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RE: [casi] Re: Pardon me, Colin, was chlorine not banned?

Dear list members,

After yesterday's postings on chlorine imports to Iraq prior to OFF, I
received a posting from someone with UN experience in Iraq during that
period.  With that person's permission, I forward anonymously some of
what was relayed to me.  I am happy to forward questions from list
members to this person.

The source starts with a word of caution, stressing that any complete
discussion of chlorine risks having sections of it taken out of context
to "suit any opinionated approach".  Continuing, the source explains
"that in the early days of economic sanctions it was very difficult to
get Sanctions Committee approval for even a UN agency to import even
small amounts of chlorine."

In addition to the approval problems, there "were the added difficulties
of having sufficient funds to cover national needs (never), sufficient
transportation and verified delivery to water treatment plants and
rehabilitation of all water deliver systems (never). I do not think this
was ever achieved ----- sanctions blocked so much more that was needed."

The source mentions "tens of cases" when international agencies such as
UNICEF, the ICRC and OXFAM "struggled to get sufficient chlorine into
the country for the projects they covered. Neither separately nor
together could they meet the needs."  The source concludes that "I
believe that adequate supplies of treated water were never available to
the extent needed during the period 1991-2003."


Colin Rowat

work | Room 406, Department of Economics | The University of Birmingham
| Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK | | ( 44/0) 121 414
3754 | (+44/0) 121 414 7377 (fax) |

personal | (+44/0) 7768 056 984 (mobile) | (+44/0) 7092 378 517 (fax) |
(707) 221 3672 (US fax) |

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