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RE: Pesticides, WFP and helicopters--help

Hi! Re. helicopters & spare parts etc., maybe the main questions  have 
already been answered. However, a fairly brief article by Leon Barkho,
Associated Press writer, does provide some extra details. Printed 2nd April 
1998 (not very recently!), it tells of U.N. permitting Iraq to import spare 
parts to fix six helicopters used in crop dusting. FAO had hired Hungarian 
pilots to fly the helicopters, for use in southern & northern Iraq. Intended 
for spraying wheat & barley crops, the U.N. Food & Agricultural Organization 
would closely monitor, as use could also be for delivering chemical weapons. 
Try this URL:
Bert Gedin.

>From: "Colin Rowat" <>
>To: <>
>Subject: RE: Pesticides, WFP and helicopters--help
>Date: Tue, 12 Feb 2002 22:19:08 -0000
> > I don't know if you are aware of any information related to WFP and the
> > use of pesticide's in Northern Iraq.  I vaguely remember something about
> > there being a stand off between GOI and the UN over using helicopter's
> > to spray pesticides in Iraq. Does this sound familiar at all? Does 
> > have any information on this for the North separately as well as for the
> > Centre/South of the country?
>Hi Deirdre,
>I'm writing in response to your posting of last Thursday; I hope that it's
>not too late.  I have a similar memory to yours but don't yet think that
>I've found what I'm looking for.  Here are some recent articles on this
>(note - it's the FAO that's been spraying in the no-fly zones; they have a
>description from mid-1997, I think, at
>(*) (7/jan/2002) Iraq needs vaccines, crop planes - U.N. official (Reuters)
>"Iraq is in need of new crop-dusting planes or the provision of spare parts
>for the three helicopters Iraq currently has," the agency quoted Amir
>Khalil, FAO's representative in Iraq, as saying.
>I've attached this article below.
>(*) (20/sept/2001)
> - UN
>sanctions committee bans Iraq from importing helicopters for agricultural
>(*) (29/may/2000) U.N. frees $143 million in farm equipment for Iraq
>[FAO head] Khalil said the approved contracts included spare parts to 
>a fleet of helicopters used by the FAO and Iraq to spray crop pests. 
>20 helicopters will be sent to Russia, rehabilitated and sent back to
>Baghdad,'' he said.
>(*) (2/apr/1998) -
>U.N. To Allow Iraq To Import Parts
>Mentions helicopters that have crashed; implication - missing parts?  Flown
>by Poles in no-fly zones.
>(*) (5/feb/1996)
>UN press release noting that the Sanctions Committee has deferred a FAO
>request to import helicopter spare parts.
>I'm not yet entirely convinced that I've found what I'm looking for as I
>have a vague recollection of visas problems.  I am wondering whether the
>Iraqi government claimed that its pilots should be flying the helicopters,
>and withheld visas from the UN's foreign pilots.  Was there a compromise in
>which Iraqi and non-Iraqi pilots were allowed to fly together?
>Finally, I've checked through the Secretary-General's 'oil for food' 
>back a couple of years, but can't find mentions of helicopters.
>I hope that this helps; I still think that something's missing, though.
>Colin Rowat
>work | Room 406, Department of Economics | The University of Birmingham |
>Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK | | (+44/0) 121 414 3754 |
>(+44/0) 121 414 7377 (fax) |
>personal | (+44/0) 7768 056 984 (mobile) | (+44/0) 7092 378 517 (fax) |
>(707) 221 3672 (US fax) |
>Iraq needs vaccines, crop planes - U.N. official.
>BAGHDAD, Jan 7 (Reuters) - The U.N. Food and Agriculture
>Organisation said on Monday Iraq urgently needed vaccines to
>combat livestock diseases and spare parts for crop-dusting
>aircraft, the official Iraqi News Agency said.
>"Iraq is in need of new crop-dusting planes or the provision of
>spare parts for the three helicopters Iraq currently has," the
>agency quoted Amir Khalil, FAO's representative in Iraq, as
>Khalil said Iraq had had 27 helicopters before 1990, the year it
>invaded Kuwait, provoking crippling economic sanctions by the
>United Nations and a U.S.-led war in 1991.
>He said the number of supply contracts blocked by sanctions
>had reached 231 by the end of 2001, with a total value of more
>than $580 million.
>Contracts on hold included 24 for livestock, 51 for the irrigation
>sector and 133 for spare parts and machinery.
>"FAO's office in Baghdad has provided all the necessary
>information on the nature of the contracts and explained the dire
>need for them to expedite their approval by the 661 (U.N.
>sanctions) Committee," Khalil said.
>The U.N. committee, comprising representatives of all 15
>Security Council members, has to vet all contracts for the supply
>of goods to Iraq under the oil-for-food deal, which is intended to
>alleviate the effect of sanctions on the civilian population.
>Last May Iraqi helicopters manned by Iraqi pilots sprayed
>pesticide in Basra province 600 km (375 miles) south of
>Baghdad and in Nineveh province 450 km (270 miles) north of
>the capital, both in U.S.-imposed flight exclusion zones, for the
>first time since the 1991 Gulf War.
>Spraying flights in the no-fly zones have been undertaken since
>1991 by the Rome-based FAO, which used to supply spare parts
>for Iraqi helicopters and contracted non-Iraqi pilots.
>Aerial spraying operations, which cover an area of around 1.8
>billion square metres a year in southern and northern Iraq, take
>place from March to August on rainfed wheat and barley, date
>palms and sugar cane.
>The pests combated are sunpest, humaira, and dubas that
>infect date palms, desert locust, corn stem borers that hit cotton,
>rice weeds and blast and wheat weeds.
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