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News, 13-20/12/02 (2) IRAQI DECLARATION * U.S. rejects Iraqi arms report * Germany was 'key supplier' of Saddam supplier * Arms report names Western suppliers * Iraq: The countdown begins * Syria to return sanitized Iraqi weapons declaration * Syria to boycott U.N. talks * Inspectors say gaps found in Iraqi weapons report * The 'gaps' in Iraq's dossier * Pakistani scientist 'offered Saddam nuclear designs' * Text of Colin Powell's remarks on Iraq POLICING THE BLOCKADE * US, British planes hit civilian sites in Iraq * Coalition planes strike targets in Iraq * Western jets attack southern Iraq air defences * U.S. Navy Says UAE Firm Smuggling Chemicals to Iraq * Iraq opens fire on US, UK warplanes: Baghdad * Western jets fire on southern Iraq air defences * Western patrols choke off trade in illegal Iraq oil IRAQI DECLARATION http://www.washtimes.com/world/20021214-13688964.htm * U.S. REJECTS IRAQI ARMS REPORT by Betsy Pisik Washington Times, 14th December NEW YORK ‹ The Bush administration yesterday rejected Iraq's accounting of its weapons of mass destruction, saying that Washington found the 12,000-page declaration incomplete. "We know that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction and has programs to create more," State Department spokesman Richard Boucher said. "What's not in the document may be as important as what is in the document." The White House, conducting its own analysis of the filing, declined to comment specifically on the declaration until after chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix briefs the Security Council on Thursday. But Sen. Richard C. Shelby of Alabama, the top Republican on the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, called the Iraqi declaration "a bogus report." "I don't know how you could put any credibility in any of it," he said. Sen. Richard G. Lugar, Indiana Republican and incoming chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, called the inspections a "palliative" for countries that oppose intervention in Iraq. Without being told where Iraq's biological and chemical weapons are stored, "There's just not a whole lot of confidence in the ability of these people to get the job done," Mr. Lugar told reporters in Washington. The inspections, he said, are more of "a palliative for many countries who don't want to do anything. It's a time-consumer in a way." Iraq says it has no biological, chemical or nuclear weapons and that it has no programs to build them. The U.N. chief of nuclear-weapons safeguards also criticized Iraq's filing, saying most of the document's section dealing with nuclear weapons appeared to be recycled information. Mohamed ElBaradei, director-general of the U.N. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) characterized the 2,100-page section on atomic programs as "material we already had before." Mr. ElBaradei said he hoped for new information in the roughly 300 pages now being translated from Arabic. He said it could take a year for inspectors on the ground to determine whether Iraq is free of nuclear weapons, and he made an appeal for patience that appeared at odds with Washington's desire for a quick determination of whether Iraq has honored U.N. demands that it disarm. "It will take us something like a year before we can come to any credible conclusion," Mr. ElBaradei told reporters at IAEA's Vienna, Austria, headquarters. "Iraq has said they have not taken part in any nuclear-weapons activities. Of course, we must verify that statement. The process will take time, but you need to bear with us because if successful, this is the best way of ensuring that Iraq disarms," he said. In its Nov. 8 resolution authorizing weapons inspectors to return to Iraq after a four-year absence, the Security Council demanded a current and comprehensive accounting of Iraq's chemical, biological and nuclear weapons. U.N. experts have begun translating and analyzing the report submitted last weekend and expect to have a "sanitized" version ready by Tuesday, when it will be given to the council's 10 elected members. The five permanent members ‹ the United States, Britain, China, France and Russia ‹ already have a complete copy of the declaration and are performing their own analyses. The edited document is expected to be somewhat less than 3,000 pages of narrative and will not include appendices that make up the bulk of the declaration. [.....] http://www.guardian.co.uk/international/story/0,3604,861884,00.html * GERMANY WAS 'KEY SUPPLIER' OF SADDAM SUPPLIER by John Hooper in Berlin and Suzanne Goldenberg in Washington The Guardian, 18th December Iraq has identified Germany as the country whose companies did most to help Baghdad in its drive to acquire weapons of mass destruction, said a German newspaper yesterday. The leftwing Berlin daily, die tageszeitung, said it had obtained a copy of part of the document handed by Baghdad to the UN earlier this month which supplied details of its weapons programmes. The extract included a list of foreign companies, of which more than half - 80 - were German. It was also said to contain the names of several private and state research laboratories as well as numerous individuals from Germany. Die tageszeitung said the list featured British companies, too, although it did not say how many or name them. It said there were 24 companies from the US - the second-highest tally. It was not clear which companies were claimed to have sold what and whether they had knowingly or unknowingly contributed to Saddam Hussein's search for weapons of mass destruction. Nor was it clear which sales to Iraq were said to have been made in violation of arms control sanctions imposed by Germany after 1980. Die tageszeitung's report nevertheless added an explosive new dimension to the crisis in German-US relations, stirred by Berlin's opposition to an American-led invasion. Citing sources close to Dick Cheney, the US vice-president, the report said that the Bush administration hoped to show that German companies were continuing to cooperate with Saddam Hussein's regime. US efforts were focussing on a German microelectronics firm about whose activities Berlin was apparently told about in 1999. Die tageszeitung said that some of the businesses listed had been dealing in conventional arms with Iraq until at least 2001. The report also blew apart an unwritten agreement between the UN, governments and industry that companies which contributed, wittingly or unwittingly, to Iraq's arms build-up should not be named. The UN weapons inspection mission in New York spent several days purging the Iraqi declaration of company names. Die tageszeitung cited 27 companies, including some of the best-known names in German industry such as Daimler-Benz (which merged with Chrysler of the US four years ago), MAN and Siemens. A spokesman for Siemens said: "We really do not want to comment." Representatives of Daimler-Chrysler and MAN agreed that their companies had had business ties with Iraq, but said they dated from a time when Iraq was an ally of the west. American companies