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[casi] more faked coalition documents

28 March 2003

Coalition faked it, says UN
By Louis Charbonneau VIENNA

A few hours and a simple internet search was all it took for UN inspectors to realize documents 
backing US and British claims that Iraq had revived its nuclear program were crude fakes, a UN 
official said.

Speaking to Reuters on condition of anonymity, a senior official from the UN nuclear agency who saw 
the documents offered as evidence that Iraq tried to buy 500 tons of uranium from Niger, described 
one as so badly forged his "jaw dropped".

"When [UN experts] started to look at them, after a few hours of going at it with a critical eye 
things started to pop out," the official said, adding a more thorough investigation used up 
"resources, time and energy we could have devoted elsewhere".

The US first made the allegation that Iraq had revived its nuclear program around September last 
year when the CIA warned that Baghdad "could make a nuclear weapon within a year" if it acquired 

US President George W. Bush found the proof credible enough to add it to his State of the Union 
speech in January.

The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) official said the charge that Iraq sought the uranium 
was to be the "stake in the heart" of Baghdad and "would have been as close to a smoking gun as you 
could get" because Iraq could only want it for weapons.

Once the IAEA got the documents  which took months - French nuclear scientist Jacques Bautes, head 
of the UN Iraq Nuclear Verification office, quickly saw they were fakes.

Two documents were particularly bad. The first was a letter from the president of Niger which 
referred to his authority under the 1965 constitution. That constitution has been defunct for 
nearly four years, the official said.

There were other problems with the letter, including an unsuccessful forgery of the president's 

"It doesn't even look close to the signature of the president. I'm not a [handwriting] expert but 
when I looked at it my jaw dropped," the official said.

Another letter about uranium dated October 2000 purportedly came from Niger's foreign minister and 
was signed by a Mr. Alle Elhadj Habibou, who has not been foreign minister since 1989.

To make matters worse, the letterhead was out of date and referred to Niger's "Supreme Military 
Council" from the pre-1999 era  which would be like calling Russia the Soviet Union.

After determining the documents were fakes, the IAEA had a group of international forensics experts 
 including people from the US and Britain - verify their findings. The panel unanimously agreed 
with the IAEA.

"We don't know who did it," the official said, adding that it would be easy to come up with a long 
list of groups and states which would like to malign the present Iraqi regime.

The IAEA asked the US and Britain if they had any other evidence backing the claim that Iraq tried 
to buy uranium. The answer was no.

IAEA chief Muhammad Al Baradei informed the UN Security Council in early March that the Niger proof 
was fake and that three months with 218 inspections at 141 sites had produced "no evidence or 
plausible indication" Iraq had a nuclear program.

But last week US Vice President Dick Cheney repeated the US position and said that Al Baradei was 
wrong about Iraq.

"We know [Iraqi President Saddam Hussein] has been absolutely devoted to trying to acquire nuclear 
weapons, and we believe he has in fact reconstituted nuclear weapons," he said.



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