The following is an archived copy of a message sent to a Discussion List run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
Views expressed in this archived message are those of the author, not of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
[Main archive index/search] [List information] [Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq Homepage]
State Department spokesman James Rubin points to northern Iraq as a place where economic sanctions "work", as opposed to Iraq's center/south where the humanitarian consequences are more severe. Opponents of sanctions have established that differences in geography, funding, program tenure, and NGO participation explain these differences. However, the focus on regional disparity obscures a larger truth: that the situation in northern Iraq remains dire. > Today's under-five mortality rate for northern Iraq is roughly equivalent to the rate observed in Iraq 20-years ago. > The current under-five mortality rate for northern Iraq -- 72 -- remains more than double the rate for most neighboring countries. For example, the rate for Saudi Arabia is only 30; for Iran, 37; for Kuwait, 14; for Turkey, 47; for Syria, 34; and for Jordan, 25. Statistical projections show Iraq's mortality rate would now be roughly 30, had the decline observed in 1960-1990 continued into this decade.) > As Rubin notes, the under-five mortality rate for northern Iraq has begun to decline. However, the decline is slight and the comparison rates were inflated by the Iran/Iraq war, regional infighting, and Ba'athist repression. These are bloodless statistics, but they mask a vast human tragedy. An increase by a single point in these rates represents an annual toll of hundreds of additional children who would be hale but became ill; who visited the hospital instead of their friends; who were buried rather than returning home. Rubin implies these calamitous results are the intention of our policies ... that this is how they "work". These words should haunt him. Regards, Drew Hamre Golden Valley, MN USA ---  Statement of Assistant Secretary of State James Rubin during the daily briefing for August 12, 1999, following the release of UNICEF's report (see http://secretary.state.gov/www/briefings/9908/990812db.html): "It is our view that the fact that in Northern Iraq, the infant morality rate is improving with the same sanctions regime under the rest of Iraq shows that in places where Saddam Hussein isn't manipulating the medicines and the supplies, that this works."  Data for Iraq's north and center/south are from UNICEF's recent surveys, available online at http://www.unicef.org/reseval/iraqr.htm. From each region's respective report, data are pulled from "Table 3" on page 10. Under-five mortality rates are as follows: Iraq's Center/South Northern Iraq 1994-99 131 72 1989-94 92 90 1984-89 56 80 1979-84 67 104  Non-Iraq statistics are from http://www.unicef.org/statis/index.html. As a further frame of reference, the USA's U5 mortality rate is 8; the UK's, 7.  See http://www.unicef.org/reseval/pdfs/irqu5est.pdf -- ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To be removed/added, email firstname.lastname@example.org, NOT the whole list. Please do not send emails with attached files to the list *** Archived at http://linux.clare.cam.ac.uk/~saw27/casi/discuss.html ***