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Re: [casi] post-war lifting of sanctions

Dear list

It is obviously difficult for a group calling itself the 'Campaign Against
Sanctions on Iraq' to resist a call to lift the sanctions on Iraq. But the
circumstances are changed. Whereas in the past, 'sanctions' was a bad term
to designate a policy of blockade; so it is now a bad term to designate
United Nations control over Iraq's income from oil

At present Iraq is under foreign occupation and there is no legal
government, nor is there likely to be in the foreseeable future a government
that can be reasonably seen as an emanation of Iraqi society. Under these
circumstances it is surely wholly appropriate that the oil money should
remain with the United Nations, 'in trust', as Colin Powell might say, 'for
the Iraqi people'. Ideally there would be a new resoution perpetuating the
UN escrow account until such time as an internationally recognised Iraqi
government was in place, but since that is likely to be vetoed by the
invading powers, the Security Council should stick to the existing
legislation under which sanctions cannot be lifted until the weapons
inspectors have declared Iraq free of weapons of mass destruction (missiles
with a range of over 150 km for example. I don't know if the occupying
forces have brought any of those in, with the intention of threatening their

Sanctions on the import/export of items outside the oil sector should of
course be removed immediately, notably on dates. Though if I'm not mistaken
the main date producing areas round Basra may be hopelessly contaminated
with depleted uranium dating back to 1991. If that is the case, date
production has, tragically, to be stopped and generous compensation given by
the responsible powers.

But at the present time 'ending sanctions' means first and foremost
delivering Iraq's oil income into the hands of the occupying power, after an
invasion carried out in flagrant violation of the UN Charter. It would be
yet another abject defeat for the multinational order supposedly represented
by the United Nations at the hands of the unipolar order represented by the
United States.

All the best


> From: "Colin Rowat" <>
> Date: Wed, 19 Mar 2003 10:55:16 -0000
> To: <>
> Subject: RE: [casi] post-war lifting of sanctions
> Dear Daniel,
> I think that your question is a good one, and a worrying one.  At present,
> US plans for a post-war Iraq seem very sketchy: are Iraqis to have the costs
> of another war added to their already crippling levels of financial
> obligation; what are US intentions viz. the lifting of sanctions now that
> Saddam, to whom the US has always tied them, seems to be in his last weeks;
> is an unstable, future Iraq to be left to twist as Bush returns to his
> presidential election campaign, leaving Middle East policy to his hawks?
> The underlying legislation authorising the sanctions are the Security
> Council resolutions.  Thus, a new SCR will be necessary to lift or otherwise
> modify the sanctions.  When this is passed, national governments then pass
> implementing legislation, making a national version of the SCR part of their
> national law.
> I do think that learning and lobbying on this will be vital over the coming
> weeks, and would encourage list members to begin to think in this direction.
> Whether one has supported or opposed the war, all of our arguments have been
> presented in terms of concern for Iraqis.  If the Iraqi regime is replaced,
> then we should all, I hope, be able to agree that we need to work to ensure
> that the next Iraqi government is just, and given a chance of survival.
> Lifting non-military sanctions, not adding further liabilities to Iraq's
> already high financial obligations, and reducing its existing one, will, I
> suspect, be central elements of this.
> Less economically, I suspect that attempts to restore ties between Iraqis in
> Iraq and those of us living outside Iraq will be important.  For some years,
> the idea of twinning programmes has floated around our circles.  The
> environment for this may become more favourable in the near future.  If list
> members are members of churches, synagogues, mosques, trades unions, sports
> teams, schools, or the like, twinning with a similar Iraqi group may be a
> very practical step that can be taken to help bridge the gulf that I fear
> has been growing.
> My feelings have been very mixed for a long time now, and remain so.  I do
> think, though, that we have a chance at winning the peace, and helping
> protect seeds of hope in Iraq.  (A few days ago, I saw the 'Support
> Democracy in Iraq' image on and felt inspired: here
> is a new Iraq that I can feel excited about!)
> Best wishes,
> Colin Rowat
> work | Room 406, Department of Economics | The University of Birmingham |
> Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK | | (+44/0) 121 414 3754 |
> (+44/0) 121 414 7377 (fax) |
> personal | (+44/0) 7768 056 984 (mobile) | (+44/0) 7092 378 517 (fax) |
> (707) 221 3672 (US fax) |
>> -----Original Message-----
>> From:
>> []On Behalf Of Daniel
>> O'Huiginn
>> Sent: 18 March 2003 7:03 PM
>> To:
>> Subject: [casi] post-war lifting of sanctions
>> We tend to assume that sanctions will be lifted after the US/UK invasion
>> of Iraq, but has anyone looked into the mechanics of lifting sanctions, in
>> terms of UN and national legislation? What new laws will need to be
>> drafted?
>> Since sanctions are probably quite low down Bush/Blair's list of
>> priorities, and since I don't have much faith in their competence, I'm
>> worried that it will take months after the end of war before sanctions are
>> lifted.
>> Where should I look for information? Do list members think we need to
>> lobby on this, or will it happen by itself?
>> Dan O'Huiginn
>> _______________________________________________
>> Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
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> _______________________________________________
> Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
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