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[ Presenting plain-text part of multi-format email ] Hi Everyone This is a quote from the International Study Team who made surveys in Iraq in 1991 after the Gulf War. "Team members visited 13 cities inspected 28 facilities including 18 water treatment plants (WTP). eight waste water treatment plants (WWTP), one water supply facility (WSF), and one alum (aluminium sulphate) plant. They found that much of Iraq's water and wastewater systems are currently inoperable and ineffective. Water treatment plants currently function at a fraction of their former capacities, with only one of the 18 plants visited operating at a 100% capacity. Many wastewater plants have ceased operation altogether. Water distribution suffers from reduced flows and limited chlorine. The sewage collection systems are partially operational due to the array of problems caused by the shut-down of lift stations during the war. These problems are likely to reoccur as lift stations are again shut down for a lack of spare parts. Direct physical damage, either from the bombing or from looting during the civil uprisings, was found to be only a minor factor in the impairment of water or wastewater systems. The primary rate-limiting factors are lack of spare parts and supplies of chlorine and erratic electric supply." In further sections it states that, " The water distribution systems in some cities sustained collateral war damage. Water pipe breaks were frequent during the war. Mosul, for example, sustained water main damage at 24 sites..." and in regard to sewage plants only "the Rustumiyya Sewage Treatment Plant in Baghdad sustained bomb damage during the war. Several plants in the South sustained substantial damage in the ensuing civil strive." Throughout the report they emphasise that lack of spare parts and the erractic electrical supply are the major problem. The crime is that, subsequently, these parts for water and sanitation and power generation were consistently put on hold by the US or UK members of the sanctions committee despite their awareness of the consequences to public health. Jo --------------------------------- With Yahoo! Mail you can get a bigger mailbox -- choose a size that fits your needs _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email email@example.com All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk