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US delays resolution 1 month or 6

Note: Months ago Powell said refrigerator pumps would be allowed 
under his proposal, now re-confirmed.

Milan Rai
Voices UK
Thursday May 31 11:18 AM ET

U.S. Won't Push New Iraq Sanctions
By TOM RAUM, Associated Press Writer

WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States, abandoning its attempt to
win restructuring of U.N. sanctions against Iraq by a Monday
deadline, pressed Thursday for a one-month extension of the current
oil-for-food program rather than the full six months sought by
Moscow and China.

U.N. Security Council members are in ``general agreement'' that
sanctions ``have lost some of their effectiveness,'' Secretary of
State Colin Powell told reporters as he flew home late Wednesday
from a NATO meeting in Budapest.

``It is wise to move forward,'' he said, expressing optimism
that agreement on a new sanctions package could be reached soon.
Powell conferred with the foreign ministers of Russia, Britain
and France during meetings on the sidelines the NATO gathering.

As a result of those sessions, the United States decided to give
up trying to win support for a U.S.-British plan for new sanctions
before the current program expires Monday, said a senior
administration official, speaking on the condition of anonymity.

Ambassadors from the Security Council's five permanent members,
each of which has veto power - the United States, Russia, Britain,
France and China - were meeting Thursday at U.N. headquarters to
discuss a timeframe for the extension. A British diplomat, speaking
on condition of anonymity, said they were seeking a short-term 
extension of several weeks while Russia and China want a full
six-month roll-over.

The full Security Council was expected to meet later Thursday to
take up the Iraq sanctions issue.

``The action is (now) back in New York,'' Powell said, referring
to the Security Council talks.

Under a deal agreed to by Powell, the current humanitarian
oil-for-food program will be temporarily extended, primarily to
give Russia a chance to scrutinize a proposed new list of banned
items, said the senior administration official.

The extension may nominally be for six months. But the U.S.
official said the United States hoped the review could be completed
in a month. The agreement to ``roll over'' the current program was
an attempt to overcome a serious impasse on the Security Council,
with the Monday deadline fast approaching.

Final details of the proposed agreement came together during a
Wednesday meeting between Powell and Russian Foreign Minister 
Igor Ivanov.

The restructuring of sanctions is one of the Bush
administration's first foreign policy initiatives.

Other issues still remain to be decided, including how the
embargo is to be enforced at border points and how to control
smuggling. ``There are lots of variants,'' Powell said.

The United States is compiling a list of items it wants banned,
including certain technologies and communications equipment.
Many items now banned, such as small diesel generators and
refrigerator pumps, would be removed from the list.

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