1. The Situation Analysis was researched and written by an independent international consultant. It covers 15 governorates of the south and centre of Iraq, where UNICEF's Programme of Cooperation with the Government of Iraq is implemented.
  2. Aims extracted from UNICEF Programme Manual.
  3. UNICEF adopts a life-cycle approach in its assessment and analysis.
  4. Due to time constraints and the fact that the programme review teams had conducted extensive site visits, the visits conducted during the Situation Analysis took place only in Baghdad.
  5. UNICEF Iraq Annual Report 2000.
  6. SCR 661 of August 1990 imposed economic sanctions including a full trade embargo, except medical supplies, foodstuffs and humanitarian items as determined by the Security Council Sanctions Committee.
  7. The MOU was signed on 20 May 1996 to implement the provisions of sCR 986 of 14 April 1995.
  8. Of the oil revenues, 30% or $600mn were set aside as Gulf War reparations; 13% ($260mn) for the three autonomous governorates of the north, 2.2% ($44mn) for UN operational costs, and 1% ($20mn) for payments to escrow. The remaining 53% (1.06bn) were for humanitarian supplies for 15 governorates. For comparison, Iraq's civilian imports in 1989 cost $bn.
  9. UNICEF Annual Report 2000.
  10. Ibid.
  11. Interview with Minister of Planning.
  12. As noted earlier, in many cases, figures are simply unavailable due to both technical and political factors.
  13. National Report on Follow-up to the World Summit for Children, May 2001.
  14. GOI-UNICEF 2000a.
  15. Situation Analysis, 1998.
  16. in fact, the HDI ranking for 1995 and 2000, poor as it is, is likely to be more positive than the reality, because the GDP per capta was estimated to be $3,197.
  17. The survey was conducted by the Central Statistical Office (CSO) in the Government's Planning Commision, with support from UNICEF and in collaboration with several ministries and departments, medical personnel, educators, and water and sanitation experts in the field. MICS surveys are designed to monitor the global goals adopted at the World Summit for Children in 1990 (see Table 9). UNICEF, together with its partners WHO, UNESCO and others, identified a set of 75 indicators to monitor the status of children in different aspects. A total of 381 experts and field researchers were involved in conducting the survey, and they received training on the methodology at 15 workshops. A careful system of data entry, editing and checking was established, and was continuously evaluated by an international consultant.
  18. "Assessment of the Implementation of the Humanitarian Programme (SCR 986): The Psychosocial Well-being of Children in Iraq", UNICEF, March 1999.
  19. The CWC now includes representatives from the following ministries and offices, at the director general level, as well as two experts to be chosen by the CWC: Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs, Ministry of Culture and Information, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Health, Planning Commission, the General Federation of Iraqi Women, and the General Federation of Iraqi Youth.

© UNICEF 2002
Electronic version prepared by CASI