The following is an archived copy of a message sent to the CASI Analysis List run by Cambridge Solidarity with Iraq.

Views expressed in this archived message are those of the author, not of Cambridge Solidarity with Iraq (CASI).

[Main archive index/search] [List information] [CASI Homepage]

[Date Prev][Date Next][Thread Prev][Thread Next][Date Index][Thread Index]

[casi-analysis] casi-news digest, Vol 1 #102 - 5 msgs

[ This message has been sent to you via the CASI-analysis mailing list ]

This is an automated compilation of submissions to

Articles for inclusion in this daily news mailing should be sent to 
Please include a full reference to the source of the article.

Today's Topics:

   1. Iraqi people shouldn't pay Saddam's bills (ppg)
   2. Allawi Spends To Win Influence In Washington (ppg)
   3. Exiled Allawi was responsible for 45-minute WMD claim (bluepilgrim)
   4. U.S. Forced Allawi On U.N., Iraqis: NY Times (bluepilgrim)
   5. Allawi: Ex-Baathist exile turned PM (bluepilgrim)


Message: 1
From: "ppg" <>
To: <>
Subject:  Iraqi people shouldn't pay Saddam's bills
Date: Sat, 29 May 2004 08:27:03 -0400

Saddam=92s Debts
(latest estimates)

Debts Today | Reparations | Origins of Debt | Odious Debt

Even G7 finance ministers differ over the level of Saddam's debts. The tabl=
below gives various estimates of the loans. It is being updated daily with
the latest reports of debt values.


Message: 2
From: "ppg" <>
To: <>
Subject: Allawi Spends To Win Influence In Washington
Date: Sat, 29 May 2004 08:34:51 -0400

24 Jan 2004    Dow Jones Newswire
Council Member Spends To Win Influence In Washington

WASHINGTON (AP)--A member of Iraq's interim council with long ties to the
CIA is undertaking an expensive, carefully crafted strategy to spread his
views to influential Americans, an example of how those seeking power in
Iraq continue to curry favor in the U.S.

In his years in exile from Iraq, Iyad Allawi was a little-known favorite of
CIA officers who were wary of dealing with the flashier, better known exile
leader Ahmad Chalabi. Now a member of the U.S.-appointed interim council
with a key security position, Allawi has paid prominent Washington lobbyists
and New York publicists more than $300,000 in recent months to help him
contact policy-makers and journalists.

According to papers filed with the Justice Department, all the money comes
from a U.K. citizen, Mashal Nawab, described as Allawi's close friend and

An Allawi consultant, Nick Theros, said Allawi recognizes the importance of
conveying his message to U.S. leaders while the U.S. remains the occupying
power in Iraq. Iraqis also pay close attention to what is being said about
their country in the U.S., he said.

"It's not enough to just work behind closed doors in Baghdad," he said.

The U.S. plans to turn over political power to Iraqis by July 1. But before
then, U.S. officials will appoint many of the people who, in regional
caucuses this May, will help choose a transitional legislature. That
legislature will name a provisional government. The U.S. has said it might
alter the process somewhat, under pressure from other Iraqis demanding
direct elections.

Some analysts have suggested that Allawi's publicity and lobbying campaign
might have been encouraged as a counterweight to Chalabi's influence. But
Theros said, "There is no official support of any sort, not in any areas of
the U.S. government."

Allawi is a neurologist and businessman who, while living in London in 1978,
survived an assassination attempt believed to have been ordered by Saddam.
He founded the Iraqi National Accord opposition group with a number of
former Iraqi military officers.

The group advocated a coup against Saddam. An attempt failed in 1996, but
Allawi, with his connections to Iraq's military and intelligence and to
Saddam's Baathist party, continued to have strong support within the State
Department, CIA and the U.K.'s MI-6 intelligence service.

Allawi "had a much better track record for being forthcoming, upright.
Allawi was somebody who made a lot more sense than Chalabi," his longtime
rival, said Robert Baer, a former CIA operations officer. Chalabi had been
convicted of fraud in absentia in Jordan in 1992.