named by die tageszeitung included Hewlett Packard, Honeywell, Rockwell, Bechtel, ICS and Unisys. In a dispatch from Geneva, the newspaper said the copy of the Iraqi report which it had obtained was made from the original handed over by the authorities in Baghdad and shipped to New York via Cyprus. One UN diplomat who had read the report said that the German correspondent must have at least seen parts of the Iraqi declaration, which was supposed to remain secret after it was handed over on December 7. Officially, only Iraq and the five permanent members of the security council have seen the 12,000-page declaration in its entirety. There were suspicions among UN diplomats of an American-inspired leak designed to embarrass Germany. "This is not news," the diplomat said. "One would guess that this is more mischievous than generally revealing." Mark Hibbs, Asia and Europe editor of Nucleonics Week, said: "If the Iraqis are still getting assistance, the last thing they are going to do is name the companies that are providing it." Iraq buried purchases related to its weapons programmes in larger, seemingly innocuous orders from suppliers. It spent vast sums during the 1980s in pursuit of such weapons, said an Iraqi scientist who worked in Baghdad's nuclear programme for 17 years. "What we are talking about is a $10bn expense over 10 years," said the scientist, who was in charge of procurement for the nuclear programme during the 1980s. "I would spend $10 just to get $1 of equipment that I needed." http://www.washtimes.com/world/20021218-14950566.htm * ARMS REPORT NAMES WESTERN SUPPLIERS by Dafna Linzer Washington Times, 18th December NEW YORK (AP): Dozens of suppliers, mostly in Europe, the United States and Japan, provided the components and know-how Saddam Hussein needed to build an atomic bomb, according to Iraq's 1996 accounting of its nuclear program. The secret declaration is virtually identical to the one submitted to U.N. inspectors Dec. 7, according to U.N. officials. The reports have not been made public to prevent nuclear know how from falling into the wrong hands and to protect the names of companies that wittingly or unwittingly supplied Iraq with the means to make nuclear weapons. U.N. officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity, said the only difference between the two reports is that the latest has a 300-page section in Arabic on civilian nuclear programs and a slightly larger typeface that stretches it to 2,100 pages. It has long been known that foreign companies helped Iraq, and some of them have been identified, but the Iraqi account is the most exhaustive list so far of companies involved. Iraq's report says the equipment was either sold or made by more than 30 German companies, 10 American firms, 11 British companies and a handful of Swiss, Japanese, Italian, French, Swedish and Brazilian firms. It says more than 30 countries supplied its nuclear program. It details nuclear efforts from the early 1980s to the Gulf war and contains diagrams, plans and test results in uranium enrichment, detonation, implosion testing and warhead construction. In one chapter, Iraq admits to having a pilot plan in September 1990 ‹ one month after it invaded Kuwait ‹ to increase the enrichment of recovered uranium to 93 percent using centrifuges. The process is a complicated extraction and purification method that at full scale requires thousands of connected, high-speed centrifuges. According to Iraq's report, the most detailed account of its former nuclear-weapons program, it was also pursuing electromagnetic isotope separation as another method to enrich uranium, the key ingredient for an atomic explosion. The Iraqis had everything they needed to make nuclear weapons, said Gary Milhollin, director of the Wisconsin Project, a Washington-based think tank on nuclear-arms control. "They weren't missing any components or any knowledge," he said in a phone interview. "It was simply a matter of time." Mr. Milhollin said that had it not been for the 1991 Gulf war, Iraq would have had nuclear weapons by now, thanks to hundreds of suppliers who sold it an impressive array of equipment and expertise, often with their governments' approval and without being aware of the ultimate purpose. According to the Iraqi account, induction and electron-beam furnaces, which could be used in shaping uranium parts for an atomic bomb, came from Consarc Corp. of Rancocas, N.J. The company says the items were never delivered, however. Newport of Irvine, Calif., is listed as a supplier of optical fiber, a product with uses ranging from communications to medical equipment. But the company said it doesn't carry the model listed in the declaration. EEV, based outside New York City, is listed as a supplier of a thyratron, which the company says is used in medical-imaging equipment. It could not immediately verify the sale of the item. Motorola was listed as the seller of fast photodetectors, but company spokeswoman Jennifer Weyrauch said she found no record to support the claim. "A photodetector product is not part of Motorola's current portfolio," she said. Most of the sales were legal and often made with the knowledge of governments. From 1985 to 1990, the Commerce Department, for example, licensed $1.5 billion in sales to Iraq of American technology with potential military uses. Iraq was then getting Western support for its war against Iran. http://atimes.com/atimes/Middle_East/DL19Ak04.html * IRAQ: THE COUNTDOWN BEGINS by Pepe Escobar Asia Times, 19th December After considerable haggling, 300 Iraqi opposition delegates gathered in London, under a US initiative, have released a political declaration vowing to create a "parliamentary, pluralist, federal" post-Saddam Hussein democratic state in Iraq. This ideal future Iraq will be "de Baathized": the ruling Baath party will be extinguished, and Iraq will in theory be a federal state protecting the rights of all its minorities. A so-called committee of 65 sages will guide the transition. Ahmed al-Bayati, a representative of the Supreme Council for the Islamic Revolution in Iraq, says that the committee is composed of 66 percent Arabs (33 percent Shi'ites and the other 33 percent "nationalists and democrats", whatever that means precisely), 25 percent Kurds, 6 percent Turkmen and 3 percent Assyrians. A few Islamist parties denounced the Shi'ite representation as a sham. Baghdad predictably prophesizes the "traitors" will rot in the dustbin of history. This Brave New World version of Iraq, duly validated by the US, may already be signed and sealed, but the question is to deliver. According to UN Resolution 1441, nothing substantial should happen before January 27, the date when the chiefs of both UN inspection agencies should come up with their first official impression on the existence of Iraqi weapons of mass destruction. Israel's Defense Ministry knows very well that Iraq has no nuclear weapons, has maybe a small chemical weapons cache, and has very few bacteriological heads, as well as extremely limited means to deliver them. Anthony Cordesman, an influential researcher at