The following is an archived copy of a message sent to a Discussion List run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
Views expressed in this archived message are those of the author, not of the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq.
[Main archive index/search] [List information] [Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq Homepage]
There's a flurry of activity among UN officials concerning Iraq, as noted in the following stories from AFP, the BBC and ABC. On a far sadder note, Mariam Hamza -- symbol and namesake of MP George Galloway's 'Big Ben to Baghdad' tour (see http://www.mariamappeal.com/frameshamza.htm) -- has suffered a serious relapse and has been hospitalized in Jordan. I know our thoughts are with her. --- http://famulus.msnbc.com/FamulusIntl/reuters10-27-101654.asp?reg=MIDEAST Iraqi cancer girl in Jordan hospital after relapse REUTERS AMMAN, Oct. 27 - An Iraqi girl at the centre of a campaign by a British member of parliament to get U.N. sanctions against Iraq lifted has been admitted into a hospital in Jordan after suffering a cancer relapse. Mariam Hamza, who was brought from Baghdad to Scotland by MP George Galloway for treatment from leukaemia in 1997, is now brain damaged and blind, though her life is not in danger, doctors said. Galloway is leading a pro-Iraqi convoy, dubbed ''Mariam Convoy,'' across parts of Europe and North Africa heading to Jordan and Iraq to push for an immediate lifting of U.N. sanctions. The convoy, led by a London double-deck bus, is expected to arrive in the Jordanian port city of Aqaba on Sunday. It would enter Iraq on November 5. Iraq says nine years of sanctions have claimed well over one million lives. A U.N. report in August said mortality among children under five had double over the past decade. Mariam, six, was moved from a Baghdad hospital to Amman's al-Amal cancer centre on Tuesday. Dr Kenan Hajjiri told Reuters the move was arranged by Galloway and his wife who were currently in Egypt en route to Jordan. He said the girl suffered a relapse two months ago and was suffering from loss of vision in both eyes and seizures -- disorders linked to brain damage caused by the cancer. He said Mariam was undergoing tests to determine her treatment. ''Hopefully it would not be too late to help her,'' Hajjiri said. He said her life was not in an immediate danger. Mariam was brought to Scotland for treatment in a blaze of publicity two years ago. Galloway, who formed a fund to pay for the treatment which raised tens of thousands of pounds, claimed sanctions were preventing medicines needed to treat cancer patients from reaching Iraq. The girl was believed to be fully cured after six months of treatment. She returned home last year. Copyright 1999 Reuters Limited. --- http://asia.yahoo.com/headlines/271099/world/940970280-91026203820.newsworld .html UN aid official calls for depoliticised debate on Iraq UNITED NATIONS, Oct 26 (AFP) - The UN humanitarian coordinator in Iraq, Hans von Sponeck, urged members of the Security Council on Tuesday to stop making political arguments out of the distribution of food, medicine and other aid. The Council's sanctions committee had blocked an increasing number of requests for imports under Iraq's oil-for-food programme, he said, and this was "a deterrent for the implementation of the humanitarian programme." Von Sponeck told a news conference that Iraq had spent "every available dollar" from the programme on a special nutritional project for pregnant women, new mothers and young children. While only 469 million dollars worth of medicine had been distributed -- equivalent to 68 percent of the 689 million dollars worth delivered since the start of the oil-for-food programme in December 1996 -- he said there were valid reasons for keeping the rest in stock. Von Sponeck had earlier briefed the Security Council on the consequences of its decision to allow Iraq to exceed the UN-imposed ceiling of 5.256 billion dollars on its crude exports for the six months to November 20. The decision, on October 4, was a response to sharp rises in oil prices. It did not alter the ceiling, but allowed Iraq to make good a shortfall in revenue in the two previous 180-day periods when oil prices were low. "The extra revenue allows us to encourage the Iraq government to do more in areas of concern to us in the UN and well as the international community," Von Sponeck said. The government had agreed in "long meetings" with UN officials to increase the caloric value of daily food rations to the average Iraqi from 2,150 calories to 2,200, he said. It had also allowed the UN access to its own food stocks, he said. "We now know that there is a food stock available to 75 percent of the population. The government told us -- and we have no way of verifying this -- that this translates into an additional 150 calories. So the food basket looks better." The government had also spent all 27 million dollars allocated under phases four and five and the current sixth phase of the programme for vitamin-reinforced biscuits and therapeutic milk for pregnant women, mothers and young children, he said. "There are no more funds available under these three phases," he added. The programme was put in place in December 1996 to alleviate the impact of sanctions imposed on Iraq in August 1990 after it invaded Kuwait. It allows Iraq to export limited amounts of crude oil under UN supervision and to use two-thirds of the revenues to import essential supplies. Each export and import contract must be approved by the council's sanctions committee. --- http://news.bbc.co.uk/hi/english/world/middle_east/newsid_487000/487021.stm Wednesday, October 27, 1999 Published at 04:31 GMT 05:31 UK World: Middle East Annan criticises Iraq aid delays Iraqi hospitals say there are serious shortages of basic medicines Delays in delivering goods to Iraq under the oil-for-food programme are hampering aid work, according to the United Nations' secretary-general. The shipment of about $700m of goods is on hold because some member states are concerned at how Iraq wil use them. All contracts have to be approved by the UN Sanctions Committee made up from the 15-member Security Council. BUt UN officials say the delays are hampering the delivery of much needed humanitarian