But Laura Mylroie, a critic of the CIA's handling of Iraq, said, "I think
that confidence was entirely misplaced." Mylroie, author of "Bush vs the
Beltway," blamed Allawi for what she said was faulty intelligence that
endangered U.S. troops at the end of the 1990 Gulf War.

Allawi, like Chalabi, was appointed by the U.S. to the Governing Council. He
heads the council's Supreme Security Committee.

Late in October, when Allawi held the council's rotating presidency, three
U.S. firms that had done work for him submitted their reports to the Justice
Department's Foreign Agent Registration. They were:

-Brown Lloyd James Ltd, a New York-based public relations firm, $12,000 a

-The Washington law office of Preston Gates Ellis & Rouvelas Meeds LLP,
lobbying at $100,000 a month. Theros said that after two months that was
changed to an hourly rate that should result in $50,000 monthly payments.

-Theros & Theros LLP, the consulting business of Theros and his father,
Patrick, a former ambassador, $10,000 a month.

Theros, whose firm hired the other two, said the money spent by Allawi was
"the going rate here in Washington."

"It doesn't really happen for less," he said.

Theros, whose firm hired the other two, said the money spent by Allawi was
"the going rate here in Washington."

"It doesn't really happen for less," he said.

No other governing council member has reported spending nearly as much over
the last year, according to filings with the Foreign Agent Registration
Unit. The only recent filing related to Chalabi's Iraqi National Congress
was by a Washington law firm, Shea & Gardner, that reported receiving
$52,000 over six months for services for the affiliated Iraqi National
Congress Support Foundation.

Another firm, Burson-Marsteller, has provided services to the foundation
under a State Department contract and didn't file with the Justice unit.

Since October, Allawi has had a somewhat higher public profile. On Dec. 28,
he had an op-ed column published in the Washington Post opposing the purging
of members of Saddam's Baath party from government positions. Chalabi has
advocated such a policy.

Allawi received worldwide attention the next day when two London-based Arab
newspapers quoted him as saying that Saddam had acknowledged depositing
billions of dollars abroad and had given interrogators the names of people
who knew where the money was.

But Chalabi continues to have a much higher profile in Washington, most
recently attending the State of the Union address as a guest in the box of
first lady Laura Bush, along with three other Iraqi officials. During
Chalabi's exile years, he, too, worked the Washington establishment to gain
influence at the Pentagon and White House.

Baer said Allawi probably learned from his rival's successes that he needed
lobbyists and publicists to try to influence the U.S. policies that would
set the course for Iraq's future.

(END) Dow Jones Newswires


Message: 3
Date: Sun, 30 May 2004 00:00:27 -0500
To: (Recipient list suppressed)
From: bluepilgrim <>
Subject: Exiled Allawi was responsible for 45-minute WMD claim

Exiled Allawi was responsible for 45-minute WMD claim

By Patrick Cockburn

29 May 2004

The choice of Iyad Allawi, closely linked to the CIA and formerly to MI6,
as the Prime Minister of Iraq from 30 June will make it difficult for the
US and Britain to persuade the rest of the world that he is capable of
leading an independent government.

He is the person through whom the controversial claim was channelled that
Iraqi weapons of mass destruction could be operational in 45 minutes.

Dr Allawi, aged 59, who trained as a neurologist, is a Shia Muslim who was
a member of Saddam Hussein's Baath party in Iraq and in Britain, where he
was a student leader with links to Iraqi intelligence. He later moved into
opposition to the Iraqi leader and reportedly established a connection with
the British security services. His change of allegiance led to Dr Allawi
being targeted by Iraqi intelligence. In 1978 their agents armed with
knives and axes badly wounded him when they attacked him as he lay asleep
in bed in his house in Kingston-upon-Thames.

Dr Allawi became a businessman with contacts in Saudi Arabia. He was
charming, intelligent and had a gift for impressing Western intelligence
agencies. After the 1991 Gulf War, the Iraq National Accord (INA) party,
which he helped to found, became one of the building blocks for the Iraqi
opposition in exile. The organisation attracted former Iraqi army officers
and Baath party officials, particularly Sunni Arabs, fleeing Iraq.

