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[casi] Common Myths in Iraq Coverage

An issue as serious as the Iraq crisis deserves the highest possible degree
of accuracy from the press.  U.S. media coverage, however, is  marked by
frequent misstatements and distortions of reality-- some of  which have been
made repeatedly, even after being pointed out by critics.

Here are a few examples of commonly repeated errors:

1. "But as U.N. weapons inspectors prepare to return to Iraq for the first
time since Saddam kicked them out in 1998, the U.S. faces a delicate
balancing act: transforming the international consensus for disarmament
into a consensus for war." --Randall Pinkston, CBS Evening News (11/9/02).

One of the most common media errors on Iraq is the claim that the U.N.
weapons inspectors left Iraq in 1998 because they were "kicked out" or
"expelled" ( ).  The
inspectors, led by Richard Butler, actually left voluntarily, knowing thata
U.S. bombing campaign was imminent.  This was reported accurately
throughout the U.S. press at the time: "Butler ordered his inspectors to
evacuate Baghdad, in anticipation of a military attack, on Tuesday night"
(Washington Post, 12/18/98).

2. "The last weapons inspectors were pulled out of Iraq nearly four years
ago. Baghdad charged that there were spies on the team, and the United
States complained that Iraq was using the accusation as an excuse to
bstruct the inspectors.  After the team withdrew, the U.S. and Britain
waged a four-day bombing campaign." --L.A. Times (11/19/02)

Treating the use of the U.N. weapons inspection team for espionage as a
mere Iraqi allegation might be referred to as "Saddam Says" reporting.  In
fact, reports of the misuse of the inspectors for spying were made in  early
1999 by some of the leading U.S. newspapers, sourced to U.S. and  U.N.
officials (FAIR Action Alert, 9/24/02; ).  These papers reported
as fact that "American spies had worked undercover on teams of United
Nations arms inspectors" (New York Times, 1/7/99) in order to "eavesdrop  on
the Iraqi military without the knowledge of the U.N. agency"  (Washington
Post, 3/2/99) as part of "an ambitious spying operation  designed to
penetrate Iraq's intelligence apparatus and track the movement  of Iraqi
leader Saddam Hussein" (Boston Globe, 1/6/99).

3. "Many [in Iraq], of course, are bitter over the 12-year-long
U.S.-supported embargo, which Baghdad claims has led to thousands of
infants and elderly people dying from preventable diseases." --Time

The topic of sanctions is also often covered in a "Saddam Says" fashion.
In fact, there are detailed reports on the deadly effects of sanctions  that
come from respected international health organizations and public health
experts, not from the Iraqi government.  For example, UNICEF  published a
report in August 1999 that found that sanctions against Iraq  had
contributed to the deaths of 500,000 children under five.  Richard
Garfield, a public health specialist at Columbia University, estimates  that
350,000 children have died as a result of sanctions and the lingering
effects of the 1991 Gulf War (The Nation, 12/6/01; ).  To describe a
death toll in this range as "thousands" is like saying that "dozens" of
people died in the World Trade Center attacks.

4. "The Pentagon also points out, the Bush administration also points out
very, very strongly, that the Iraqi regime itself is to blame for all of
these problems.  If they simply complied with U.N. Security Council
resolutions and disarm, there would be no sanctions, there would be no
problem getting medical supplies, doctor, pediatricians, to all parts of
Iraq." --Wolf Blitzer, CNN (11/7/02)

It's not at all clear that sanctions against Iraq would automatically be
lifted if the country disarmed; President George Bush the elder declared  in
1991, shortly after the sanctions were imposed, "My view is we don't want to
lift these sanctions as long as Saddam Hussein is in power."  His  secretary
of state James Baker concurred: "We are not interested in seeing  a
relaxation of sanctions as long as Saddam Hussein is in power."

President Clinton made a point of saying that his policy toward Iraq was
exactly the same as his predecessor's.  His secretary of state Madeleine
Albright stated in her first major foreign policy address in 1997: "We do
not agree with the nations who argue that if Iraq complies with its
obligations concerning weapons of mass destruction, sanctions should be
lifted. Our view, which is unshakable, is that Iraq must prove its  peaceful
intentions.... And the evidence is overwhelming that Saddam  Hussein's
intentions will never be peaceful." (See Institute for Public  Accuracy,
11/13/98; . )

ACTION: When you see these mistakes being repeated, please contact the
media outlet and ask that the record be corrected.  Contact info for
leading U.S. news outlets can be found at .

The outlets mentioned above may be contacted at:

   CBS Evening News:

   Los Angeles Times:


   CNN, "Wolf Blitzer Reports":

~Anai Rhoads

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