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[casi-analysis] International Conference - Humanitarian Law - Iraq, Afghanistan

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________________________________ ----- Original Message ----- From: Jan
myrdal To: Sent: Friday, February 11, 2005 2:17 PMSubject:
[FiB FORUM] Fw: International Conference on the humanitarian Law
Detta bör spridas!Jan Myrdal
Östra Björkviken 4
SE-739 91 Skinnskatteberg
tel: +46(0)223 510 12
fax: +46(0)223 510 07
International Conference on the Humanitarian Law
Paris 2005

Conference site :

ADIF : Association for the Defense of the International Humanitarian
Fundamental Laws

To members of our International Advisory Board

Many warm thanks for having kindly accepted to serve on the Advisory Board
of the coming conference « International Humanitarian Law and Impunity of
Powerful States - the case of the United States ».

We are all aware that the subject is too important to be treated through
mere polemics, and there is on the other hand urgency. In such conditions,
it was necessary to have a Board with high quality and diversity, and able
to treat all political, historical and juridic aspects of the violations of
the IHL with the adequate rigour.
We will be very grateful if you can take some time to give us your ideas and
suggestions on our initial presentation of the project, on main themes to be
treated, qualified personnalities to be contacted.
We hope this conference will allow a larger public to know the basic facts
of the IHL, to be aware of the necessity to defend it and to forcefully
protest against its violations. In this connection, some proposals should
come out from the conference. Here are for instance some possible domains in
which your advice may be useful:
i) the IHL and the reform of the United Nations ? (eg is it adequate to ask
that the IHL be included in the Chart of the UNO in a more precise way, or
should the IHL remain totally independent)
ii) iare there some ways through which the principle of universal
jurisdiction might be applied in a better way (in particular to leaders of
powerful States like the USA ?)
iii) should the conference adopt eg the declaration of the Mayor of
Hiroshima demanding the abolition of nuclear weapons (in his words 'a goal
not less important than the abolition of slavery") ? (We have sent him an
invitation to participate to our conference and present his ideas).
With warm thanks in advance for your help and best regards.

Nils Andersson and Daniel Iagolnitzer; conference presidents

Nils Andersson,
Daniel Iagolnitzer,
Post  : ADIF, 18, Rue des Lyonnais, F. 75005, Paris
Conference email ,

Annexe 1 : Initial presentation of the project

I) Introduction: IHL and impunity. Why the case of the United States?

II) IHL and the United States: the period 1945-2005, and in particular

€ Hiroshima-Nagasaki (60th anniversary): historical synopsis, attitude of
scientists. Was the use of the nuclear weapon justified ?

° Indochina, war crimes, massive use of the chemical weapon (agent orange)
and current demands for indemnization of the victims.

€ A different policy: the presidency of Carter

€ Recent wars: Irak, Afghanistan, ... Violations of IHL, report on civilian
victims in Irak published in łThe Lancet˛.

III) IHL, present and future.

€ Are the critics against IHL by the present US administration under cover
of łwar against terrorism˛ justified?

€ IHL and premptive war. IHL and new nuclear weapons.

€ IHL and the reform of the United-Nations.

IV) Conclusion: Is IHL in the best interest of everybody, including the
United States citizen? Are their current leaders responsible of violations
of IHL, and de jure liable for international courts?

Annexe II : Convention (IV) relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons
in Time of War. Geneva, 12 August 1949.

Article 146 The High Contracting Parties undertake to enact any legislation
necessary to provide effective penal sanctions for persons committing, or
ordering to be committed, any of the grave breaches of the present
Convention defined in the following Article.

Each High Contracting Party shall be under the obligation to search for
persons alleged to have committed, or to have ordered to be committed, such
grave breaches, and shall bring such persons, regardless of their
nationality, before its own courts. It may also, if it prefers, and in
accordance with the provisions of its own legislation, hand such persons
over for trial to another High Contracting Party concerned, provided such
High Contracting Party has made out a prima facie case.

International Advisory Board
February 8, 2005

Carlos Alvarez, Spain, poet, writer
Daniel Amit, Israël/Italy, physics professor
Giovanni Atarihuana, Equator, vice-president of the Supreme Electoral Court
Amy Bartholiomew, Canada, Law professor
Abraham Behar, France, ex vice-president of the Association of physicians
for prevention of nuclear war (IPPNV, Nobel Peace Prize)
Pascal Boniface, France, director of the Institute for de International and
Strategic Relations
Jean Bricmont, Belgium, physics professor
Robert Charvin, France, Law professor, honorary University president
Monique Chemillier-Gendreau, France, Law and political sciences professor
Cirano De Dominicis, France, physicist
Pierre de Senarclens, Switzerland, professor in international relations
Juan José del Aguila, Spain, magistrate
Christine Delphy, France, sociologue, director of the journal "Nouvelles
questions féministes"
Rudolf El Kareh, Lebanon, professor, journalist
Ayse Erzan, Turkey, physics professor
Porfirio Garcia Fernandez, Dominican Rep., president of the Santo Domingo
Autonomous University
Jacques Gaillot, France, bishop of Partenia
Roger Godement, France, mathematician
Carlos Hermida, Spain, history professor
Stephane Hessel, France, ambassador
Gustave Massiah, France, vice-president of Attac France, president of the
Center for Research and Information on development
Pierrre Klein, Belgium, International Law professor
Michael Mandel, Canada, International Law professor
Manuel Maria Mercedes Molina, Dominican Rep., president of the National
Commission for Human Rights
Jan Myrdal, Sweden, writer and essayist
Joaquin Navarron, Spain, magistrate
Pedro Arias Pimentel, Dominican Rep., coordinator of the american-spanish
committee for human rights of the Dominican order
Lenin Romero, Equator, vice-president of the Constitutional Tribunal
Kato Shuichi, Japan, philosoph, essayist
Alain Sokal, United-States, physics professor
Andrés Sorel, Spain, writer, secretary general of the Spanish Writers
Lucia Sosa, Equator, prefect
Gérard Toulouse, France, scientist
Dominique Tricaud, France, attorney, secretary for the french Helsinki
committee for human rights
Pierre Vidal-Naquet, France, historian

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