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[ This message has been sent to you via the CASI-analysis mailing list ] I've just been through the reports from the Iraqi and middle eastern press collated by the BBC news monitoring service over the past two months, and I've dug out a little more on water. This contains much more than we're getting reported in the US and UK. I think we can say pretty conclusively that: a) water went off in Tall Afar and Samarra during the recent attacks on them. [doesn't seem to be much on Fallujah yet, despite the Washington Post claiming the water was turned off there a couple of weeks ago] b) this is being discussed by Iraqi politicians, and is giving yet more ammunion to their complaints about coalition behaviour (this is useful in lobbying: most politicians want the coalition to be seen to be liked) The aspect I'm still uncertain about (though it seems the best explanation) is c) there is an intentional US policy of denying water to civilians as part of military action. Onto the press clippings. I've quoted large chunks, since the reports are interesting in themselves. Iraqi reports from Iraq tend to be more damning than 99% of what we get via the mainstream (and even the alternative) media here. For those short of time, I've highlighted key mentions of water with /**\ **** 08/10/2004 Iraqi TV reports on security situation in Samarra The US forces have besieged all the roads leading to the Al-Askari shrine in the city of Samarra after closing it down and arresting all workers there. Al-Sharqiyah's correspondent in Samara said that the US forces launched a large-scale campaign to defuse the explosive charges planted before the outbreak of clashes in the area of Al-Jubayriyah and the road leading to Al-Dulu'iyah subdistrict. He noted that the US forces in the city today deployed foot patrols in the areas of Al-Qadisiyah and Al-Armushiyah and searched houses in the area of Al-Amil. The correspondent saw the intensive deployment of the Iraqi police forces in the city, who were called from the districts surrounding Samarra and who set up control and inspection checkpoints. He said that loudspeakers were installed on US military Hummer vehicles to call on the Iraqi police forces in the city to report to their centres immediately. The correspondent said intensive efforts are being made by the technical teams that were brought from nearby areas to /**\ restore the power and water supply and repair the sewage networks in Samarra /**\. [Video of US army forces patrolling areas in the city] Source: Al-Sharqiyah, Baghdad, in Arabic 1300 gmt 8 Oct 04 ***** 04/10/2004 Iraqi Islamic Party condemns US operations in Samarra, Al-Fallujah, Sadr City The Iraqi Islamic Party has issued a statement condemning the crimes being committed by the US occupation forces in all Iraqi cities, including Samarra, Al-Fallujah and Al-Sadr City. The statement called on the Iraqi government to handle the security file fully and independently. Following is the text of the statement: A statement issued by the Iraqi Islamic Party on the recent events in Samarra: In the name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. "And soon will the unjust assailants know what vicissitudes their affairs will take!" [Koranic verse] The city of Samarra was exposed to a military operation carried out by the US troops in collaboration with the Iraqi military forces on Thursday [1 October]. This operation is but an episode in the series of the escalating military incursions into cities. The occupation forces have made our cities the direct target of this escalation, which they have adopted as an alternative to the peaceful solutions agreed on by representatives from Samarra and relevant official Iraqi sides. The US and Iraqi security forces advanced into the city; did not allow citizens to leave it; besieged the city, /**\ cut off water, electricity, and medical supplies /**\; and targeted people with heavy weapons, thus turning the densely-populated city into a battlefield where most of the victims were civilians. The recent adoption of the military solution in our cities - like Al-Sadr City in Baghdad, Al-Fallujah and Al-Najaf - will further aggravate and complicate the security situation. At the same time, we call on the Iraqi government to handle the security file fully and independently, resort to dialogue and absorb the various loyal Iraqi sides and forces. We call on the government seriously to seek peaceful solutions with these sides and parties, understand their demands, and not to bypass national and humanitarian considerations and the rights of citizens in all our valiant cities. The success of the political process and the achievement of the freedom and stability of citizens are principle demands that we all strive to meet throughout our country. At a time when we support efforts to preserve our people's lives and property, taking into account their humanitarian situation, we call on the Iraqi government to prevent the invading forces from