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I am still waiting for Panorama to do a programme on the devastating effects of the sanctions. They managed at least 2 programmes on SH's WMD. Perhaps they could do a programme showing how Iraq has been devastated since 1991? http://english.aljazeera.net/Special+Reports/Life+- +Before+and+After+Sanctions.htm Life before and after sanctions By Sarah al-Ansary Monday 11 August 2003, 18:46 Makka Time, 15:46 GMT Related: A new Vietnam... Tools: Email Article Print Article Send Your Feedback History may have never recorded a harsher and more inhuman regime of sanctions than those imposed on Iraq in the name of the UN. It obliterated people's lives and crippled their economy. The following figures attest to that heart-breaking reality beyond any doubt. Health Hospital beds: Before sanctions: 1.9/100 After sanctions: 1.4/100 Life expectancy: Before sanctions: 65 years After sanctions: 59 years Infant mortality: Before sanctions: 80/1000 After sanctions: 104/1000 Major causes of death: Before Sanctions: The leading causes were circulatory diseases, injury, poisoning, cancer, and congenital anomalies. Hospitals were free and there were 9000 doctors. After Sanctions: Since 1990, increased mortality has been attributed to deprivation of medical care and malnutrition especially among children and other vulnerable population groups following the imposition of UN sanctions. Education Adult literacy rate: Before sanctions: 89% After sanctions: 58% Student enrollment: Before sanctions: Primary School: 99% Secondary School: 47% Number of School Buildings: 9460 After sanctions: Primary School: 80% Secondary School: 31% Number of School Buildings: 7572 Education status: Before sanctions: Public education was free and compulsory at all levels. After sanctions: UNICEF estimated that only 10% of Iraq's needs for education could be met by the Oil for Food Programme. Food Calory intake: Before sanctions: 3400 calories per day (The highest in the region at that time) Two thirds of Iraq's food was imported. After sanctions: 2268 calories per day 94% of the FAO recommended minimum requirement Undernourishment: Before sanctions: 4% After sanctions: 27% Water and Sanitation Access to safe water: Before sanctions: Urban: 100% Rural: 72% After sanctions: Urban: 85% Rural: 48% Access to sanitation: Before sanctions: Urban: 96% Rural: 18% After sanctions: Urban: 79% Rural: 31% Electricity Production: Before sanctions: Unknown After sanctions: KWh27.3 billion Consumption Before sanctions: Unknown After sanctions: KWh25.389 billion Communication Telephone lines in use: Before sanctions: 462,000 After sanctions: 675,000 Internet service provider Before sanctions: Unknown After sanctions: One ISP for 12,500 users Television & radio Before sanctions: Unknown After sanctions: 13 TV broadcast stations, 3 radio stations Mark Parkinson Bodmin Cornwall _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk