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Could the first person who finds the text for the resolution put it onto the list please? Thanks! Colin Rowat *********************************************** Coordinator, Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq http://welcome.to/casi *********************************************** 393 King's College www.cus.cam.ac.uk/~cir20 Cambridge CB2 1ST tel: +44 (0)468 056 984 England fax: +44 (0)870 063 4984 ---------------------------------------------------------------- DECEMBER 17, 13:00 EST U.N. Votes To Return Iraq Monitors By NICOLE WINFIELD Associated Press Writer UNITED NATIONS (AP) - After a year of stalemate, the Security Council narrowly approved a new U.N. policy for Iraq today that would restart weapons inspections and offer to suspend sanctions if Baghdad cooperates. Russia, France, China and Malaysia abstained - a major blow to U.S. and British efforts to send Baghdad a united signal that the Security Council would stand for nothing less than full compliance with its demands. The resolution passed 11-0, with the four abstentions. At least nine votes in favor were required for passage. Iraq has already indicated it would reject the resolution, saying it was an American inspired attempt to impose its ``evil'' will on the Security Council. U.N. weapons inspections in Iraq ground to a halt a year ago, just before U.S. and British airstrikes that were launched to punish Iraq for failing to cooperate fully with weapons experts. Iraq has said inspectors from the U.N. Special Commission cannot return and has demanded sanctions be lifted - not suspended. Under U.N. resolutions, sanctions imposed after Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait can only be lifted when inspectors report Iraq is free of its banned weapons. The resolution passed today would establish a new inspection agency for Iraq called the U.N. Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission, or UNMOVIC, to resume overseeing the destruction of Iraq's biological and chemical weapons, and missiles to deliver them. The International Atomic Energy Agency remains in charge of monitoring Iraq's nuclear weapons program. The resolution offers to suspend sanctions against Iraq for renewable 120-day periods if inspectors report that Iraq has cooperated ``in all respects'' with them and shown progress toward answering their questions about its disarmament. ``Today's resolution does not raise the bar on what is required of Iraq in the area of disarmament; but it also does not lower it,'' Deputy U.S. Ambassador Peter Burleigh told the council. Knowing the Iraqi position, the Russians and Chinese had wanted sanctions to be suspended soon after Iraq allows inspectors to return, and didn't want to require Baghdad to complete specific disarmament tasks. The United States and Britain pressed for Iraqi answers to outstanding questions about its disarmament and a longer waiting period before sanctions could be suspended. France said it wanted to work for more consensus, and finally said today it would abstain. In the end, the resolution is intentionally vague on the specific amount of cooperation that would be required to trigger the suspension of sanctions. With that ambiguity, today's vote marks the start of what will surely be a lengthy and acrimonious debate on when and whether Iraq has met the conditions for suspension. Russian Ambassador Sergey Lavrov said the real test will depend on the composition and work of the new inspection agency and whether it can ``free itself from the harmful heritage,'' of its predecessor, the U.N. Special Commission, which Russia says was biased. China's U.N. Ambassador, Qin Huasun, said he was abstaining from the vote because there were serious questions about whether the resolution could be implemented. ``If Iraq cannot see any hope at the end of the tunnel by implementing the resolutions, as is the case with the draft resolution, how could it be willing and ready to offer the cooperation we hope for?'' he asked. Regardless the level of Iraqi cooperation with inspectors, the resolution does allow for immediate improvements in the humanitarian situation in Iraq by removing the $5.26 billion limit on the amount of oil Baghdad can sell over six months through the U.N. oil-for-food program. Iraq, however, has said it won't pump beyond the $5.26 billion ceiling - a pledge diplomats and Arab officials say shows Iraq doesn't want to give the appearance of accepting any element of the new resolution. -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq For removal from list, email firstname.lastname@example.org Full archive and list instructions are available from the CASI website: http://welcome.to/casi