committing new idiocies of this sort, to shoulder responsibility for such actions and to fully, fairly and swiftly compensate the victims of these tragic acts, far from governmental bureaucracy. We urge our Iraqi people and brothers to stand firmly and as one entity in the face of the enemy's conspiracies and to cling to Iraq's unity and security. It is God who grants success and leads people to the right path. Political Bureau of the Iraqi Islamic Party, on 19 Sha'ban 1425 AH, corresponding to 3 Oct 2004. Source: Dar al-Salam radio, Baghdad, in Arabic 1600 gmt 4 Oct 04 ****** 04/10/2004 Iraqi cleric Muqtada al-Sadr discusses elections, new "political plan" ... [Al-Nasiri] A few days ago, you launched an initiative, which you called the peace initiative in Iraq and you promised to explain the details of this initiative. What are the details of this initiative? [Al-Sadr] The peace initiative is for the Iraqi people first and foremost. For many years, the Iraqi people have experienced war, fighting and bloodshed without anyone speaking or saying a word. When an American was killed, the whole world made an outcry and we heard condemnation and statements. The blood of the Iraqi is shed in the street and yet it is as if he was not killed and as if nothing was done to him. Our cities are being bombed. Al-Fallujah is being bombed; Al-Sadr City is being bombed; Tall Afar is being bombed. Now, Samarra, the holy city, is being bombed. It is a holy city, just like Al-Najaf. But no-one has said anything and no-one has championed them. /**\ They say that this city is experiencing the worst humanitarian situations, without water and electricity /**\, but no-one speaks about this. If the wronged party were America, wouldn't the whole world come to its rescue and wouldn't it denounce this? This is very regrettable. I want a peace initiative that makes the Iraqi people move from war to peace, nothing more and nothing less and for it to get united after that. ... Source: Al-Manar Television, Beirut, in Arabic 1800 gmt 4 Oct 04 ***** 02/10/2004 Iraqi Sunni body denounces US attacks on Samarra, blames government ... [Zayyani - interrupting] Will the AMS conduct contacts with the interim Iraqi government to avoid the death of more innocent people, especially since the operation in Samarra is still under way? [Al-Kubaysi] Frankly, we hold the government responsible for failing to announce that the question was out of its hands. America wants to enhance its presence again in the land of Iraq as it did in the land of the Red Indians by rooting them out. We are not blaming the government only because of its a role in this operation. We want the government to publicly say that it has no sovereignty or authority. It must admit that it is on the margin. This is why we hold it responsible. We do not hold it responsible only because of its role. This is because no-one can believe that an Iraqi who is born from Iraqi parents or even belongs to Iraq can tolerate the current situation. The bodies are in the streets. A short while ago, the AMS representative, Shaykh Zayn Nahid, informed us that the bodies were in the streets and that children were being killed in parks. He said that /**\there was no water and that children were starving/**\. For the Americans, it is now a question of the opposition voices. America does not want any voices that reject its occupation of Iraq. America wants all the Iraqis to say: Welcome American, America is our friend, America is a liberator. Even the children who had a truce with the Americans in the beginning are now pelting them with stones. Those who trusted the Americans are resisting them now. Whenever an explosion occurs, the Iraqis now blame the Americans for it. The Iraqis no longer trust the Americans. It is not a question of military manifestations. It is now a question of popular rejection for the Americans, not for the military manifestations. All Iraqis are ready to go to the street to fight the Americans. [Zayyani] Thank you. Source: Al-Jazeera TV, Doha, in Arabic 1615 gmt 2 Oct 04 ***** 02/10/2004 Samarra police head says US imposed curfew on city's Iraqi police [Kurayshan] We have with us from Samarra Colonel Ra'd Zanzal, commander of the Samarra Police. Colonel Zanzal, how is the situation in the city now? [Zanzal] Regarding the security situation in the city of Samarra, on Thursday night [30 September], the city came under US attack. They entered the city from all sides after surrounding it, supported by US planes. They bombarded the city in a concentrated manner, which caused the martyrdom of dozens of people and the wounding of many others. Currently, the city is under siege and the US forces are deployed. A curfew has been imposed on the city. This even applies to the Iraqi police. /**\There is no electricity and no water/**\. Source: Al-Jazeera TV, Doha, in Arabic 1810 gmt 2 Oct 04 ***** 01/10/2004 Iraqi medical source says over 60 killed in Al-Samarra [Taha] Mus'ab, how would you describe the situation in