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Please circulate this far and wide. It shows: 1. a 2 front battle plan, waiting to pounce on Iraq like a cat on a mouse, also plans for a no-drive zone in Iraq (ie, bombing traffic) 2. shows how far ahead the US was in planning, or how quickly they've been able to mobilize, given that this article was published only a week after the Sept 11, attack, 3. lack of precision mapping for proper targeting in Afghanistan, 4. notes that Iraq CAN legally have missiles with up to 150 mile range. Philippa Winkler U.S. To Move First, Plan Details Later. Subject(s): UNITED States. -- Air Force; MILITARY readiness Source: Aviation Week & Space Technology, 9/24/2001, Vol. 155 Issue 13, p40, 2p, 1 map Author(s): Fulghum, David A.; Wall, Robert Abstract: Focuses on the transfer of United States military forces into the Middle East and South Asia. Use of the multinational 'Bright Star' exercise; Reason behind the move of the US; Uncertainties encountered in the US Air Force operational planners. [Go To Section: Military Response U.S. TO MOVE FIRST, PLAN DETAILS LATER Defense officials say two equally large operations are involved: one you can see and one you can't. U.S. military forces are moving into the Middle East and South Asia, a flow that will accelerate markedly over the next two weeks. The multinational ``Bright Star'' exercise, slated for late September, will be used to move additional forces into Egypt that will stay on in the region after the exercise is completed, Air Force officials said. The overall effort is to pre-position more supplies, aircraft and troops--including covert forces--in Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Kuwait and Diego Garcia in the Indian Ocean. France has agreed to let the U.S. use its large military base at Djibouti. U.S. Air Force F-16 units from Misawa, Japan, have had their deployments to Southwest Asia extended. New movements include F-15 units from Okinawa. Heavy bomber units, including B-1s with enhanced electronic warfare and electronic countermeasures, are being shifted to the three main regional bomber bases--Fairford, England; Jedda, Saudi Arabia, and Diego Garcia. An effort is underway to get overflight permission from countries between them and Afghanistan. THE WORDING of such permissions can cause wild gyrations in flight plans. For example, bombers flying from Fairford during the Kosovo campaign could not overfly France on the way to the target, so they had to fly well into the Atlantic, through the Straits of Gibraltar. Only after launching their weapons could they cross France. Bargaining with Pakistan for U.S. access to bases continues. Some U.S. defense officials contend that it wants to trade for additional F-16s, more foreign aid and greater tolerance of its nuclear programs. India was the first nation to offer bases to the U.S., but a number of governments have asserted that they would opt out of any coalition to support the U.S. if Indian or Israeli bases are used. There appear to be two operations going on. ``One you do see and one you don't, and the latter is as large as or larger than the first,'' a senior defense official said. Covert forces from the U.S. and Britain have been moving into the area for some time, but the U.S. wants to get Moslem forces involved, particularly those of Turkey. ``They have great special forces and they would be very good at this kind of operation.'' Such forces are to make raids, lasting from a day to a week, into Afghanistan. For some time, Afghanistan's Northern Alliance (the Taliban's main opponents) has benefited from an airborne resupply route from Dushanbe, Tajikistan, to Bagram AB north of Kabul. Arms and food are lifted in by Russian-built, twin-engine An-24s and An-32s transports flying at night. Uzbekistan has a small air force detachment in Tajikistan that also apparently operates in support of the Northern Alliance. Supplies from India also use this route. Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, with prodding from Russia, are now offering use of their bases as staging areas for attacks by U.S. special forces. Pakistan would likely host heavy tanker and cargo aircraft. Nevertheless, among U.S. Air Force operational planners ``there is still uncertainty about what to do,'' a senior defense official said. For now, ``they'll move into the region and then wait until there is an opportunity for attack,'' he said. There is a consensus that ``something very visible [even if it is only symbolic] has to happen soon.'' Moreover, there is a widening of U.S. planning to include Iraq as reports are substantiated that Iraqi officials met regularly with terrorists and supplied money, passports and logistics. That likely would entail more intensive air operations against Iraq, including establishment of a ``no-drive zone'' that would subject any motor traffic in Iraq to attack. MEANWHILE, THERE are some near-term problems for the Air Force. The conflict is likely to highlight shortfalls within the National Imagery and Mapping Agency (NIMA) whose new chief, Air Force Lt. Gen. (ret.) James R. Clapper, has been told to restore morale and quickly complete a key tool needed for precision bombing. The agency has been producing only a third of the critical digital point precision databases that military commanders have requested. These databases are the equivalent of finely defined maps that show the exact targeting coordinates, in three-dimensions and within 9 meters, for any point. However, much of the effort has not been completed. The regional commanders-in-chief needed 9,000 of these maps, but NIMA is still 5,000 short, a U.S. intelligence specialists said. EQUIPMENT FOR A U.S. Army division headquarters is on the way to supplement that for a brigade already in Qatar, said Lt. Gen. Paul Mikolashek, head of U.S. Central Command's army forces. He spoke about bolstering forces in the region just prior to the attack on New York and Washington. Added to another brigade's worth of supplies in Kuwait, that puts enough weaponry and supplies to fill out a U.S. division. Equipment for another Army brigade and a Marine brigade are on ships in the region. The first 16 production Patriot PAC-3 missiles are now available to equip two Patriot batteries in Kuwait and another two in Saudi Arabia as soon as they are available. The upgraded Patriot provides a more effective defense against tactical ballistic missiles than the current PAC-2. ``We have gone through all the PAC-3 system upgrades over there in terms of the software that can accommodate the missiles,'' Mikolashek said. C-5s were flying into Huntsville, Ala.'s Redstone Arsenal within two days of the attack on the U.S. Defense officials acknowledge a regional missile threat. ``We have determined that the possibility exists that [Iraq] would have some Scuds,'' Mikolashek said. ``For us to ignore that possibility I think would be wrong. [Saddam Hussein] is authorized, by the way, under the agreements after the [1990-91 Persian Gulf] war to have missiles with ranges of up to 150 km., and he has these.'' Iraq also has been developing the liquid-fueled Al-Samoud, which is thought to be ready for operational use. U.S. officials believe it has at least a 180-km. (112-mi.) range, well over the 150-km. limit set by U.N. sanctions. Iraq also has shown a small number of solid-fuel Abadil-100 ballistic missiles. As to what antiterrorist operations are likely to involve, there is at least consideration of raids deep into other countries involving aerial insertion, resupply and extraction supported by bombing and strike aircraft, defense officials said. ``Air drops are a distinct possibility,'' a senior defense official said. Operationally, ``the options being evaluated are still rather wide, ranging from significant air bombing to the use of special forces and even regular ground units,'' a senior aerospace industry official said. Professionals with long experience in dealing with terrorists say that in grappling with the immediate problem of finding terrorists, U.S. officials should not alienate friendly nations in the Middle East and South Asia, nor should they forget about the nations that provide sanctuary and support for terrorists. ``The important thing is allies, allies, allies,'' said R. James Woolsey, former director of central intelligence. ``We badly need the support of moderate Moslem regimes and individuals abroad to carry on an effective war against terrorism.'' He and others say that catching or killing those who perpetrated the attacks on the U.S. doesn't solve the problem. ``THE FOCUS HAS TO BE on dismantling the organizations,'' said Larry C. Johnson, former deputy director of the State Dept.'s office of counter-terrorism. ``It will be like dismantling Nazi Germany. Capturing [Osama bin Laden] will be illusory'' without a follow-up campaign against those who supported him. ``I have one slogan to offer,'' Woolsey said. ``It's the regime, stupid. [bin Laden and his organization] are mosquitoes. They carry a lethal disease. You don't deal with malaria by swatting the mosquitoes. You drain the swamp.'' On the other hand, the U.S. is looking for converts. ``If a regime that backed terrorism in the past wants to change--take the case of Iran--we very much welcome their conversion to antiterrorism,'' Woolsey said. Those that are hopeless--Saddam Hussein and the Baath Party in Iraq and ``probably the Taliban'' in Afghanistan--need to be replaced, he said, perhaps by the Northern Alliance in Afghanistan and the Kurds and Shiites in Iraq. ``That's part of the world, for logistics and other reasons, where it's difficult to see a lot of American troops being there for any substantial period of time,'' Woolsey said. One new factor that may be a help in the war against terrorism is the new chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, U.S. Air Force Gen. Richard B. Myers. ``We're fortunate to have Dick Myers coming in as chairman of the JCS,'' said another Air Force general. ``He's got a strong operational background, he's respected on Capitol Hill and politically savvy from his time as vice chairman, and he's technically astute. He won't get wound up in a solution too complicated to work.'' One of those solutions is expected to be the rapid improvement of intelligence gathering and its direct application to finding and killing elusive targets. ~~~~~~~~ By David A. Fulghum, Washington and Robert Wall, Washington Copyright 2001 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Copyright of Aviation Week & Space Technology is the property of McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. Source: Aviation Week & Space Technology, 9/24/2001, Vol. 155 Issue 13, p40, 2p, 1 map. Item Number: 5285764 > -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email firstname.lastname@example.org CASI's website - www.casi.org.uk - includes an archive of all postings.