the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, wrote in a September report that "we don't have any means whatsoever to determine the lethality of Iraqi biological weapons ... Iraq cannot test such arms in a massive way ... We will only find out how dangerous Iraq is when it uses its arms". Or when it doesn't. There's a fragile consensus among diplomats at the UN in New York and also in Geneva that in theory nothing could happen before January 27 to force the inspectors to quit Iraq so the country could be attacked. The key word is fragile. The road from here to January 27 is a minefield. On Tuesday, December 17, the Iraqi declaration was delivered to the non-permanent members of the Security Council. This is an edited version, compared to the original (11,807 pages), a reading privilege of the five permanent Security Council members (US, Russia, China, France and Britain). Asia Times Online learned from different sources that this edited version is at least 3,000 pages shorter than the original. UN inspectors were the editors of the original text. But the changes were directed by the Big Five. Their logic rules: recipes to cook weapons of mass destruction should not fall into the wrong hands - meaning countries like Syria, Colombia or Norway. This Thursday, December 19, UN inspection mission chief Hans Blix and International Atomic Energy Agency director-general Mohammed Al-Baradei deliver to the Security Council their preliminary analysis of the Iraqi declaration. The world already knows what America thinks about it. Secretary of State Colin Powell said "there are problems with the declaration". The British were "disappointed". The Americans and British want to know about "holes". They want to know, for instance, what happened to 500 R-400 bombs filled with biological agents that the UN inspectors have been trying to locate for 10 years now. From now on, "holes" (an official American term referring to the declaration) like these are bound to deeply divide the Security Council. At the end of this week comes the word - the American final judgment on the declaration, after everyone has listened to the careful preliminary assessment by Hans Blix. But should Iraq be accused of omitting information, it is still not enough to accuse Saddam Hussein's regime of "material breach" - the code name for war. According to Resolution 1441, what is necessary is one omission plus lack of cooperation. So in this case, the inspections will accelerate - the inspectors are already visiting around 10 sites a day - to a situation where the emphasis will be on verifying bits and pieces of information. Enter the American-inspired concept of "commando inspections". But "commando inspections" will not be enough without crucial interviews abroad of Iraqi scientists. Hans Blix has already set a deadline of the end of December to receive the complete list of Iraqi scientists who worked or still work in the arms industry. But he is definitely not convinced that scientists' defections can be successfully staged - and that is exactly the reason why he is being so vilified by large sections of the American media. That's where another new idea from Washington pops in: to issue judicial convocations to the UN. It's one more clever mechanism to trap Iraq: either Saddam Hussein allows scientists requested by the UN to leave the country, or Iraq suffers the consequences. This coming Friday is the deadline set again by the US - and nobody else - to reach an agreement at the UN over the re-examination of the list of products Iraq has no right to import without authorization, as part of the humanitarian "oil for food" program. Asia Times Online confirmed on the ground months ago how everybody in Iraq - from ministers and professors to the man in the street - hates the oil for food program, widely accused of being an American tool to starve the general population. This negotiation about the new product list is absolutely crucial. Last week, the US presented to the other 14 countries at the Security Council a list of 36 new products that should be prohibited to Iraq. Asia Times Online has learned that the list contains products like antibiotics, hydraulic systems, radars to monitor the weather, flight simulators and small boats. The official deadline for the list to be reviewed is January 4. UN diplomats say off the record that the express purpose of this additional list is to weaken Iraq even more before the almost inevitable war. Finally, on January 1, the one-month rotating presidency of the UN Security Council shifts from Colombia to France. And this is the key reason why the US is positioning itself with magnum force before Christmas and New Year: France will refuse to bow under tremendous pressure, as Colombia did. But by all means Iraq continues to be encircled from all sides. Santa Claus is coming to Washington, but does not seem to be coming to Baghdad. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?artid=317 05622 * SYRIA TO RETURN SANITIZED IRAQI WEAPONS DECLARATION Times of India (from AP), 19th December UNITED NATIONS: Syria said it will return its sanitized version of Iraq's weapons declaration to the Security Council on Wednesday, insisting it is entitled to the 12,000-page uncensored copy the United States and other permanent members received. Syria and the nine other non-permanent members of the council finally got a chance to see an edited version of Iraq's weapons declaration, just ahead of Thursday's preliminary assessment of the document by the top U.N. inspectors. The five permanent members who are all nuclear powers - the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France - received the uncensored declaration of Iraqi President Saddam Hussein's nuclear, chemical, biological, and long-range missile programs over a week ago. The non-permanent members, who are elected for two-year terms, received edited copies with all information that could be used to build weapons of mass destruction removed. They got about 3,500 pages on Iraq's chemical, biological and missile programs and 2,000 pages on its nuclear program. Syria's U.N. Ambassador Mikhail Wehbe said the sanitized text violated Resolution 1441, which states the council should receive the declaration - not a censored document. To the surprise of many nations, Syria, the only Arab member of the council, joined in supporting the resolution, making the vote unanimous and giving it additional clout. Wehbe said giving the non-permanent members a censored document threatened council unity and the resolution's credibility. "Resolution 1441 is very clear," he said. "This declaration should be delivered to all countries. That's it." The return of the declaration would be mainly symbolic, since Syria picked up its copy Tuesday evening and could have copied it. Initially, the Security Council agreed that all 15 council members should receive a sanitized version. But the United States decided it wanted the entire uncensored version. Colombia's U.N. Ambassador Alfonso Valdivieso, the current council president, decided on Dec. 8 - when the declaration arrived in New York - to give the uncensored text to the five permanent members. The move angered several non-permanent members, including Syria, Mexico and Norway. [.....] http://news.ft.com/servlet/ContentServer?pagename=FT.com/WireFeed/WireFeed&c =WireFeed&cid=1034950767036&p=1014232938216 * SYRIA TO BOYCOTT U.N. TALKS Financial Times, 19th December DAMASCUS (Reuters) - Syria says it has instructed its representatives at the United Nations in New York to boycott Security Council talks on Iraq's arms declaration in protest against receiving an excised copy of the text. "The foreign ministry asked its permanent delegation in New York not to participate in the Security Council discussion regarding the Iraqi declaration on weapons of mass destruction after Syria returned yesterday the abridged copy," the official SANA news agency said on Thursday. Syria sent an excised copy of Iraq's arms declaration back to U.N. inspection commissions on Wednesday, saying it wanted the same uncensored 12,000-page version the five permanent Security Council members had received, after getting only about 3,500 pages. A U.N. resolution passed last month gave Baghdad until December 8 to declare any weapons of mass destruction it may possess and detail its weapons programmes. The United States has vowed to disarm Iraq by force unless it complied with the United Nations. Chief U.N. weapons inspector Hans Blix, in his first assessment of Iraq's weapons declaration, is expected to tell the Security Council on Thursday that Baghdad has left questions unanswered. "The Syrian Arab Republic announces that it will not be a party to the conclusions that will be reached in the Security Council since it has not looked at the full copy of the Iraqi declaration," SANA said. The council's five permanent members -- the United States, China, Russia, Britain and France -- obtained the full document more than a week ago. But the other 10 elected council members received a report with material deleted that could contribute to building weapons of mass destruction and the names of foreign companies that had helped Iraq build its arsenal. Syria's deputy U.N. ambassador, Fayssal Mekdad had been among the first 10 non permanent council members to collect the redacted version of the Iraqi document on Tuesday from the U.N. Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission and the International Atomic Energy Agency. On Wednesday, Syrian diplomats returned it. "This is an unacceptable discrimination," Mekdad told reporters at the time. "Either we take a full copy or we don't take anything." He said the decision made by the council president, Alfonso Valdivieso, Colombia's U.N. ambassador, at the request of the United States was "illegal and against the procedures of the council." "We want everybody to know we are unhappy with what happened," he said. http://newsobserver.com/24hour/story/681644p-5071620c.html * INSPECTORS SAY GAPS FOUND IN IRAQI WEAPONS REPORT by Edith M. Lederer News & Observer, 19th December UNITED NATIONS (AP) - Disappointed U.N. weapons inspectors reported Thursday that Iraq's new arms declaration contained inconsistencies and contradictions and didn't answer key questions about its nuclear, chemical and biological programs. The United States accused Baghdad of "omissions, evasions and untruths" and said that the declaration put Iraq in "material breach" of U.N. Security Council resolutions - a possible first step to war. Iraq's deputy U.N. Ambassador Mohammed Salmane dismissed the U.S. charges as "baseless." He said the Iraqi declaration was "complete and comprehensive" and could be verified on the ground by U.N. inspectors. Britain and France supported the inspectors' preliminary views on the declaration, but neither used Washington's diplomatically-loaded language. Russia's U.N. Ambassador Sergey Lavrov, Iraq's most important council ally, said pointedly that "it is not up to individual members to make this judgment" of material breach - but to the full 15-nation council on the basis of the weapons inspectors' reports. In a much awaited briefing, chief U.N. inspector Hans Blix and Mohamed ElBaradei, head of the U.N. nuclear control agency, confirmed earlier assessments by U.S. and British officials that the declaration mainly rehashed old reports. "An opportunity was missed in the declaration to give a lot of evidence," Blix said. "They can still provide it and I hope they provide it to us orally, but it would have been better if it had been in the declaration." ElBaradei said they would go back to Iraq in search of information. "We will clearly ask a lot of questions. We will expect that we will get answers and hopefully additional evidence." The Security Council asked the inspectors to give an updated report in early January. In his first appraisal, Blix noted that Iraq continued to maintain it had no weapons programs "and that none have been designed, procured, produced or stored," since the last inspections regime ended four years ago. "While individual governments have stated that they have convincing evidence to the contrary," Blix said, inspectors are currently not in a position "to confirm Iraq's statements, nor in possession of evidence to disprove it." In preparing its declaration, Iraq had a list of outstanding questions from inspectors. Blix reported that many of those questions remain unanswered. He noted inconsistencies in Iraq's biological declaration. For example, the declaration did not include a 1999 list of Baghdad's purchases of material used to grow biological warfare agents including anthrax, he said. Iraq also didn't provide sufficient information about its production of "training" missile engines, 50 conventional warheads it claims were destroyed but haven't been recovered, 550 mustard gas shells declared lost after the 1991 Gulf War, production and weaponization of the deadly VX nerve agent, and its unilateral destruction of biological warfare agents, he said. He pointed to new information in the declaration that needs to be investigated. Iraq declared that it had repaired chemical equipment destroyed by inspectors in the 1990s and was testing a new version of its al-Samoud missile that in test flights had exceeded the range permitted under U.N. resolutions, Blix said. In a few cases, Blix said, "there is information in our possession that would appear to contradict Iraq's account." He pointed to Iraq's reporting of its destruction of anthrax supplies from 1988-1991, which he said "may not be accurate." Iraq declared earlier that it produced 2,210 gallons of anthrax, but inspectors have estimated it could have been as much as 6,240 gallons. Baghdad hasn't accounted for the destruction of everything that was produced, he said. Blix cited some new material in the report: a further account of precursors for chemical warfare agents, reports of new missile engines and guidance systems that need to be investigated, and a recently provided Air Force document on chemical munitions used in the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq war that could resolve some questions about chemical weapons. Iraq also provided information on a