Al-Samarra? [Al-Samarra'i] Following the fierce clashes that erupted last night and continued until 1300 [local time] today, the city is relatively calm now. Right now, the US forces are deployed atop the high government buildings that are under their control. The snipers use the buildings to monitor any movement made by gunmen or even civilians. Many civilian casualties, including children, were shot by those snipers. There are many dead and wounded people who cannot be reached by ambulances because of the snipers who open fire on anyone who moves near the positions of the US troops in the northern and southern parts of the city. [Taha, interrupting] Is the fighting still raging in the city? [Al-Samarra'i] Since this afternoon, a relatively limited and sporadic fighting has been taking place compared to the clashes which erupted yesterday. [Taha] Some reports spoke about a large number of residents leaving the city. How accurate are these reports? [Al-Samarra'i] Yes, the residents of the city have started leaving the city since the afternoon. Hundreds of families are trying to leave the city of Al-Samarra via the southern entrances. However, the US forces prevent all these families from leaving the city. /**\At the moment, the city is experiencing a crisis in which power and water are cut off /**\. The whole city is in a state of fear. A possible humanitarian crisis is feared to be looming ahead as a result of the bombardment. [Taha] Some reports said that more than 100 people were killed, while medical sources reported only 30 or 40 were killed. What is the actual death toll? [Al-Samarra'i] Regarding the death toll, a medical source told us that no more than 60 people were killed and 80 others wounded, including children and the elderly. [Taha] Mus'ab al-Samarra'i, Iraqi journalist in Al-Samarra, thank you. Source: Al-Jazeera TV, Doha, in Arabic 1505 gmt 1 Oct 04 ***** "Ninawa governor denies responsibility for cutting water" - headline inAl-Mada [Baghdad, daily, independent newspaper published by Al-Mada Media, Culture and Arts Corporation] 20 September. The full article isn't listed or translated. ***** [bear in mind that the following discusses lack of water in refugee camps, apparently not in Tall Afar itself. Compare the comments in the Washington Post, 18/09 by a US soldier: " "You had pregnant women and children, and we have all this food and water stockpiled. We could have easily gotten it to them." - http://www.washingtonpost.com/ac2/wp-dyn/A31377-2004Sep18?language printer] 14/09/2004 Refugees slam "indiscriminate" US bombing in Iraq's Tall Afar [Presenter] [Passage omitted] Over the past few days, the [northern] city of Tall Afar has witnessed military clashes and intensive bombing, which claimed the lives of scores of citizens and led to the displacement of many people from there areas. On the tragedy of Tall Afar, here is a report by our correspondent Ahmad Fathallah. [Fathallah] Children, women and old people live in the open to escape the hell of the US forces, who turned the district of Tall Afar into ruins. The residents stressed that the US forces shelled their houses indiscriminately and forced them to flee out of the district and reside in camps set up by humanitarian organizations and the residents of Mosul City. [Unidentified Iraqi man] I am a citizen from Tall Afar. One hour before the strike, they asked us to leave the city early because there would be strikes on specific targets. The bombing was indiscriminate. They said there could be artillery shelling from the airport. So the families left, and some of them are still on the roads. [Unidentified Iraqi woman] Where is the Iraqi government? Let them come and see people. There is no water, no electricity, no [appropriate] health conditions. They took us out of our homes and put us in tents, and so we became a spectacle for others. Let them see the tents. They took us out of our homes, and so we became a spectacle for others. Is this the US democracy? [Is this] the democracy of Bush? Where is the Iraqi government? Let them look at the health situation of people. Let them see the pictures. /**\There is no electricity, no water, no [appropriate] health conditions./**\ There is nothing. [Passage omitted] [Fathallah] These camps lack the minimum needs; namely, food, medical supplies and drinking water. A human disaster is likely to happen if the situation remains as it is now. [Unidentified Red Crescent employee] The camps lack water. There is a water shortage here. The number of families in each camp is around 150. Some of the houses are big in these areas, each of which received 14 to 15 families. Many charity and other national societies made donations to the Iraqi Red Crescent, which we distributed among the families. [Fathallah] Is there a spread of some diseases? [Red Crescent employee] There are diseases such as diarrhoea, which is caused by unhealthy water. It is likely that all diseases will spread if the camps continue to exist as such. [Fathallah] A year and a half after the US