In the mid-1990s the INA claimed to have extensive contacts in the Iraqi
officer corps. Dr Allawi began to move from the orbit of MI6 to the CIA. He
persuaded his new masters that he was in a position to organise a military
coup in Baghdad.

With American, British and Saudi support, he opened a headquarters and a
radio station in Amman in Jordan in 1996, declaring it was "a historic
moment for the Iraqi opposition". After a failed coup attempt that year
there were mass arrests in Baghdad. Abdul-Karim al-Kabariti, the Jordanian
prime minister of the day, said that INA's networks were "all penetrated by
the Iraqi security services".

Dr Allawi and the INA returned to Iraq after the fall of Saddam and set up
offices in Baghdad and in old Baath party offices throughout Iraq.

There were few signs that they had any popular support. During an uprising
in the town of Baiji, north of Baghdad, last year, crowds immediately set
fire to the INA office.

Dr Allawi was head of the security committee of the Iraqi Governing Council
and was opposed to the dissolution of the army by Paul Bremer, the US
viceroy in Iraq. He stepped down in protest as head of the committee during
the US assault on Fallujah. But his reputation among Iraqis for working
first with Saddam's intelligence agents and then with MI6 and the CIA may
make it impossible for them to accept him as leader of an independent Iraq.


Message: 4
Date: Sun, 30 May 2004 00:03:10 -0500
To: (Recipient list suppressed)
From: bluepilgrim <>
Subject: U.S. Forced Allawi On U.N., Iraqis: NY Times

U.S. Forced Allawi On U.N., Iraqis: NY Times

[photo of Brahimi]
Brahimi is said to have been taken off-guard by Allawi=92s nomination (AFP)

WASHINGTON , May 29 ( & News Agencies) =96 The choice of Iya=
Allawi as the prime minister of the upcoming Iraqi provisional government
was forced by the United States as a fait accompli on the United Nations
and the Iraqi people, a mass-circulation U.S. paper said Saturday, May 29.

"The United States ended up Friday with a choice for prime minister certain
to be seen more as an American candidate than one of the United Nations or
the Iraqis themselves," The New York Times said.

A senior State Department official told the daily, on condition of
anonymity, that the U.S.-handpicked Iraqi body had merely
the U.S. selection in order to make it seem that the council had the final

The Times said Allawi=92s choice and his close ties with the United States
came "in a country where public opinion has grown almost universally
hostile to the Americans".

Allawi is the secretary general of the Iraqi National Accord, an exile
group that has received funds from the Central Intelligence Agency (C.I.A.)
to topple former Iraqi president Saddam Hussein.

The 25-member body opened last July
inaugural session by declaring April 9, the day U.S.-led forces rolled into
Baghdad , a national holiday.

A rotating president of the U.S.-appointed council
assassinated on May 17 in a car-bomb attack on his convoy west of Baghdad .

In September 2003, Akila Al-Hashimi, a woman member of the council, was
and died later of her wounds.

Washington confirmed Friday that Allawi, a Shiite, would be Iraq 's prime
minister in the interim government.

"He will be the prime minister when the interim government is set up in the
next two or three days," a senior Bush administration official said.

"We thought he would be an excellent prime minister. ... I think that this
is going to work."

Surprised U.N.

But the nomination of Allawi took the U.N. off-guard with conflicting
statements that reflected the state of perplexity.

"When we first heard the news today, we thought that the Iraqi Governing
Council had hijacked the process," a senior U.N. official told The Times.

In his initial statements, U.N. special envoy to Iraq Lakhdar Brahimi
refused to discuss the selection of Allawi.

"I don't want to go back saying who is good and who is bad," he said.

But in a hint that the selection process had not gone exactly as planned,
Brahimi added: "You know, sometimes people think I am a free agent out
here, that I have a free hand to do whatever I want."

U.N. officials said any misgivings that Brahimi had about Allawi were all
about his past association with the C.I.A. and how it will play with the
Iraqi public opinion.

Furthermore, statements from the U.N. Confirmed the idea that Brahimi was
merely bowing to the wishes of the others.

