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Re- importance of chlorine- which I did not know.pg 14 August - The Afghan Government, with support from three United Nations agencies, is set to chlorinate a total of 17,500 shallow wells in the country's capital Kabul in an effort to reduce the incidence of diarrhoeal disease and the risk of other water related illnesses. The UN Children's Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Food Programme (WFP), as well as non-governmental partners, are giving assistance to the chlorination campaign, which gets underway this week, UNICEF Communication Officer Edward Carwardine said in Kabul today. The chlorination - a two- to three-minute process involving the mixing of chlorine powder and sand which is then deposited in wells to disinfect the water - will have a significant affect on tackling the estimated 7,800 cases of diarrhoea reported in Kabul every week. Mr. Carwardine said the illness is estimated to be responsible for more that 50 per cent of deaths amongst children under the age of five years in Afghanistan. ...... MORE un.org http://tinyurl.com/k1aj ----- Original Message ----- From: "Colin Rowat" <email@example.com> To: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Sent: Thursday, August 14, 2003 9:18 AM Subject: RE: [casi] Re: Pardon me, Colin, was chlorine not banned? > Dear list members, > > After yesterday's postings on chlorine imports to Iraq prior to OFF, I > received a posting from someone with UN experience in Iraq during that > period. With that person's permission, I forward anonymously some of > what was relayed to me. I am happy to forward questions from list > members to this person. > > The source starts with a word of caution, stressing that any complete > discussion of chlorine risks having sections of it taken out of context > to "suit any opinionated approach". Continuing, the source explains > "that in the early days of economic sanctions it was very difficult to > get Sanctions Committee approval for even a UN agency to import even > small amounts of chlorine." > > In addition to the approval problems, there "were the added difficulties > of having sufficient funds to cover national needs (never), sufficient > transportation and verified delivery to water treatment plants and > rehabilitation of all water deliver systems (never). I do not think this > was ever achieved ----- sanctions blocked so much more that was needed." > > The source mentions "tens of cases" when international agencies such as > UNICEF, the ICRC and OXFAM "struggled to get sufficient chlorine into > the country for the projects they covered. Neither separately nor > together could they meet the needs." The source concludes that "I > believe that adequate supplies of treated water were never available to > the extent needed during the period 1991-2003." > > Best, > > Colin Rowat > > work | Room 406, Department of Economics | The University of Birmingham > | Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK | web.bham.ac.uk/c.rowat | ( 44/0) 121 414 > 3754 | (+44/0) 121 414 7377 (fax) | email@example.com > > personal | (+44/0) 7768 056 984 (mobile) | (+44/0) 7092 378 517 (fax) | > (707) 221 3672 (US fax) | firstname.lastname@example.org > > _______________________________________________ > Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. > To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss > To contact the list manager, email email@example.com > All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk