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Dear Dirk and all Ahmed M. Jiyad provided me (in a posing on casi months ago ) with a refrence of an artical ( april or may 1990) in the international Herold tribune (international addition) to the effect that it was the Iranians and not the Iraqi's who gased the kurids. probably you can get it from casi posting archieve Below are some more ref. you mention: ******************* Re: question re halabja and the UN Security Council, Ahmed M. Jiyad 1) Newsweek and David Ignatius "In April, 1990, Congress voted to impose economic sanctions on Iraq, largely because of Saddam's supposed chemical attack on the Kurds in Halabja the previous month, despite a U.S. Army War College report that Iran was more likely responsible for this attack and that sanctions against Iraq would be a provocative and dangerous mistake." http://www.geocities.com/mdmorrissey/saddam1.htm 2) Joe Vialls "The most memorable (and successful) of the ploys used was to turn President Hussein into the man who `gassed his own Kurds' at Halabja. The same devastating images of dead women and children lying in the streets were shown thousands of times on all western television channels, placing President Hussein well beyond western `rehabilitation' under any circumstances. Unfortunately the entire exercise was a complete lie. The CIA knew very well that a February 1990 US Army War College report concluded Iraq was not responsible for the Halabja attack, stating it was the Iranian bombardment that had actually killed the Kurds.' The War College findings were hardly surprising: the Kurdish people of Halabja were killed by a war gas known as "Phosgene" used by the Iranians but not the Iraqis. Though Iraq did use war gas on the battlefield it was "Mustard", an entirely different chemical which causes death in a visibly different way, enabling US Army chemical warfare experts to easily identify the attack as Iranian in origin." http://crude.homestead.com/ reference to Halabja, Gas Attack. Iraqi Power & US Security in the Middle East, US Army War College, February 1990. New York Times, Wines, M, 28 April 1991, p.13. 3) Serge Thion The World as a Magical Gas Chamber It is consequently not a waste of time to recall a study which was declassified and made public during the summer of 1990, entitled "Iraqi power and US Security in the Middle East", and written before the invasion of Kuwait, in which three analysts of the US Army War College examined very closely the behaviour of the Iraqi army during the hostilities with Iran. They wrote: "The statements according to which they [the Iraqis] won simply by using large quantities of chemical weapons are baseless." As concerns the use of gas against the Kurds during the same period, the authors concluded: "Having taken into consideration all the facts which are at our disposal, we judge it impossible to confirm the declaration by the State Department that gas was used in this case." And they added: "To begin with, no victim has ever been brought forth." All this can be found in the International Herald Tribune, 19 December 1990. http://codoh.com/newsdesk/990111.html Best regard Ghazwan Al-Mukhtar Baghdad, Iraq ************************************************************** ----- Original Message ----- From: "Dirk Adriaensens" <email@example.com> To: <firstname.lastname@example.org>; "Greater Manchester Coalition Against Sanctions and War" <email@example.com> Sent: Sunday, January 06, 2002 2:08 AM Subject: Re: Halabja Film in Liverpool! Hello all, let's talk about Halabja again. In his excellent book (in French): "Attention Médias!" by Belgian journalist Michel Collon (subtitle: anti-manipulation manual, ed.1992, editions EPO), there is a large piece about this matter, and I can't find similar pieces in the CASI-list, so I'll translate the essence here: "according to a report, elaborated by an american commission, the Army War College Team and the Department of US Defence, affirmatively state that Halabja has been "gazzed" by the Iranian Army. And also the Red Cross (I 've read this in 1990 in the newspaper) was quite sure at that time it was the Iranian Army that used the cyanide. The Pentagon even stated that " we know the types of gaz that are used by Iran and Iraq. Iraq doesn't use cyanide", or something like that. The report has been resumed in the Washington Post of 04 mai 1990. Suddenly, all this explanations changed after the "invasion" of Kuwait. And then it was Saddam, Saddam and Saddam who used gas. Are we all still dazed and confused and media-manipulated? Or are we willing to see (at last) that we must try to discover the truth after we've pushed out the media-manipulation out of our brains? That's not too much to ask after 11 years, isn't it? Halabja has been a major argument in the debate of the remaining of the sanctions. So, let's dig for the truth here, like we've done with the lies of the so-called atrocities in the Kuwaiti hospitals, lies that made the public support Desert-storm.. So, once and for all: so-called "atrocities" of Saddam were never a reason for the Gulf-war. It was oil, oil and oil. Dirk Adriaensens. ----- Original Message ----- From: "Greater Manchester Coalition Against Sanctions and War" <firstname.lastname@example.org> To: <MCR_Coalition@yahoo.co.uk> Sent: Saturday, January 05, 2002 4:42 PM Subject: Halabja Film in Liverpool! > Note: forwarded message attached. > > __________________________________________________ > Do You Yahoo!? > Everything you'll ever need on one web page > from News and Sport to Email and Music Charts > http://uk.my.yahoo.com -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email email@example.com CASI's website - www.casi.org.uk - includes an archive of all postings. -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email firstname.lastname@example.org CASI's website - www.casi.org.uk - includes an archive of all postings.