occupation of Iraq, the US Administration has proved that its promises of prosperity for Iraqis are not credible. The pictures of the refugee camps, the refugees, and the displaced are the best proof of that. This is Ahmad Fathallah reporting for Al-Diyar Channel from the refugee camps on the outskirts of Tall Afar District. [Video showing the camp, citizens speaking to a reporter.] Source: Al-Diyar TV, Baghdad, in Arabic 1530 gmt 14 Sep 04 ***** 15/09/2004 Campaign starts in Iraq's Tall Afar to recover bodies, remove rubble Civil Defence, health, and public services teams have begun a large-scale campaign in the city of Tall Afar in northwestern Iraq to recover dead bodies and remove the rubble left by the confrontations that the city has seen for the past five days. The displaced families began to return to the city gradually after the US troops had lifted their siege of the city yesterday, Tuesday, afternoon. The residents of the city whose houses were not demolished run the risk of being hurt by the bombs, missiles and bullets that did not explode, not to mention the piles of garbage and rubble and the absence of electrical power, communications services and fuel, as well as the dangers of contamination by the decomposed bodies trapped under the rubble, /**\unsterilized water/**\, and the scarcity of food supplies. The Iraqi Red Crescent Society had set up a makeshift camp outside the city consisting of 300 camps which lacked the necessary services. The attacks on Tall Afar, whose population is mostly Turkomans, provoked the Turkish government's anger. As a result, Turkish Foreign Minister Abdullah Gul threatened that his government will stop its cooperation with the United States if the latter does not halt its operations there. Gul added that his government will match its words with deeds if the attacks continue. Source: Al-Sharqiyah, Baghdad, in Arabic 1200 gmt 15 Sep 04 ***** ... [Al-Zaydi] On the other hand, humanitarian aid groups urged all international organizations and bodies to intervene rapidly to render necessary services to the people of Tall Afar who were forced by the US aircraft to leave their houses and move to adjacent villages. [Tariq Tariq, aid worker] We call for providing the people of Tall Afar with assistance by whoever, be they our people and officials in Mosul or others, or anyone who can help. /**\The main problem facing the people of Tall Afar and adjacent areas is shortage of water. /**\ There are efforts by the humanitarian organizations and the Muslim Ulema Council in Mosul to deliver foodstuffs to them. But these humble and simple efforts cannot meet the requirements of thousands of displaced people. ... Source: Al-Manar Television, Beirut, in Arabic 0440 gmt 14 Sep 04 ***** 12/09/2004 Iraqi Turkoman Front says some 250,000 "displaced" from north Iraq's Tall Afar Faruq Abdallah Abd-al-Rahman, leader of the Iraqi Turkoman Front [ITC], told the TRT team in Baghdad of his views on the developments in Tall Afar and on the planned census. [Abd-al-Rahman] At the moment, Tall Afar is completely surrounded. Entries and exits are banned. /**\ The water shortage is very serious. There is no electricity /**\. At least 250,000 of the 300,000 people are now displaced in the desert and villages between Tall Afar and Mosul. For a census to be held, the general situation should be stable. I do not think that a census and later, elections, can be properly held in an unstable situation. Therefore, the ITC and the Turkomans believe that the census and the elections should be held under international observation. These things should not be done in haste because later they lead to problems. Source: TRT 2 television, Ankara, in Turkish 1600 gmt 12 Sep 04 ***** And I'd like to sneak in a quick snippet on the water situation elsewhere: 04/10/2004 Baghdad official reports hepatitis epidemic, warns of cholera spread The director of the department of epidemic diseases in Al-Rassafah branch at Baghdad health department, Dr Muhammad Khawif, has warned of the spread of epidemic diseases, especially hepatitis, because of the drinking water in some areas [in Baghdad] such as Al-Thawarah [Al-Sadr City], Al-Kamaliyah and Al-Ubaydi. The source added that the infection rate among citizens stood at 40 per cent, due to broken water pipelines and the use of water pumps pumping sewage water. He added that the most common symptoms of the disease were fever, anaemia, paleness that could lead to death, the rate of which stood at 20 per cent, particularly among pregnant women. In his exclusive statement to Al-Ta'akhi, Dr Muhammad Khawif warned of the spread of cholera in those areas. Source: Al-Ta'akhi, Baghdad in Arabic 4 Oct 04 ------------ Daniel O'Huiginn email@example.com 07745 192426 24, Priory Road, Cambridge ------------ _______________________________________ Sent via the CASI-analysis mailing list To unsubscribe, visit http://lists.casi.org.uk/mailman/listinfo/casi-analysis All postings are archived on CASI's website at http://www.casi.org.uk