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[casi] what should be done re: current situation

Dear Anai, The Peace Movement must continue its difficult work to stop
Bush's push for war on Iraq, as well as in Colombia and elsewhere. The
immediate focus must continue to be Iraq. Lately, the situation has worsened
in terms of Bush winning in his efforts to expand US control globally, by
gaining momentum both internationally (the security council and the behind
the scenes negotiations re: oil), and domestically with control of the US
House and Senate.The efforts to avert war and to end sanctions have been a
difficult road from the beginning in any case. We knew this when we first
began this struggle. Our combined voices our our strength. Daniel.

>From: "Anai Rhoads" <>
>Subject: [casi] UN Approves New Resolution Ordering Iraq to Disarm
>Date: Fri, 08 Nov 2002 11:05:15 -0500
>Dear list,
>What is the next step now?
>UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The U.N. Security Council on Friday unanimously
>approved a tough U.S.-sponsored resolution giving Iraq one last chance to
>disarm or face the consequences and ordering President Saddam Hussein (news
>- web sites) to accept its terms within a week.
>Even Syria, which had signaled it would not vote in favor, joined the other
>council members for the 15-0 vote.
>"I urge the Iraqi leadership for the sake of its own people and for the
>of world security and world order to seize this opportunity and thereby
>begin to end the isolation and suffering of the Iraqi people," U.N.
>Secretary-General Kofi Annan (news - web sites) told the council.
>The vote came after two months of arduous negotiations around the world
>among nations, especially France and Russia, who feared the resolution
>automatically trigger war.
>The new measure still leaves Washington free to attack Iraq without a
>second U.N. resolution authorizing the use of force. But it requires the
>Security Council to assess any serious violation that could lead to war.
>The resolution, co-sponsored by Britain, gives U.N. arms inspectors, who
>have been out of Iraq for four years, "immediate, unimpeded and
>unconditional" rights to search anywhere for weapons of mass destruction,
>including Saddam's presidential compounds.
>It directs Iraq to accept the terms of the resolution in seven days, and
>within 30 days make an "accurate full and complete" declaration of its
>nuclear, chemical, biological and ballistic weapons as well as related
>materials used in civilian industries.
>The resolution threatens Iraq with "serious consequences" if it does not
>take advantage of "a final opportunity" to cooperate.
>President Bush (news - web sites) expressed pleasure over the outcome of
>challenge to the United Nations (news - web sites) General Assembly on
>12 when he told the world body to get tough with Iraq or the United States
>would act alone.
>"When this resolution passes, I will be able to say that the United Nations
>has recognized the threat and now we're going to work together and disarm
>him," Bush said on Thursday.
>Support from France and Russia was nearly jeopardized earlier this week
>the United States introduced its third and final draft. It added a phrase
>that France, Russia and others believed gave Washington a "hidden trigger"
>for war under the guise of U.N. Security Council approval.
>But a breakthrough came on Thursday, following a telephone conversation
>between Bush and French President Jacques Chirac that adjusted language in
>the text.
>The most explosive provision is paragraph 4, which decides that "false
>statements or omissions" and other non-cooperation by Iraq constitute a
>"further material breach" of Baghdad's obligations -- wording that would
>allow a military attack.
>France won agreement that U.N. arms inspectors have to report any serious
>violations to the Security Council, which would have to convene and
>the complaint before any military action could begin. But the new
>does not demand the council authorize the use of force.
>U.S. and British diplomats emphasized repeatedly that the resolution was
>a blueprint for war but a way to avoid it.
>Yet, with American troops being sent to the Gulf, few doubt there will be a
>war, despite opposition to a military strike in most countries in the
>Iraq, however, had no doubts about the intent of the resolution. "The main
>issue is how the Americans would use that resolution for their own
>purposes," Iraqi U.N. ambassador, Mohammed Aldouri, told Reuters. "We find
>the whole resolution constitutes a trigger to wage war against my country."
>The U.N. arms inspectors have up to 45 days to begin work and another 60
>days to report to the council on what they have uncovered. But they are
>obligated to report any obstructions by Iraq immediately.
>Hans Blix, the chief U.N. weapons inspector, expects to have an advance
>in Baghdad to prepare for inspections within 10 days. About a dozen
>inspectors are to arrive a week later. He said a strong resolution that
>would have the support of all council members "strengthens our hand."
>A large part of the negotiations on the resolution were conducted by
>Secretary of State Colin Powell (news - web sites) in telephone talks with
>the foreign ministers of Britain, France, Russia and China.
>British Foreign Secretary Jack Straw, by his own count, spoke to Powell
>about 25 times in the past 12 days.
>- - - -
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