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Re: Butler

Below is an article about his comments from the BBC website. It portrays
him as strongly critical of sanctions.

(Spaces in the following show where there were pictures -I've retained the
Sunday, 4 June, 2000, 21:31 GMT 22:31 UK 
Ex-Unscom chief attacks sanctions

Mass funerals for Iraqi children are a regular event

Richard Butler, the controversial former head of the United Nations arms
inspection team in Iraq, Unscom, has publicly criticised the sanctions
imposed on Baghdad after the Gulf War. 
Speaking on the BBC's Talking Point on Air, Mr Butler said sanctions
harmed the Iraqi people and had not realised their declared aim of
stripping Iraq of weapons of mass destruction (WMDs). 

I'm not trying to shirk responsibility - I accept completely the
responsibility I exercised

Richard Butler  
 He becomes the biggest name on a growing list of former UN employees
involved with Iraq who have pointed to fundamental flaws in the
organisation's Iraqi policies. 

"I deeply believe that sanctions as now applied to Iraq have been utterly
counterproductive for this disarmament purpose," Mr Butler said. 

Butler was accused by Iraq of being a tool of the US
 He was responding to a question from an Iraqi caller from Germany who had
accused him of being instrumental in the imposition of "murderous"
sanctions against Iraq. 

"I'm not trying to shirk responsibility. 

"I'm not just splitting hairs by saying sanctions were not my
responsibility, I'm stating a fact," he said. 


Mr Butler stressed that Unscom's job was solely to report to the UN
Security Council on progress towards Iraqi disarmament. 

As the body's chief, Mr Butler was well known for confrontations with
Iraqi officials over access to weapons sites. 

Saddam Hussein's rule is untouched by sanctions
 He was accused by Iraq of being a tool of the US, which Baghdad said had
no intention of lifting sanctions regardless of progress on disarmament. 

Inspectors have not returned to Iraq since they withdrew in December 1998
ahead of a US-led bombing campaign, and Baghdad has refused to accept a
reconstituted inspection regime. 

'Double standards' 

Mr Butler put forward his theory, expounded in a recently published book,
that sanctions need to target the Iraqi leadership rather than the
ordinary people of Iraq. 

He also suggested that unity and collective action by the Security Council
was vital, while divisions had stopped progress in disarmament which
benefited Baghdad. 

Patients suffer most during sweltering summer months
 Mr Butler also answered critics of "western double standards" towards
Arab states and Israel, which like Iraq has invaded its neighbours and
maintains a WMD arsenal. 

He agreed there was a double standard, and Israel's nuclear weapons had
been a "source of very great difficulty" when it came to Unscom's work. 

"In the last chapter of my book I make very clear that as we move towards
nuclear disarmament as we must that Israel's weapons have to be put on the
table," he said. 

Mr Butler retired from Unscom in 1999 and is now Diplomat in Residence at
the Council on Foreign Relations in New York. 

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