"Mr. Brahimi respects the decision and says he can work with this person,"
said Fred Eckhard, the spokesman for U.N. Secretary General Kofi Annan.

"This is not the way we expected this to happen, no, but the Iraqis seem to
agree on this name, and if they do, Mr. Brahimi is ready to work with him,"
he said.

Asked what Annan's view was, his spokesman said: "The secretary general
respects the decision, as I said Mr. Brahimi does. `Respect' is a very
carefully chosen word."

Finally, Eckhard's office released another statement saying there should be
"no misunderstanding" over the U.N. envoy's support for the premier-designa=

"Mr. Brahimi is perfectly comfortable with how the process is proceeding
thus far," the statement said.

The U.N. reactions reflected that the world body is wary of appearing
toeing the U.S. line.

The U.N. Security Council, which this week began negotiating a new
U.S.-U.K. draft resolution for post-transition Iraq, expected that Brahimi
would make public the names of the new Iraqi government as a group, not in
the individual manner that Allawi's name emerged Friday, The Times said.

But council member Mahmmoud Othman tried to play down the surprising
nomination of Allawi.

"We first had a meeting of the Governing Council during which we chose
Allawi and then we had another one with Brahimi and ( U.S. overseer Paul)
Bremer who agreed," he told Agence France -Presse (AFP) Saturday, May 29.

"It will be the same process for the appointment of the cabinet, we cannot
go forward without all three parties coming to an agreement," he added.

Othman said he hoped the final line-up of the new government would be
decided by Sunday, May 30, at the latest and that current Governing Council
chairman Ghazi Al-Yawar was favored to take the post of president.


Message: 5
Date: Sun, 30 May 2004 00:17:22 -0500
To: (Recipient list suppressed)
From: bluepilgrim <>
Subject: Allawi: Ex-Baathist exile turned PM

Allawi: Ex-Baathist exile turned PM
By Odai Sirri and Firas al-Atraqchi
Saturday 29 May 2004, 19:22 Makka Time, 16:22 GMT

[photo of Allawi]
An ex-Baathist, Allawi lived in exile for over 30 years

Once a close aide to Saddam Hussein but now a favourite of the CIA, Iyad
Allawi has become the new power broker in Iraq =96 with some other powerful
backers hoping to keep him there.

Named as Prime Minister designate by the US-appointed Iraqi Governing
Council on Friday, Allawi has been quietly pushing his way through
Washington's political backdoors, gaining much influence along the way.

It is an achievement that took many months and a lot of financial backing
to secure.

In Janurary, the Associated Press (AP) reported Allawi had been paying
prominent Washington lobbyists and New York publicists more than $300,000
to help him contact policy-makers and journalists.

According to papers filed with the Justice Department, all the money had
come from UK citizen Mishal Nawab, described as Allawi's close friend and

'Importance of lobbying'

Nick Theros, an advisor to Allawi, told AP in January Allawi recognised the
importance of conveying his message to US leaders, especially while they
remain the occupying power in Iraq.

"It's not enough to just work behind closed doors in Baghdad," he said.
Theros described the money spent by Allawi for lobbyists as, "the gowing
rate here in Washington=94.

"Iraqis are asking who is Allawi, and is he just another one of these keen
exiles coming back to Iraq for his own interests?"
Dr Fawaz Girgis, Professor,
Sarah Lawrence College

"It doesn't really happen for less," he said.

Some analysts argued Allawi's publicity and lobbying campaign might have
been encouraged as a counterweight to the now disgraced Ahmad Chalabi.

But Theros rejected those suggestions. "There is no official support of any
sort, not in any areas of the US government," he added.

Nevertheless, there are striking similarities in how Chalabi and Allawi
both paid vast sums of money to lobbyists and publicists in Washington.

Like Chalabi, Allawi too was appointed to the Governing Council. He has
been responsible for overseeing the council's security committee.

Despite the similarities, however, Allawi and Chalabi differed on a number
of issues - namely the de-Baathification programme. Allawi became more
vocal with his criticism of Washington's purging of Baathists from
positions in an editorial in the Washington Post last December.

