The following is an archived copy of a message sent to a Discussion List run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
Views expressed in this archived message are those of the author, not of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
[Main archive index/search] [List information] [Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq Homepage]
Two pieces of news: 1. SCR 1293 doubles Iraq's oil spare parts allowance 2. new "green lists" have been approved 1. SCR 1293 doubles Iraq's oil spare parts allowance ---------------------------------------------------- On Friday 31 March the UN Security Council unanimously passed SCR 1293. The announcement of the resolutions' passage can be found at http://www.un.org/News/Press/docs/2000/20000331.sc6838.doc.html It authorises a doubling in value to $600 million of the oil spare parts that Iraq is allowed to import. This $600 million expenditure is allowed every 180 day Phase (Phase VII began on 11/12/1999). The recommended doubling dates back to a 12 October 1999 letter from Kofi Annan to the President of the Security Council (http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/dp6pdf/newdp6.html) in which he writes: I recommend that the Security Council approve the request to increase by $300 million the allocation for oil spare parts and equipment, bringing the total allocation to $600 million, during the current phase. He has repeated this recommendation in his subsequent reports to the Security Council, notably in S/2000/208 (http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/reports/s-2000-208.htm or http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/reports/s-2000-208e.pdf), which contained a report from the 2000 oil experts visit. In a 2 July 1999 letter to the President of the Security Council (http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/reports/sgoil6.html) he had noted that the Government of Iraq intended to contract for $600 million of oil spare parts, even though they were only allowed $300 million. But he implicitly endorsed this by noting that: As indicated by the group of experts, while the estimated value of the list of spare parts and equipment submitted by the Government of Iraq is twice the amount approved by the Council in resolution 1242 (1999), the amount indicated by the Government of Iraq is considered to be commensurate with the production levels achieved and predicted, particularly given the emphasis placed on major projects and investment in safety, control of pollution and environmental damage. Previous documents (c.f. http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/reports/sgoil.html, http://www.un.org/Depts/oip/reports/180day4.html) dating back to the passage of SCR 1175 (19 June 1998), when the Security Council first approved the purchase of $300 million of oil spare parts per phase, indicate that there have been concerned about "the slow pace of approval" for parts since these imports began. A doubling in what Iraq is allowed to contract for is therefore a good step but needs to be accompanied by increases in what Iraq actually receives. SCR 1293 was drafted by the US mission to the UN. The BBC World Service 1am (GMT) news bulletin this morning (1/4/00) reported that this had been a response to widespread pressure from other members of the Security Council who were concerned by the US' hard line towards Iraq. 2. new "green lists" have been approved --------------------------------------- Two more "green lists" are now available on the Office of the Iraq Programme's website at www.un.org/Depts/oip. These are the lists of items that Iraq can import without going through the sanctions committee (it still needs to show the contract to the Office of the Iraq Programme). The lists were established by SCR 1284, paragraph 17, which was passed on 17 December 1999. The new lists, for agricultural and health supplies, are now added to the first two, for food and educational materials. The health list runs to 103 pages and includes: 1800 pharmaceuticals, 41 immunological products, 182 contrast media, chemicals and miscellaneous items, 33 targetted nutrition elements, 861 medical supplies, 46 pieces of hospital furniture, an eight page description of ambulance components, 354 raw materials for the domestic production of medicines and 6 pieces of basic equipment or instruments. I suspect that these lists are significant for a number of reasons. First, it seems to me that they offer the possibility of improvements in the humanitarian situation in Iraq. Without infrastructural improvements these green lists can only offer limited benefits, though. Second, their adoption seems possibly also to indicate various political shifts. The US will now be under less pressure, and perhaps the Government of Iraq under more, as it has slightly loosened the sanctions regime. Furthermore, the US will probably be able to do this without the appearance of weakening. I don't know whether this is simply a fortunate tactical move, then, or whether it reflects a deeper commitment in the US administration to easing sanctions. Third, I think that the green lists make the humanitarian situation in Iraq more complicated. The relative importance of infrastructure and green list items are unknown: no one knows to what extent pre-sanctions levels of health can be restored through measures like those in the green list. This means that the environment in which we find ourselves has also become more complicated. Finally, these lists represent an incredible time commitment by the staff in the Office of the Iraq Programme. Recent reports by the Secretary General have made it very clear that they face a growing burden of work with professionalism. Colin Rowat ****************************************************** Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq http://welcome.to/casi fax 0870 063 5022 ****************************************************** 393 King's College www.cus.cam.ac.uk/~cir20 Cambridge CB2 1ST tel: +44 (0)468 056 984 England fax: +44 (0)870 063 4984 -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email firstname.lastname@example.org Full details of CASI's various lists can be found on the CASI website: http://welcome.to/casi