short-range rocket manufactured using 81 mm aluminum tubes. He said the information wasn't new, but could be relevant to recent reports of Iraq importing aluminum tubing. After a comparison of the new declaration with Iraq's old reports, ElBaradei said IAEA inspectors had determined that it contains "numerous clarifications" but no new documents on key areas identified in previous IAEA reports, "particularly weapons design or centrifuge development." "The key outstanding issue for the IAEA is the accuracy and completeness of Iraq's declaration that there have been no material changes in its nuclear program since 1998 and that its nuclear activities have been limited to the non-proscribed use of radioisotopes," he said. Radioisotopes are radioactive versions of elements. http://news.scotsman.com/international.cfm?id=1415702002 * THE 'GAPS' IN IRAQ'S DOSSIER The Scotsman, 20th December SOON after Colin Powell, the US secretary of state, spoke yesterday, the United States released a list of alleged gaps in Iraq's declaration of weapons of mass destruction to the United Nations. The state department fact sheet said the declaration fell short on the following counts: It does not account for at least 4,752lb of biological growth media identified by UNSCOM, the UN inspection commission which worked in Iraq until 1998. The fact sheet said this growth media could have produced 6,760 gallons of anthrax, three times the amount Iraq declared, 312 gallons of botulinum toxin and 1,430 gallons of clostridium perfrigens, 16 times the amount Iraq declared. But the fact sheet did not say the US had evidence Iraq ever used the growth media in this way. Iraq has disclosed manufacturing new fuels suited only to a class of missile to which it does not admit. The US does not believe that a "larger diameter missile" that Iraq has flight-tested falls within the range limit of 94 miles set by the United Nations. It does not provide additional and credible information about production of the nerve agent VX, as UNSCOM and international inspectors requested in 1999. The declaration ignores alleged Iraqi efforts to procure uranium from Niger. It does not provide credible evidence that 550 artillery shells filled with mustard gas and 400 aerial bombs capable of delivering biological weapons had been lost or destroyed. It does not adequately account for hundreds, possibly thousands, of tons of chemical precursors. It does not adequately account for nearly 30,000 empty munitions that could be filled with chemical agents. Iraq denies any connection between programmes to make unmanned aerial vehicles and dispersal of any chemical or biological agents. But Iraq admitted in 1995 that a MiG-21 remote-piloted vehicle tested in 1991 was to carry a biological weapon spray system. The declaration provides no information about Iraq's mobile biological weapon agent facilities. Instead, it insists that these are "refrigeration vehicles and food testing laboratories". The fact sheet said: "None of these holes and gaps in Iraq's declaration are mere accidents, editing oversights or technical mistakes: they are material omissions." http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,3-519368,00.html * PAKISTANI SCIENTIST 'OFFERED SADDAM NUCLEAR DESIGNS' by James Bone in New York The Times, 20th December A PAKISTANI scientist approached Iraq soon after the 1990 invasion of Kuwait to offer nuclear weapon designs and help in procuring bomb components, according to a document found by United Nations weapons inspectors. The revelation, which provoked an inconclusive inquiry by inspectors, has raised new concerns about Pakistan's role in the proliferation of nuclear technology. It follows allegations that Pakistan helped North Korea to develop a nuclear bomb and that Pakistani nuclear scientists met Osama bin Laden and the Taleban leader, Mullah Muhammad Omar, in Afghanistan. The offer by the Pakistani scientist, found in Iraqi archives, was made in October 1990 as a US-led coalition prepared to repel the August invasion of Kuwait. Iraq had already embarked on a crash programme to develop a nuclear bomb, but told the UN it had not pursued the scientist's offer ‹ a claim UN investigators are inclined to believe. The document revealing the contact between the scientist and Iraq is referred to twice in the Iraqi declaration of its nuclear capability, which The Times has obtained. The file first came to the attention of UN weapons inspectors after the 1995 defection of President Saddam Hussein's son-in-law, General Hussein Kamel, who was in charge of Iraq's secret weapons programmes. After he defected to Jordan, Iraqi officials led UN inspectors to a cache of 1.5 million pages of documents hidden in packing crates at General Kamel's chicken farm in Iraq, the Haider House Farm, in an apparent effort to get rid of incriminating evidence that they assumed he would provide to Western intelligence. Among them was a file of correspondence between Iraq's Mukhabarat secret service and Department 3000 of the Iraqi Atomic Energy Commission (IAEC), a secret Iraqi nuclear programme that was codenamed Petro-Chemical 3. "Included was a few pages relating to an approach made by a foreign national who offered assistance, for financial reward, in nuclear weapon design and in the procurement of material that may be required," Iraq's declaration says. "The Iraqi team pointed out to the International Atomic Energy Agency Action Team (IAEA AT) that no external assistance was received by the former Iraqi nuclear programme, other than that already declared to the (team) and is documented." A source familiar with the case said that the document identified the scientist as a Pakistani. The handwritten paper seems to be a record of a meeting between him and an Iraqi contact. "He made the unsolicited offer to a contact of the Mukhabarat procurement network and there was a communication between the Mukhabarat and Department 3000, where IAEC procurement was handled," the source said. The document triggered an investigation by UN nuclear inspectors, who approached Pakistan. Islamabad told them it could not identify the scientist, but some UN Security Council diplomats suspect that Pakistan does know who it is. Inspectors thought that the matter was important enough to brief the five permanent members of the Security Council ‹ Britain, China, France, Russia and the United States ‹ on their 1997 inquiry. Evidence of contact between a Pakistani scientist and Iraq will only fuel fears that Pakistan is willing to share its technology with so-called "rogue nations". The US suspects Pakistan of having supplied North Korea with gas centrifuge technology to make weapons-grade uranium for its nuclear bomb in 1997/98. http://newsobserver.com/24hour/story/681644p-5076078c.html * TEXT OF COLIN POWELL'S REMARKS ON IRAQ News & Observer, 20th December (AP) - Remarks by Secretary of State Colin Powell on Thursday declaring that Iraq's arms declaration fails to meet a U.N. Security Council resolution, as transcribed by eMediaMillWorks Inc.: The United Nations Security Council responded to the challenge issued by