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2 items ----------------------------------------------------------- UN Security Council renews oil-for-food deal for six months UNITED NATIONS, Nov 24 (AFP) -The UN Security Council on Tuesday renewed for a further six months at current levels an oil-for-food humanitarian deal with Iraq. The 15-member council unanimously adopted a resolution providing for Iraq to export up to 5.2 billion dollars worth of oil over a six-month period starting on Thursday. The resolution also maintains a provision setting aside 300 million dollars of Iraqi funds to pay for spare parts that are urgently needed to repair Iraq's oil infrastructure, badly damaged by the 1991 Gulf War. The UN Iraq programme announced on Tuesday that the first spare parts contract would be delivered to Iraq this week. The delivery is a shipment from the Netherlands of demulsifier, which is used to treat crude oil and remove oil impurities. ________________________________________________________________________ 06:05 PM ET 11/23/98 U.N. Assembly pushes back Security Council reform By Evelyn Leopold UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) - The U.N. General Assembly Monday failed for the fifth consecutive year to agree on reform of the powerful 15-member Security Council. The assembly instead approved a resolution by consensus that would set a high two-thirds majority threshold on any vote connected to a change in the council, thereby, in effect, killing reform in the near future. But the assembly said discussions would continue. The resolution also said that council reform could not be bound by any ``imposed timeframe,'' guaranteeing that the discussions would drag on endlessly despite insistent calls for expansion of the council for the past five years. The Security Council has five veto-bearing permanent members -- the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France, chosen because they were victorious allied powers at the end of World War II. It also has 10 nonpermanent members, divided among regions and elected for two-year terms. With 185 U.N. members, there are nearly as many opinions. Many regional powers are seeking to enhance their own chances of permanent council membership -- or to undermine the prospects of regional rivals. Egypt's Ambassador Nabil Elaraby took the lead in pushing the resolution, but the document was also a victory for Italy, whose ambassador, Paulo Fulci, has been single-minded in making sure Germany did not become the third European permanent member in the council. Instead he has advocated enlarging the number of nonpermanent seats by eight to 10 seats. While that proposal has its opponents, Fulci said he was willing to support any increase in nonpermanent seats for the time being. Fulci's campaign in general has been supported by Pakistan, which opposes any potential membership for India, as well as many medium-sized states, including Canada and Mexico. Almost all countries support reform of the council, responsible for peace and security and whose decisions are binding on all states, saying that its division of power is hopelessly outdated. Germany's U.N. Ambassador Dieter Kastrup said Bonn had never supported the ``quick-fix `` solution -- its own and Japanese membership without other countries on the council. But he said the endless discussions helped no one. ``Aren't five years sufficient for consideration?'' he said. ``Shouldn't we leave the field of discussions and move forward to make the politically necessary decisions.'' He said the council reform group, called the ``Open-Ended Working Group,'' could turn into the ``Never-Ending Working Group.'' But he acknowledged that votes were lacking to force the council to come to a meaningful solution by the year 2000. The United States, which supports Germany and Japan for permanent membership, wants to limit the number of total seats to no more than 20 or 21, a level the vast majority of delegations find unacceptable. Britain said that it wanted an increase in five permanent seats, three for developing nations in Africa, Asia and Latin America and two for industrialized nations. Ambassador Jeremy Greenstock said the overall size of the council could reach 24. -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To be removed/added, email firstname.lastname@example.org, NOT the whole list. Archived at http://linux.clare.cam.ac.uk/~saw27/casi/discuss.html