The following is an archived copy of a message sent to a Discussion List run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
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Sorry! Here is URL of the article: http://www.nytimes.com/2003/05/11/international/worldspecial/11VOTE.html?ex= 1053230400&en=e0d77268cc3789d6&ei=5062&partner=GOOGLE ----- Original Message ----- From: "Voices UK" <email@example.com> To: "k hanly" <firstname.lastname@example.org> Sent: Tuesday, May 13, 2003 5:29 AM Subject: Re: [casi] More about the "election" in Mosul > Dear K, > > Interesting report. I assume it's from the New York Times (you forgot to > indicate the source)? > > Best wishes, > > Gabriel > > ----- Original Message ----- > From: "k hanly" <email@example.com> > To: <firstname.lastname@example.org> > Sent: Tuesday, May 13, 2003 6:29 AM > Subject: [casi] More about the "election" in Mosul > > > > > > > > -------------------------------------------------------------------------- > -- > > ---- > > > > May 11, 2003 > > In One Major City, Power Goes to an Iraqi With a Past > > By SABRINA TAVERNISE > > > > > > OSUL, Iraq, May 10 - Mishan al-Jaburi is a very busy man. His living > room - > > a lofty space where boys skitter with trays of tea - is full of sheiks, > > tribal leaders and armed guards in fatigues. They come to him for answers. > > > > "So many guests," he said on a recent afternoon. "I tell them we have a > new > > governor, but they are still all coming to me." > > > > Mr. Jaburi is a controversial figure. His critics accuse him of having > been > > a business partner of Saddam Hussein's son Uday, something he vigorously > > denies. > > > > What is beyond dispute is that he was the main local power broker behind > > Iraq's first postwar election, a vote among tribal leaders last Monday to > > choose a local government. In a week of meetings, Mr. Jaburi, a leader > from > > the Iraqi National Congress, and the American commander in the area > brought > > together 240 elders and tribal leaders. > > > > Today, American military and civilian affairs officers handed over the > > government to the Iraqi Citizen Council chosen in the Monday election. > > American Army officers say they want to hand over as many duties to the > > Iraqis as soon as possible. > > > > "I am the leader of the city," said Mr. Jaburi in an interview in his new > > residence, a house of angular modern design that just a month ago belonged > > to the infamous Gen. Ali Hassan al-Majid, also known as "Chemical Ali" for > > his role in gassing Iraqi Kurds in 1988. "All the power is in my hands. I > > told the Americans to hold elections." > > > > As American authorities in Iraq get down to the business of building local > > governments, they are faced with the task of finding leaders. Mr. Jaburi > and > > a small coterie of men have assumed that role in this city, Iraq's third > > largest. > > > > The task is not easy. Mr. Hussein's authoritarian government discouraged > > leadership and initiative. Even recent history in the provinces is one of > > control by complex tribal systems rather than formal laws. Elections have > > been few and far between. Those with recent experience in public > > administration were members of Mr. Hussein's Baath Party. > > > > "Iraq was a big prison for 35 years," said Farhan Sharafani, a tribal > leader > > in the far north of Iraq in a village called Mrehban. "Anyone under 35 > knows > > only that. In his mind, he's thinking of himself, not his country." > > > > Enter Mr. Jaburi. > > > > An energetic businessman, Mr. Jaburi, 44, lived outside Iraq for a number > of > > years, an experience his critics say was necessitated by having stolen > > hundreds of thousands of dollars from Uday Hussein in a cigarette > business. > > > > Mr. Jaburi insists that he never worked with Uday, saying he met Mr. > > Hussein's son only three times, the first in 1989 at Uday's behest. He > said > > he left Iraq because he had been privy to a plot to kill Saddam Hussein > and > > feared for his life. > > > > Mr. Jaburi speaks English fluently, and wears Western-style clothing. He > > says he was never a member of the Baath Party or connected to the old > > government. > > > > Even so, he had a very favored position in society. He was rich in the > > 1980's, living in what he described as a mansion, gilded on the inside, > > "that all the generals wished was theirs." He made millions of dollars > from > > what he described as an import-export business. > > > > He moved around, living in Turkey, Jordan and Syria. But he loved > politics. > > He saw his chance in Mosul, as the United States was in the final stages > of > > its war against Mr. Hussein. He became an ally of the renegade Kurdish > > leader Massoud Barzani. > > > > There was friction with the American commander from the start. In an > > interview last month, the commander, Col. Robert Waltemeyer, said Mr. > Jaburi > > hindered his troops as they entered Mosul. According to Colonel > Waltemeyer, > > Mr. Jaburi falsely told him that the Iraqi Army was waiting to surrender. > > > > In fact, the Iraqi troops had long earlier fled the city. And as the > > Americans waited for the surrender to happen, people began a looting > spree. > > Residents still blame American forces for not entering the city more > quickly > > and securing it. > > > > The American military also raised questions about Mr. Jaburi's role in a > > shooting incident that left at least 10 dead. When a crowd of > anti-American > > protesters gathered soon after the city fell, Mr. Jaburi presented himself > > as the new governor of the city. The crowd pelted him with rocks and Mr. > > Jaburi retreated into the building. > > > > Later, shots came from the enraged crowd. Marines fired back. Mosul > > residents still refer to the incident as a massacre. > > > > But the next American commander to arrive in Mosul, Maj. Gen. David H. > > Petraeus, chose to work with Mr. Jaburi. For Mr. Jaburi, the prize was the > > election of the local government. He quickly took a leading role. General > > Petraeus said Mr. Jaburi had been given power because he took the > initiative > > and his tribe was one of the biggest. > > > > "There are some views that he has had too high a profile," the general > said. > > "But you have to have people who are willing to invest lots of energy and > > time." > > > > In the end, a mayor was elected. The election was praised as advancing a > > political process that seemed to be lagging in other parts of the country. > > The new city council also included representatives from most ethnic > > minorities in the area. > > > > But Arab and Kurdish critics said the group that took part in the election > > was replete with Baath Party officials and complained that delegates were > > given a choice of just three candidates for mayor, all nominated by Mr. > > Jaburi. > > > > "It's not democracy," said Ali Jajawee, a retired Iraqi Army general. "He > > was the man behind the screen, controlling the process." > > > > Though the first elections in Iraq's short history were in 1953, the Iraqi > > people - Sunni and Shiite Muslims, Kurds and Assyrian Christians - have > > bounced between military junta, kings and dictators for most of the past > > century. > > > > For that reason, says Mr. Sharafani, the tribal leader, it was too early > to > > hold elections. "You don't start to build your house in the winter - you > > wait for spring," he said. "Now is winter. Opportunists are very, very > > dangerous for Iraq." > > > > Mr. Sharafani is among those who sat out the election rather than fight > what > > they saw as a flawed process. Still, he is hopeful that better elections - > > once they are held - will bring about effective government. > > > > But the Americans have to stay. "Without the Americans," he said, "it will > > be worse than Saddam." > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > > _______________________________________________ > > Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. > > To unsubscribe, visit > http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss > > To contact the list manager, email email@example.com > > All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk > > > > > > > _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk