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Resolution 688, cited by the US and UK as the resolution that the no-fly zones enforce, has the following Characteristics: 1. It was not adopted under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, nor did it invoke any previous SC resolutions against Iraq. It is therefore safe to conclude that the members of the SC did not consider the situation a threat to world peace and security related to Iraq's occupation of Kuwait. 2. Resolution 688 was adopted under Article 2, paragraph 7, of the Charter of the United Nations. Article 2, paragraph 7 of the Charter of the UN states the following: " Nothing contained in the present Charter shall authorize the United Nations to intervene in matters which are essentially within the domestic jurisdiction of any state or shall require the Members to submit such matters to settlement under the present Charter; but this principle shall not prejudice the application of enforcement measures under Chapter Vll." 3. China abstained from voting on this resolution, which brings us back to the same controversy of the legality of the resolutions previously discussed on this list. >From all of these, it is quite clear that Resolution 688 did not give any authorization for the use of force, implicitly or explicitly, to any member of the UN. The no-fly zones are therefore violations of Iraqi sovereignty and of international law and of resolution 688 itself, and the US and the UK are in "material breach" of the cease fire resolution regarding Iraq. But because this is an immoral world, where the majority accept that "might is right", and where money and interests are more valuable than human life, no one is going to do anything to stop this continuing aggression.. Hassan _________________________________________________________ Have fun! Meet so many Arabs from all over the world through Maktoob Chat. http://www.maktoob.com/ _______________________________________________ Sent via the discussion list of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-discuss To contact the list manager, email firstname.lastname@example.org All postings are archived on CASI's website: http://www.casi.org.uk