The following is an archived copy of a message sent to a Discussion List run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
Views expressed in this archived message are those of the author, not of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
[Main archive index/search] [List information] [Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq Homepage]
Dear Casi The people who went inside buildings burnt in Baghdad talk about seeing something like Glue sticking to burnt out walls. This was an alien fire material. Normally people see petrol or kerosene bottles. Could this Gluey material be the “son of napalm”? If so was it the Iraqis burning the buildings? Was Saddam developing the “son of napalm” without the US knowing about it? Or was it the Americans who used it so that they will give the Iraqi money to Bechtel for the reconstruction? I tend to think that this has something to do with making Bechtel rich! Regards Ghazwan Al-Mukhtar Baghdad, Occupied Iraq >From: email@example.com >To: firstname.lastname@example.org >Subject: [casi] New, Improved and More Lethal: Son Of Napalm >Date: Sat, 09 Aug 2003 04:46:04 -0400 > >New, improved and more lethal: son of napalm >By Ben Cubby >August 8, 2003 >http://www.smh.com.au/articles/2003/08/08/1060145828249.html > > The Pentagon no longer officially uses the brand-name 'Napalm', but a >similar sticky, inflammable substance known as 'fuel-gel mixture', >contained in weapons called Mark-77 fire bombs, was dropped on Iraqi troops >near the Iraq-Kuwait border at the start of the war. > >"I can confirm that Mark-77 fire bombs were used in that general area," >Colonel Mike Daily of the US Marine Corps said. > >Colonel Daily said that US stocks of Vietnam-era napalm had been phased >out, but that the fuel-gel mixture in the Mark-77s had "similar destructive >characteristics." > >"Many folks (out of habit) refer to the Mark-77 as 'napalm' because its >effect upon the target is remarkably similar," he said. > >On March 22nd, correspondent Lindsay Murdoch, who was travelling with the >US Marines, had reported that napalm was used in an attack on Iraqi troops >at Safwan Hill, near the Kuwait border. Murdoch's account was based on >statements by two US Marine Corps officers on the ground. > >Lieutenant-Commander Jeff A. Davis, USN, Office of the Assistant Secretary >for Defense (Public Affairs) had called Murdoch's story "patently false". > >"The US took napalm out of service in the 1970's. We completed the >destruction of our last batch of napalm on April 4, 2001, and no longer >maintain any stocks of napalm," Commander Davis told smh online. He was >apparently referring to Vietnam-era Napalm-B, which consisted of >inflammable fuel thickened with polystyrene and benzene. > >The inflammable fuel in Mark-77 fire bombs is thickened with slightly >different chemicals, and is believed to contain oxidizers, which make it >harder to extinguish than Napalm-B. > >Neither weapon technically contains napalm. The chemical mixture that >became known as 'napalm' - a combination of naphthalene and palmitate - was >used only in the earliest versions of the weapon. > >Napalm was banned by United Nations convention in 1980, but the US never >signed the agreement. Use of Mark-77 fire bombs is considered legal by the >US military. > >Ms. Toni McNeal, a spokesperson for Rock Island Arsenal, in Illinois, said >the facility is currently producing a further 500 Mark-77s for the US >Marine Corps. > >She said she did not consider the Mark-77s to be napalm bombs. > >But Mark-77s are referred to as 'napalm' in some current US inventories and >public affairs documents. > >A US Navy public affairs document dated 22/10/99 says that the US Navy no >longer uses napalm but "the US Marine Corps has a requirement and uses it >at ranges at Yuma and Twenty-Nine Palms." > >Twenty-Nine Palms, in California, is the home base of some of the Marine >Corps units that took part in the attack on Safwan Hill in Iraq. > >Captain Robert Crum, USMC, Public Affairs spokesman for Twenty-Nine Palms, >said: "Mk 77s are not routinely used in training at 29 Palms. Yet it would >be inappropriate to say that they are never - or never would be - used in >training here. > >"The average young Marine may be unfamiliar with the technical >nomenclature, and probably does refer to this munition by the vernacular >'napalm'." > >Napalm was banned by a United Nations convention in 1980, but the US never >signed the agreement. The US military considers the use of Mark-77 weapons >to be legal. > >Copyright © 2003. The Sydney Morning Herald. > >_______________________________________________ >Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. >To unsubscribe, visit >http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss >To contact the list manager, email email@example.com >All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk _________________________________________________________________ The new MSN 8: advanced junk mail protection and 2 months FREE* http://join.msn.com/?page=features/junkmail _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk