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Reading through some notes of Dr James Thring I found a reference to the US Army College and a report it made into the gassing at Halabja, and remembered the question to CASI of Ahmed M. Jiyad. A search via Google came up with a number of references of which the following were the most informative. Has anyone actually seen a copy of the mentioned source, Iraqi Power & US Security in the Middle East, US Army War College, February 1990? Neil Sammonds Mariam Appeal Re: question re halabja and the UN Security Council, Ahmed M. Jiyad 1) Newsweek and David Ignatius "In April, 1990, Congress voted to impose economic sanctions on Iraq, largely because of Saddam's supposed chemical attack on the Kurds in Halabja the previous month, despite a U.S. Army War College report that Iran was more likely responsible for this attack and that sanctions against Iraq would be a provocative and dangerous mistake." http://www.geocities.com/mdmorrissey/saddam1.htm 2) Joe Vialls "The most memorable (and successful) of the ploys used was to turn President Hussein into the man who `gassed his own Kurds' at Halabja. The same devastating images of dead women and children lying in the streets were shown thousands of times on all western television channels, placing President Hussein well beyond western `rehabilitation' under any circumstances. Unfortunately the entire exercise was a complete lie. The CIA knew very well that a February 1990 US Army War College report concluded Iraq was not responsible for the Halabja attack, stating it was the Iranian bombardment that had actually killed the Kurds.' The War College findings were hardly surprising: the Kurdish people of Halabja were killed by a war gas known as "Phosgene" used by the Iranians but not the Iraqis. Though Iraq did use war gas on the battlefield it was "Mustard", an entirely different chemical which causes death in a visibly different way, enabling US Army chemical warfare experts to easily identify the attack as Iranian in origin." http://crude.homestead.com/ reference to Halabja, Gas Attack. Iraqi Power & US Security in the Middle East, US Army War College, February 1990. New York Times, Wines, M, 28 April 1991, p.13. 3) Serge Thion The World as a Magical Gas Chamber It is consequently not a waste of time to recall a study which was declassified and made public during the summer of 1990, entitled "Iraqi power and US Security in the Middle East", and written before the invasion of Kuwait, in which three analysts of the US Army War College examined very closely the behaviour of the Iraqi army during the hostilities with Iran. They wrote: "The statements according to which they [the Iraqis] won simply by using large quantities of chemical weapons are baseless." As concerns the use of gas against the Kurds during the same period, the authors concluded: "Having taken into consideration all the facts which are at our disposal, we judge it impossible to confirm the declaration by the State Department that gas was used in this case." And they added: "To begin with, no victim has ever been brought forth." All this can be found in the International Herald Tribune, 19 December 1990. http://codoh.com/newsdesk/990111.html -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email firstname.lastname@example.org Full details of CASI's various lists can be found on the CASI website: http://www.casi.org.uk