated index of Iraq's major opposition groups compiled by Glen Rangwala
21 ICRC Report
'Iraq: A decade of sanctions' written by the International Committee of the Red Cross
22 Iraqi Kurdistan
'Interventions and Rivalries in Iraqi Kurdistan' by Isam al-Khafaji
23 Chowdhury Report
A report from the UN Working Group On Sanctions, chaired by Anwarul Karim Chowdhury
24 A Way Out?
'The Iraqi Maze: Searching for a Way Out' by David Albright & Kevin O'Neill
25 Smart Sanctions
Security Council Resolution 1409 - Extends the oil-for-food programme by six months, and introduces a new import procedure. Only items on the annexed Goods Review List (GRL) are to be reviewed by the Sanctions Committee
'Iraq Sanctions Saga Continues Amid Policy Confusion' by Colin Rowat
26 Blair's Dossier
2002 dossier on Iraq's weapons of mass destruction capability, commissioned by Tony Blair.
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