President Bush in his 12 September speech to the United Nations General Assembly. On that day, the Security Council unanimously passed Resolution 1441 requiring Iraq to disarm itself of its weapons of mass destruction and to disclose all of its nuclear, chemical, biological and missile programs. Resolution 1441 was the latest in a long string of Security Council resolution since Iraq's invasion of Kuwait. Previous resolutions, which included requirements to disarm and to end the cruel repression of the Iraqi people, have all been defied or ignored by Iraq. Resolution 1441 recognized that Iraq, quote, "has been and remains in material breach of its obligations," unquote, but gave the Iraqi regime, quote again, "a final opportunity to comply with its disarmament obligations." Iraq's answer came on December 7 in a 12,200-page document submitted to the Security Council. Resolution 1441 required Iraq to submit a declaration on all its mass weapons programs of destruction, a declaration that was currently accurate, full and complete, in the words of the resolution. The inspectors told the Security Council this morning that the declaration fails to answer many open questions. They said that in some cases they even have information that directly contradicts Iraq's account. Our experts have also examined the Iraqi document. The declaration's title echoes the language of Resolution 1441. It is called "Currently Accurate, Full and Complete Declaration." But our experts have found it to be anything but currently accurate, full or complete. The Iraqi declaration may use the language of Resolution 1441, but it totally fails to meet the resolution's requirements. The inspectors said that Iraq has failed to provide new information. We agree. Indeed, thousands of the document's pages are merely a resubmission of material it gave the United Nations years ago, material that the U.N. has already determined was incomplete. Other sections of the Iraqi declaration consist of long passages copied from reports written by the United Nations and the International Atomic Energy Agency. The only changes the Iraqi regime made were to remove references critical to its own conduct. The declaration totally fails to address what we had learned about Iraq's prohibited weapons programs before the inspectors were effectively forced out in 1998. And let me just touch on a few examples, and we'll be giving out a fact sheet later with additional examples. Before the inspectors were forced to leave Iraq, they concluded that Iraq could have produced 26,000 liters of anthrax. That is three times the amount Iraq had declared. Yet the Iraqi declaration is silent on this stockpile, which alone would be enough to kill several million people. The regime also admitted that it had manufactured 19,180 liters of a biological agent called botulinum toxin. The U.N. inspectors later determined that the Iraqis could have produced 38,360 additional liters. However, once again, the Iraqi declaration is silent on these missing supplies. The Iraqi declaration also says nothing about the uncounted, unaccounted precursors from which Iraq could have produced up to 500 tons of mustard gas, sarin gas and VX nerve gas. Nor does the declaration address questions that have arisen since the inspectors left in 1998. For example, we know that in the late 1990s, Iraq built mobile biological weapons production units. Yet the declaration tries to wave this away, mentioning only mobile refrigeration vehicles and food testing laboratories. We also know that Iraq has tried to obtain high strength aluminum tubes, which can be used to enrich uranium in centrifuges for a nuclear weapons program. The Iraqi regime is required by Resolution 1441 to report those attempts. Iraq, however, has failed to provide adequate information about the procurement and use of these tubes. Most brazenly of all, the Iraqi declaration denies the existence of any prohibited weapons programs at all. The United States, the United Nations and the world waited for this declaration from Iraq, but Iraq's response is a catalogue of recycled information and flagrant omissions. It should be obvious that the pattern of systematic holes and gaps in Iraq's declaration is not the result of accidents or editing oversights or technical mistakes. These are material omissions that, in our view, constitute another material breach. We are disappointed, but we are not deceived. This declaration is consistent with the Iraqi regime's past practices. We have seen this game again and again; an attempt to sow confusion to buy time, hoping the world will lose interest. This time the game is not working. This time the international community is concentrating its attention and increasing its resolve as the true nature of the Iraqi regime is revealed again. On the basis of this declaration, on the basis of the evidence before us, our path for the coming weeks is clear. First, we must continue to audit and examine the Iraqi declaration to understand the full extent of Iraq's failure to meet its disclosure obligations. Second, the inspections should give high priority to conducting interviews with scientists and other witnesses outside of Iraq where they can speak freely. Under the terms of Resolution 1441, Iraq is obligated - it is their obligation to make such witnesses available to the inspectors. Third, the inspectors should intensify their efforts inside Iraq. The United States, and I hope other council members, will provide the inspectors with every possible assistance, all the support they need to succeed in their crucial mission. Given the gravity of the situation, we look forward to frequent reports from Dr. Blix and Dr. ElBaradei. Finally, we will continue to consult with our friends, with our allies and with all members of the Security Council on how to compel compliance by Iraq with the will of the international community. But let there be no misunderstanding. As Ambassador John Negroponte said earlier today, Saddam Hussein has so far responded to this final opportunity with a new lie. The burden remains on Iraq - not on the United Nations, not on the United States - the burden remains on Iraq to cooperate fully and for Iraq to prove to the international community whether it does or does not have weapons of mass destruction. We are convinced they do until they prove to us otherwise. Resolution 1441 calls for serious consequences for Iraq if it does not comply with the terms of the resolution. Iraq's noncompliance and defiance of the international community has brought it closer to the day when it will have to face these consequences. The world is still waiting for Iraq to comply with its obligations. The world will not wait forever. Security Council Resolution 1441 will be carried out in full. Iraq can no longer be allowed to threaten its people and its region with weapons of mass destruction. It is still up to Iraq to determine how its disarmament will happen. Unfortunately, this declaration fails totally to move us in the direction of a peaceful solution. POLICING THE BLOCKADE http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?artid=313 