aid to Iraq. And Mr Annan said: "These holds are having an undesirable impact on our humanitarian activities. "I would want to see the UN run a smooth humanitarian operation in Iraq with a capacity to deliver all that the council has approved." His comments were backed by the UN's Humanitarian Co-ordinator for Iraq, Hans von Sponeck, who said it was time for committee members to remove politics from the debate and focus on the needs of ordinary Iraqis. In an interview with the Washington Post Mr Annan accused the Clinton administration of "disrupting" humanitarian efforts by blocking the contracts. The United States and other countries have raised objections to Iraq importing certain goods, which they say could be used for military purposes. A recent shipment of glass-lined steel pipes was barred amid suspicions that they could be used in the production of chemical weapons. Other imports such as a shipment of musical doorbells have been condemned as merely frivolous. Under the UN programme Iraq is allowed to sell a limited amount of oil to buy food, medicines and other humanitarian goods, as well as spare parts to rebuild oil installations. Iraqi hospitals say they are continuously short of even the most basic medical supplies and thousands of adults and children have died of preventable diseases. Reports from the UN children's fund, Unicef, say that the death rate among Iraq children has more than doubled since international sanctions were imposed nine years ago. It says the country faces an "ongoing humanitarian emergency". Baghdad argues such reports prove that sanctions are directly harming its most vulnerable civilians. But the US and its allies say that Iraqi inefficiency and obstructionism are the real problems and the sanctions are deliberately structured to minimise their impact on children. --- http://abcnews.go.com/sections/world/DailyNews/Iraq991026.html Looking Up: Iraqis Confident That Sanctions Will Soon Weaken ABCNEWS.com B A G H D A D, Iraq, Oct. 27 - Iraq these days is getting a lot more sympathy - and looking a lot less isolated. ABCNEWS' Sheila MacVicar reports from Baghdad. From Russia's oil minister, to industry executives representing America's Gulf War allies who are now in search of Iraqi business, and even at the United Nations, the U.S. policy of pushing sanctions appears to be losing support. U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan chastised the United States on Tuesday for holding up $700 million worth of contracts for goods that he said could alleviate the suffering of Iraqis after nearly a decade of sanctions that were imposed after Saddam Hussein's forces invaded Kuwait in 1990. "These holds are having an undesirable impact on our humanitarian activities," Annan said. "In some instances, goods which have been shipped as part of a package have to sit and wait because a part of it has either been withheld or is not in." U.S. More Isolated The United States wants Saddam to again allow U.N. weapons inspectors into Iraq, and until he does, it wants him isolated. But the Americans are finding themselves increasingly lonely in their position. "Ten years is a long time, and things cannot but change after those 10 years of suffering and hardships for us," Nizar Hamoon, Iraq's undersecretary of state for foreign affairs, told ABCNEWS. Iraq's infrastructure is crumbling, with bridges and roads in disrepair. Children are suffering and malnourished - and that brings sympathy for the Iraqi people, and a feeling it's time to ease up on the regime there. "The government says that this is all due to nine years of deprivation," said U.N. humanitarian aid coordinator Fabrice von Sponeck. "Others will have another answer ... and UNICEF and myself and others will say that whatever the causes are, this is the reality and one must try to overcome this reality to avoid unnecessary death of children." Businesspeople want the right to invest in and export to Iraq, a country once among the economic leaders of the Arab world. "We hope the embargo will be lifted very soon," German businessman Arne Frantz said recently in Baghdad. Life's a Little Better There is some optimism in Iraq. Many Iraqis say life is a little better now than in recent years. But most importantly, they say they believe they have been through the worst, and things can never be as bad again. A U.N. program in place since 1996 lets Iraq sell about $5 billion in oil every six months to pay for food and medicine. It has since been expanded to include other sectors including water, utilities and spare parts for the oil industry. The U.N. Security Council decided earlier this month to increase Baghdad's export cap by more than $3 billion for the current six-month phase. And Iraq, for the first time in a long time, is growing enough fruit and vegetables to feed its people. Smugglers get around U.N. sanctions and have restocked Iraq's markets with everything from designer rip-offs to VCRs to $1,800 refrigerators. "Even though we have sanctions, things are now OK," said appliance salesman Abu Alis. That may be part of the reason why Iraq's government is feeling very little pressure to let weapons inspectors - who were removed late last year as U.S.-led forces mounted attacks on sites that may have been building banned weapons - back in at all. As for the other American demand, that Saddam leave power, many people in Iraq say their president survived George Bush, and will, without question, outlast Bill Clinton, as well. The American Response U.S. Deputy Ambassador to the United Nations Peter Burleigh on Tuesday defended the U.S. holds on products bound for Iraq, expressing concern that Saddam Hussein's government could redirect equipment toward weapons production. "We put contracts on hold for a variety of different reasons including potential dual use, contracts that are sponsored by questionable firms, and contracts which are not justified under the humanitarian oil-for-food program," he said. -- ------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by the Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To be removed/added, email firstname.lastname@example.org, NOT the whole list. Please do not send emails with attached files to the list *** Archived at http://linux.clare.cam.ac.uk/~saw27/casi/discuss.html ***