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Cheney and Sanctions (NYT-27 July 00)

Copyright 2000 The New York Times Company   
The New York Times 
July 27, 2000, Thursday, Late Edition - Final 

SECTION: Section A; Page 21; Column 1; National Desk 
LENGTH: 411 words 
HEADLINE: THE 2000 CAMPAIGN: THE RECORD; Over the Years, Cheney Opposed U.S. Sanctions 

During his early years as a White House official and member of the House, Dick Cheney, the expected 
Republican vice presidential candidate, consistently opposed unilateral American sanctions against 
nations including Iran, Cuba and South Africa. 

More recently, as the chief executive of the Halliburton Company, an energy services company that 
is in the top 100 American concerns in revenues, Mr. Cheney became a lobbyist for lifting most 

Referring to "my favorite hobbyhorse, the question of unilateral sanctions," he argued in a 1998 
speech that "they almost never work." 

"It is very hard to find specific examples where they actually achieve a policy objective," he 

As a new official in the Ford White House in 1974, Mr. Cheney saw the United States government, 
under pressure from Congress, impose sanctions against Turkey over the Cyprus issue. The action 
came not because it made sense from a policy standpoint, Mr. Cheney said, but "because the 
Greek-American lobby was significantly bigger and more effective" than its Turkish-American 

A decade later while serving in the House, Mr. Cheney twice voted to oppose sanctions against the 
apartheid government of South Africa. 

In the 1990's, as Congress moved twice to increase sanctions against Cuba, Mr. Cheney said, he 
would have preferred setting up a West Berlin-type enclave of democracy and free enterprise at the 
United States naval base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. 

But Mr. Cheney did back the multilateral sanctions against Iraq after the Persian Gulf war, aimed 
at curbing its production of weapons of mass destruction. 

After he became chief executive of Halliburton, Mr. Cheney joined members of the United States 
Chamber of Commerce and pro-trade groups under the rubric of USA-Engage. The lobby led a failing 
effort to block the Iran and Libya Sanctions Act, which bars American investment in those oil-rich 
countries. Halliburton is also a member of the board of the National Foreign Trade Council, a 
lobbying group that recently won a victory in the Supreme Court, which struck down a Massachusetts 
state law imposing state-level sanctions on companies doing business in Myanmar, formerly Burma. 

Mr. Cheney's company has already done business in countries still facing American sanctions, 
including Libya and Iraq, the enemy Mr. Cheney helped vanquish in the gulf war. 

"Our government has become sanctions-happy," Mr. Cheney said in his 1998 speech. 

LOAD-DATE: July 27, 2000

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