44772 * US, BRITISH PLANES HIT CIVILIAN SITES IN IRAQ Times of India (from AFP), 15th December BAGHDAD: British and US warplanes struck civilian sites in southern Iraq on Saturday, the official INA agency quoted an Iraqi military spokesman as saying. "Enemy warplanes bombed civilian installations in the Wasset, Missan and Zi Qar provinces before fleeing towards their bases in Kuwait under anti-aircraft and missile fire," the spokesman said. In Washington, the US Central Command said US and British planes patrolling southern no fly zones had struck three military targets after its aircraft were threatened. Iraq does not recognise the northern and southern air exclusion zones, which have been enforced since the end of the 1991 Gulf War without being explicitly sanctioned by any UN resolution. It has also accused the US administration of seeking to use Security Council Resolution 1441, under which arms inspections resumed in Iraq last week, as a cover for attack by claiming that Iraqi firing on coalition aircraft might put Baghdad in material breach of the resolution. Almost daily incidents currently oppose Iraqi forces and allied planes in the country's north and south. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?artid=313 35699 * COALITION PLANES STRIKE TARGETS IN IRAQ Times of India (from AFP), 16th December WASHINGTON: Warplanes from the US-British coalition have struck targets in southern Iraq for a second day in a row, after encountering hostile fire during one of their patrol missions, the US Central Command said. It said the fighter jets used precision-guided munitions to hit an Iraqi mobile radar and cable repeater sites located near the cities of An Nasiriyah, approximately 160 km southeast of Baghdad, and Basra. The strikes occurred at approximately 1500 hrs IST, and military experts were still assessing the damage, the command said. "Coalition strikes in the no-fly zones are executed as a self-defence measure in response to Iraqi hostile threats and acts against coalition forces and their aircraft," the command stated. "The coalition executed today's strike after Iraqi surface-to-air artillery fired on coalition aircraft and the presence of the mobile radar in the southern NFZ." In Baghdad, the official Iraqi news agency INA quoted an unnamed military spokesman as saying the allied planes bombed "civilian installations" in the southern Zi Qar and Wasset provinces. But the Central Command argued that US and British aircraft "never target civilian populations or infrastructure and go to painstaking lengths to avoid injury to civilians and damage to civilian facilities." On Saturday, coalition planes hit the Iraqi bases near Al Kut, Qal'at Sukkar and Al Amarah located in the southern no-fly zone. http://asia.reuters.com/news_article.jhtml;jsessionid=HVPMXRSZYDJCGCRBAEZSFF A?type=topnews&StoryID=1915706 * WESTERN JETS ATTACK SOUTHERN IRAQ AIR DEFENCES by Charles Aldinger Reuters, 17th December WASHINGTON: American and British warplanes attacked air defences in southern Iraq for the third successive day on Monday in response to attempts to shoot down the planes policing a "no-fly" zone, the U.S. military said. In Baghdad, an Iraqi military spokesman, quoted by the Iraqi News Agency, said U.S. and British planes attacked civilian installations in the southern province of Dhi Qar. Iraqi anti aircraft and missile batteries fired back. The Iraqi spokesman said the planes carried out 67 sorties from bases in Kuwait and flew over the southern cities of Nasiriya, Kut, al Salman, Qalat Suker, Qurna, Kerbala and Qalat Saleh. He said the sorties started at 11 a.m. (3:00 a.m. EST/0800 GMT). The U.S. Central Command said in a release from its headquarters in Tampa, Florida, that the planes dropped precision bombs on a military communications site south of Al Kut, approximately 160 kms southeast of Baghdad. Sunday Western aircraft also attacked an Iraqi mobile radar and a cable relay communications target in the southern no-fly zone, the Central Command said. Saturday, warplanes hit multiple communications facilities. The Central Command also said that Western warplanes dropped 480,000 leaflets at six areas in southern Iraq on Monday, warning the military to stop targeting aircraft and repairing previously bombed targets such as fiber-optic cable communications facilities. It was the seventh such drop of hundreds of thousands of Arabic language warning leaflets at sites in the southern no-fly zone in the last three months. Monday's bombing attack occurred shortly before 2 p.m. Iraq time (6 a.m. EST/1100 GMT), the command said. [.....] http://www.thestate.com/mld/thestate/news/world/4759229.htm * U.S. NAVY SAYS UAE FIRM SMUGGLING CHEMICALS TO IRAQ by Stefano Ambrogi The State, from Reuters, 17th December LONDON - The U.S. Navy's Fifth Fleet accused a Dubai-based ferry operator Tuesday of breaking U.N. sanctions by smuggling banned chemicals into Iraq that it said could be used to make high-grade explosives. It said the industrial-grade alcohol and polymers, which can also be used for industrial cleaning agents and cosmetics, could also be used to manufacture chemical weapons agents. Naif Marine Services had been caught shipping the chemicals aboard ferries it operates into Umm Qasr, close to the Kuwaiti border in recent months, said Fifth Fleet public affairs officer Lt. Garret Kaspar. "In the wrong hands, quantity aside, they can be used to make a bomb," Kaspar said, speaking from fleet headquarters in Bahrain. He said the company was on an "unofficial list" of some 10 firms that had violated U.N. sanctions and that were being watched closely. "Without getting into intelligence gathering, this company is one of the agencies that has been shipping banned chemical substances into Iraq -- they are blatantly being shipped," he told Reuters from Bahrain. He said the ferries, which operate a regular service between Dubai and Iraq, had been routinely boarded and searched and found to be carrying banned chemicals in 50-gallon drums which did not have official U.N. approval or documentation. Under U.N. rules a manifest specifying goods to be transported must also carry a letter of approval. "These goods were transported to Iraq without official documentation. They are prohibited under U.N. sanctions," he said. He said the navy had photographic evidence and other intelligence about the shipments which he said were conclusive. Kaspar said he could not comment on the quantity that had been stopped from getting into Iraq or on the volume that had been smuggled through. He said the firm had been publicly named by Vice Admiral Timothy Keating, commander of Naval Forces Central Command and the Fifth Fleet, at a Maritime Liaison Office industry conference in Dubai last Wednesday. "When a three-star admiral stands up and names a company among its peers I think it is clear the evidence he has speaks for itself," Kaspar said. Michael Nye, general manager of Naif Marine Services, a private company registered in the United Arab Emirates, said it was aware of the navy's allegations and of Keating's remarks. "I have heard