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Presumably this applies as much to the UK as the US... ---------- Forwarded message ---------- INTERNATIONAL PROGRESS ORGANIZATION Information Service Vienna, AUSTRIA Tel. +431-5332877, fax +431-533296221 Subject: IRAQ / UNITED STATES Vienna, 12 February 1998/P/K/15814c-is In a message forwarded today to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, Mr. Kofi Annan, the President of the International Progress Organization, Dr. Hans Koechler, urged the world organization to act in conformity with the United Nations Charter and to firmly reject the illegitimate interference of the most powerful member state into the decision-making processes of United Nations organs. The "Iraq crisis" must not be solved by a unilateral act of aggression on the part of the United States but by collective diplomatic efforts in the framework of the United Nations. In a statement to the international media the President of the I.P.O. summarized the recent crisis between Iraq and the United States and its impact on the credibility and standing of the United Nations Organization as follows: 1. The US threats against Iraq and the preparations for all-out war constitute a flagrant violation of the basic purposes and principles of the United Nations as outlined in Art. 1 (1) of the Charter. The US actions constitute a "threat to the peace" according to the definition in Art. 39 of the UN Charter. The Security Council is called upon to immediately deal with this issue. In this regard, the Secretary-General should himself make use of the provision in Art. 99 of the Charter to place this issue on the agenda of the Council. 2. If the Security Council, because of US obstruction, is prevented to act, the General Assembly should be convened in an emergency session in conformity with the provisions of the "Uniting for Peace Resolution." The present threat of aggression against Iraq constitutes a major threat not only to peace in the Middle East but to world peace. 3. In regard to previous Security Council resolutions since the beginning of the Gulf crisis in 1990, the US administration has no authority at all to undertake unilateral aggressive action against Iraq. 4. The continued total UN embargo imposed on the people of Iraq constitutes a crime against humanity according to the definition of the Nürnberg War Crimes Tribunal. The embargo also constitutes a crime of genocide according to Art. II (c) of the International Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide of 1948. The decision-makers in the countries enforcing the sanctions have a personal legal and criminal responsibility for the death and suffering of hundreds of thousands of innocent Iraqis, foremost among them children, the sick and the elderly. 5. The present US threats against Iraq confirm the negative impact of a unipolar international order on global peace and justice. In the absence of checks and balances, the present international system is led into anarchy and new forms of oppression and recolonization of the Third World, foremost the Arab and Muslim world. 6. At this crucial moment in Arab history, the Arab world is threatened to lose its freedom of action for a very long time should it not be able to stand united against this most serious attack on its independence and dignity. The stage is set for "neutralizing" Arab wealth and strategic power in order to liquidate the Palestinian issue once and for all and to establish Israeli hegemony over the whole Middle East. It will be a tragic mistake if Arab and Muslim leaders yet another time fall victim to the grand designs of their adversaries. 7. It has to be emphasized that Israel is in the possession of huge stockpiles of nuclear, chemical and biological arms which constitute the biggest threat to the security in the Middle East. Israel has violated all United Nations resolutions calling for the withdrawal from occupied territories in Palestine, Syria and Lebanon. The United Nations Organization has never even tried to enforce its resolutions related to Israeli occupation and has never applied economic sanctions on Israel. 8. This policy of double standards, victimizing the Arabs and Muslims in favour of US hegemonial interests, is threatenting to totally destroy the credibility of the United Nations as guarantor of world peace. The Secretary-General should understand this challenge to the integrity and survival of the organization and should act in a sovereign and courageous manner to achieve a diplomatic solution to the present crisis. 9. The reasonable proposals put forward by the League of Arab States and Russia, China and France, permanent members of the Security Council, should be followed up by the Secretary-General without further delay. The issue of arms inspections must not become the pretext for another devastating war which will destabilize the whole Middle East and Muslim world for a very long time and which will have serious repercussions on European and global security. END/IRAQ/UNITED STATES/15814c-is -- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- This is a discussion list run by Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq. To be removed/added, email firstname.lastname@example.org, NOT the whole list. Archived at http://linux.clare.cam.ac.uk/~saw27/casi/discuss.html