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Thanks Drew, A few brief comments on Rahul's excellent piece: > There has also been an attempt to seize on the lowest possible numbers. In early 1998, > Columbia University's Richard Garfield published a dramatically lower estimate of 106,000 to > 227,000 children under five dead due to sanctions, which was reported in many papers (e.g. > New Orleans Times-Picayune, 2/15/98). I think that this should be "1999", not "1998". CASI's version of his paper, with a link to the original, is at http://www.casi.org.uk/info/garfield/dr-garfield.html. > A Dow Jones search for 2000 finds only one mention of this evidence in an American paper--and > that in a letter to the editor (Austin American-Statesman, 10/01/00). A more interesting search might include 2001. While the document mentioned has been circulating for many years now, it's only this year that Tom Nagy has been promoting it. > and the fact that, until this summer, vaccines for common infectious diseases were on the > so-called "1051 list" of substances in practice banned from entering Iraq. Items on the "1051 list" are not banned from entering Iraq. The 1051 lists were originally established as a notification procedure for UN weapons inspectors in Iraq: if a 1051 contract was approved by the Sanctions Committee, they would be informed that something was coming into the country that they should look at. Since the inspections' end in December 1998, the practice has changed slightly, with the Sanctions Committee demanding more assurances about the end use of the items in question. "In practice", I suspect that this has amounted to an implicit ban on certain items but, in the case of the vaccines, the hold on them was released earlier in the year, before the "1051 lists" were amended. I hope that these comments don't seem too denting. I think that his article is absolutely correct in its emphasis, and well very researched. Best, Colin Rowat work | Room 406, Department of Economics | The University of Birmingham | Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK | (+44/0) 121 414 3754 | (+44/0) 121 414 7377 (fax) | email@example.com personal | (+44/0) 7768 056 984 (mobile) | (+44/0) 7092 378 517 (fax) | (707) 221 3672 (US fax) | firstname.lastname@example.org _________________________________________________________ Do You Yahoo!? Get your free @yahoo.com address at http://mail.yahoo.com -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email email@example.com CASI's website - www.casi.org.uk - includes an archive of all postings.