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[ This message has been sent to you via the CASI-analysis mailing list ] This is an automated compilation of submissions to email@example.com Articles for inclusion in this daily news mailing should be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org. Please include a full reference to the source of the article. Today's Topics: 1. Brahimi sets out new Iraq leadership plan (Daniel O'Huiginn) 2. Annan refutes criticism of UN Role in Oil-for-Food Program (ppg) --__--__-- Message: 1 Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2004 14:14:00 +0100 (BST) From: Daniel O'Huiginn <do227@DELETETHIShermes.cam.ac.uk> To: email@example.com Subject: Brahimi sets out new Iraq leadership plan Brahimi sets out new Iraq leadership plan Wed 28 April, 2004 04:10 http://www.reuters.co.uk/newsPackageArticle.jhtml?type=worldNews&storyID=500579§ion=news By Evelyn Leopold UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - U.N. envoy Lakhdar Brahimi says an interim Iraqi government could be chosen by the end of May despite the "extremely worrying" security situation in Falluja and elsewhere. Brahimi, a former Algerian foreign minister persuaded by the United States to help in the transition to Iraqi rule, laid out to the U.N. Security Council plans for a new government, due to take power on June 30. "Though it will certainly not be easy, we do believe that it shall be possible to identify by the end of May a group of people respected and acceptable to Iraqis across the country, to form this caretaker government," Brahimi said on Tuesday. The 15-nation council issued a statement welcoming Brahimi's "provisional ideas" for an interim Iraqi regime that would be made up of nonpartisan technocrats. He intends to return to Iraq shortly, the statement said. But Brahimi warned about the "increase in violence up and down the country" and especially in the besieged city of Falluja. "It is extremely worrying," he said. The U.S.-led coalition knew "better than everyone else that the consequences of such bloodshed could be dramatic and long-lasting." "Is it possible for the process to proceed under such circumstances? Will it be viable? Will it be credible?" Brahimi asked. "I put it to (the Security Council) that there is no alternative but to find a way of making the process viable and credible." Brahimi made clear there were many powers the new government would not have until elections in January 2005. He said it should reach "crystal clear understandings" on sovereignty with the United States before June 30. "You want 150,000 soldiers to disappear at midnight on the 30th of June? Those soldiers are going to be there," he told reporters later. U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell said on Monday the interim Iraqi government would have to give up some of its sovereignty to allow a free hand to U.S.-led armed forces. And Washington's ambassador to the United Nations, John Negroponte, expected to be the new U.S. ambassador in Iraq after June 30, told reporters foreign forces had to control security because a transitional government would not be capable of doing so immediately. NONPARTISAN GOVERNMENT Brahimi has proposed that the current U.S.-selected Iraqi Governing Council be dissolved and an interim government made up of nonpartisan experts take its place until the elections. He said the United Nations would "help" select the government, along with the U.S.-led Coalition Provisional Authority and the Governing Council. But Brahimi said it was important that members of the caretaker government shunned partisanship. "It is best if the members of the caretaker government, including the interim president, vice presidents and prime minister, were to choose not to stand for elections," he said. He proposed organising a national conference in July of at least 1,000 people to draw Iraqis together. This conference would elect a "consultative council" to provide advice to the government and receive reports from ministers. The United States is currently drawing up a Security Council resolution, expected to be circulated next month, that would bless an interim government. The resolution is to approve a U.S.-led multinational force, part of which would be designated to protect U.N. staff, and outline the duties of a more robust U.N. mission in Iraq. Some diplomats believe there may be problems with approving an interim government that will not control Iraqi security. But Chile's U.N. Ambassador, Akram Munoz, said, "Everybody knows that there will have to be military forces on the ground for some time." --__--__-- Message: 2 From: "ppg" <ppg@DELETETHISnyc.rr.com> To: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Subject: Annan refutes criticism of UN Role in Oil-for-Food Program Date: Wed, 28 Apr 2004 20:46:26 -0400 Kofi Annan Calls Some Criticism of UN Role in Oil-for-Food Program 'Outrageous' Peter Heinlein United Nations 28 Apr 2004, 22:08 UTC VOA website: http://tinyurl.com/2xrjl Listen to Peter Heinlein's report (RealAudio) Heinlein report - Download 382k (RealAudio) U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan has lashed out at critics of the world body's role in the Iraq oil-for-food program, describing some of the charges as outrageous and exaggerated. Mr. Annan categorically rejected allegations that his son may have been involved in any illegal activities. Asked Wednesday about the effect of the oil-for-food scandal on the world body's reputation, the secretary general rose immediately to the defense of his son. Kojo Annan worked in the mid-90s for Cotecna, a Swiss-based company chosen to monitor what Iraq was importing under the humanitarian program. Speaking at a news conference, Mr. Annan said there is nothing to the accusations that his son somehow benefited illegally from oil-for-food contracts. "He joined the company even before I became secretary general, as a 22-year old, as a trainee in Geneva and then he was assigned to work for them in West Africa, mainly in Nigeria and Ghana," he said. "Neither he nor I had anything to do with contracts for Cotecna. That was done in strict accordance with U.N. rules and financial regulations." On the broader issue of the U.N. role in alleged fraud in the oil-for-food program, Mr. Annan was equally outspoken. "Some of the comments that I have read have been constructive and thoughtful," he added. "Others have been rather outrageous and exaggerated. If you read the reports, it looks as if the Saddam regime had nothing to do with it. They did nothing wrong. It was all the U.N. You take the oil smuggling. There was no way the UN could have stopped it." Mr. Annan noted that smuggling accounts for the majority of the illegal profits Saddam Hussein allegedly made from the oil-for-food program. He suggested member states, in particular the United States and Britain, were in the best position to prevent smuggling. "There was a maritime task force that was supposed to do that, they were driving the trucks through northern Iraq to Turkey," he said. "The U.S. and the British had planes in the air. We were not there. Why is all this being dumped on the U.N.?" The secretary general said he is deeply concerned about the potential damage to the world body's reputation from the oil-for-food scandal. Describing the accusations "serious," he pledged to cooperate with investigations and said in some cases, diplomatic immunity of U.N. staff may be lifted so as not to impede the judicial process. The oil-for-food program was launched in 1996 to allow Saddam Hussein's government to sell some of Iraq's oil to purchase food and other goods to ease the burden of U.N. sanctions on ordinary Iraqis. Investigators allege Saddam's regime pocketed more than $10 billion in proceeds from smuggling and imposing illegal surcharges on oil sales. End of casi-news Digest _______________________________________ Sent via the CASI-analysis mailing list To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-analysis All postings are archived on CASI's website at http://www.casi.org.uk