A former Baathist

Born in 1945 to a prominent Shia family, Allawi trained as a neurologist
and joined the Baath Party in the 1961. But he went into exile after a
falling out with Saddam Hussein in the early 1970s.

[photo of Allawi]
He survived an attempt on his
life while in London in 1978

In 1978, Allawi survived an attempt on his life in London. The attack was
believed to have been ordered by Saddam Hussein, but no evidence has
emerged to support this claim.

He formed the Iraqi National Accord (INA) in 1991 with the backing of the
CIA and the UK's MI6. The party became known for attracting disillusioned
former Baathists who wanted to orchestrate a coup from within the Iraqi arm=

But the INA will likely be most remembered in Britain for passing on to MI6
a report from an Iraqi officer who made the now-infamous claim that Saddam
could launch weapons of mass destruction within 45 minutes.

The London-based The Times quoted an Allawi spokesperson in New York who
asserted in January 2004 that the 45-minute claim was essentially a "crock
of s**t" indicating that the claim was indeed defunct and baseless.

Credibility problem

Allawi's credibility may continue to be an issue, say analysts, as Iraqis
have become weary of exiles who are jockeying for power in the new Iraq.

"The big question is how do Iraqis see Allawi?" says Dr Fawaz Girgis, a
political science professor at Sarah Lawrence University and senior analyst
with ABC News.

"Iraqis are asking who is Allawi, and is he just another one of these keen
exiles coming back to Iraq for his own interests?" Girgis told

"The appointment of Iyad Allawi is a continuation of US plans to appoint
only those connected to the US strategy in Iraq"
Mustafa Bakri, Editor,
Al-Osboa newspaper

Mustafa Bakri, editor of al-Osboa newspaper (The Week) was more critical of
Allawi's appointment and the Iraqi's ties with the CIA.

"This is not a transfer of sovereignty, but a change in the faces chosen by
Paul Bremer. The Iraqi people are more than capable of resisting this
agenda," he said.

Bakri told Allawi's appointment would further marginalise
Iraqi voices within the country and lead to more frustration and anger,
thereby making the resistance, "a legitimate alternative."

'Good qualities'

But Leith Kuba, an independent Iraqi politician residing in Washington DC
downplayed Allawi's strong links to the CIA and praised what he called,
"Allawi's good qualities."

"His links with the CIA could have been a critical factor for Iraqis 10
years ago, but not anymore," Kuba told in a telephone intervi=

"He does not have an ethnic or dividing agenda. Allawi has long had a
nationalistic Iraqi agenda, and the country is in need of his agenda," he
[photo of Chalibi]
Ahmad Chalabi disagreed with
Allawi on de-Baathification

If Allawi is to succeed, however, he will have to find ways to appease the
varying political forces in Iraq, not to mention the relentless criticism
levelled against him from diverse groups of Iraqis.

Dr Haifa al-Azawi, a California-based gyneacologist and US citizen who went
to school with Allawi, wrote a column on 12 February in the London-based
al-Arab newspaper in which she questioned Allawi's moral authority as an
Iraqi leader.

"The Baath party union leader, who carried a gun on his belt and frequently
brandished it terrorising the medical students, was a poor student and
chose to spend his time standing in the school courtyard or chasing female
students to their homes," she wrote.

According to al-Azawi, while in England studying, Allawi " spent his time
dealing with assassins, doing the dirty work for the Iraqi government,
until his time was up and he became their target."

But scepticism over Allawi permeates throughout the Arab world as much of
the public feels that he has been handpicked to lead Iraq, according to
Washington's rules.

"The appointment of Iyad Allawi is a continuation of US plans to appoint
only those connected to the US strategy in Iraq," said al-Osboa's Bakri.

"This reveals the untruths of what the Bush administration says about
wanting to implement full democracy in Iraq," Bakri added.

End of casi-news Digest

Sent via the CASI-analysis mailing list
To unsubscribe, visit
All postings are archived on CASI's website at

[Campaign Against Sanctions on Iraq Homepage]