about the statement made by (Vice) Admiral Keating but I haven't seen it in writing and until we get this written confirmation we are not prepared to make a comment at this time," he said, speaking to Reuters from Dubai Tuesday. Nye said he had written to the Navy for clarification on the issue but had not received a reply. Charles Garth-Whitty of the London-based Royal United Services Institute for Defense Studies said the by-passing of official channels looked "highly suspicious" but said there might be understandable reason, such as cutting down on red tape. "With dual-use items the fact that they have by-passed the system is wrong but it could be understandable if there are long delays," he said. He said approval had to go through the U.N. Sanctions Committee and that could take up to seven months. "Prior to the Gulf War there were some pretty clever routes for equipment into Iraq -- so it comes as no surprise. But the problem with a lot of these chemicals is they do have dual use," said Garth-Whitty, who served as chief inspector of Iraq's chemical weapons destruction program in 1992. Naif Marine has been operating three ferries, Jebel Ali-1, 2 and 3, out of Dubai to Umm Qasr up to three times a week. The service, which began in 1998, was approved by the U.N. Sanctions Committee. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?artid=316 03541 * IRAQ OPENS FIRE ON US, UK WARPLANES: BAGHDAD Times of India (from AFP), 18th December BAGHDAD: Iraq's anti-aircraft defences opened fire on Tuesday on US and British warplanes in its southern airspace, an Iraqi military spokesman said. "Our heroic missile forces and brave ground-to-air defences confronted" the planes that returned to their bases in Kuwait, an air defence command spokesman told the official INA news agency. He said US and British planes carried out 24 sorties over southern Iraq on Tuesday. On Sunday, Foreign Minister Naji Sabri accused Britain and the United States of waging an "undeclared war" on Iraq, in a letter to UN Secretary General Kofi Annan. Sabri also attacked Kuwait for hosting coalition aircraft which patrol a no-fly zone over southern Iraq. Baghdad has long opposed the air-exclusion zones which the two Western allies enforce over southern and northern Iraq since the 1991 Gulf War without the sanction of a specific UN resolution. The patrols have resulted in almost daily clashes with Iraqi air defences. http://asia.reuters.com/news_article.jhtml;jsessionid=GFZPTHDKWPKRICRBAE0CFF A?type=worldnews&StoryID=1931661 * WESTERN JETS FIRE ON SOUTHERN IRAQ AIR DEFENCES Reuters, 19th December WASHINGTON: Warplanes from a U.S.-British operation patrolling southern Iraq fired on air defences in southern Iraq on Wednesday after Iraqi forces moved a mobile radar system into a "no-fly" zone, the U.S. military said. An Iraqi military spokesman in Baghdad, quoted by the Iraqi News Agency, said U.S. and British planes attacked civilian installations in the southern province of Wasit. Iraqi anti- aircraft and missile batteries fired back. The Iraqi spokesman said the planes carried out four sorties from bases in Kuwait and flew over the southern cities of al- Shatra, al-Kut, Qalat Suker, al-Hay and Nu'maniya. He said the sorties started at 11:55 a.m. (0855 GMT). It was the fourth attack in five days by planes monitoring the zone and coincided with a U.S. military build-up in the region in case of possible war against Iraq to eliminate banned weapons programmes. The U.S. Central Command, in a statement released from its headquarters in Tampa, Florida, said the planes used precision-guided weapons to target an Iraqi military air defence radar site located south of al-Kut, about 100 miles (160 km) southeast of Baghdad. Central Command said the strike occurred at about 12:30 p.m. (0930 GMT). It did not say specifically whether American or British planes were engaged in the strike. [.....] http://biz.yahoo.com/rm/021219/iraq_sanctions_1.html * WESTERN PATROLS CHOKE OFF TRADE IN ILLEGAL IRAQ OIL by Peter Graff Yahoo, 19th December ON BOARD HMS CARDIFF, Dec 19 (Reuters) - Ramping up military pressure on Baghdad, British Royal Marine commandos are working deep in Iraqi territorial waters to enforce U.N. trade sanctions and choke off illegal oil exports. The British marines rotate this duty around the clock with Australian sailors and U.S. Coast Guard paramilitary patrols. The patrols are part of an overhauled sanctions interdiction effort to stop the trade of what was once millions of barrels of oil illegally exported outside the U.N. oil-for-food programme. At some point over the last year, the United States and its allies quietly decided to ignore Iraq's sea border and drive their sanctions-busting patrols deep into Iraqi territory. HMS Cardiff is at the sharp end of the enforcement effort. "Dhow activity at buoy nine," said an officer's voice in the darkness on the bridge of the guided-missile cruiser this week. "We suspect a cargo breakout and are sending the boats." A team of heavily armed Royal Marine commandos boards two inflatable speedboats and zoom off into the night. "Buoy nine" is a marker at the mouth of the Khor Abd Allah, the wide, shallow estuary formed as the great rivers of Iraq spill across salt marshes into the Gulf. It is deep within Iraqi territorial waters. "We go just about as far up the estuary as we can," says the Cardiff's Captain Tim Fraser. The change in enforcement tactics, which would probably be seen as illegal by some members of the U.N. Security Council, was never formally announced and has not been widely reported. "We just got smarter, I guess," a U.S. navy spokesman said by telephone from fleet headquarters in Bahrain. The United States and its allies say they believe Security Council resolutions have always given them the right to operate in Iraqi waters without asking permission. But until this year, they did not do so. Before, Western ships hunting sanction-busters waited until their targets sailed into international waters. Smugglers could escape by slipping past or by veering into Iranian waters and sailing along the coast. Year after year, ships carrying millions of barrels slipped through, earning vast illegal revenues for smugglers and for the Iraqi authorities. Now, with Western destroyers and frigates in Iraqi waters south of the estuary and their patrol boats driving straight up to the estuary mouth, the patrols' success rate is almost total. The only ships that try to get through without proper U.N. documents are small, wooden hulled dhows which make the run unlit at night. Western naval officials say by October, Iraq had all but stopped loading illegal oil at estuary terminals, accepting that the illegal trade was finished. There is little Iraq can do about the new intrusions. Its navy consists of a handful of lightly armed patrol boats, which steer clear of the Western forces working in its territory. "They haven't given us any trouble. They keep to themselves," says Captain Chris Samuel, 26-year-old head of the Cardiff's eight-man Royal Marine commando squad. _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk