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[casi-analysis] casi-news digest, Vol 1 #74 - 3 msgs

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Today's Topics:

   1. Baghdad vulnerability survey (Nicholas Gilby)
   2. Stumbling blocks for new UN resolution on Iraq (k hanly)
   3. Iraq adopts a new flag (k hanly)


Message: 1
Subject: Baghdad vulnerability survey
Date: Mon, 26 Apr 2004 16:13:47 +0100
From: "Nicholas Gilby" <>
To: <>

Life 'worse' for many of Iraq's poor, survey reveals
Christian Aid

Christian Aid - UK


The quality of life for Iraq's poor has deteriorated since the defeat of
Saddam regime, according to a new survey commissioned by Christian Aid.

The Baghdad Vulnerability Survey concludes:

'Poor Iraqis suffered enormously under Saddam Hussein's regime, yet the
present stage of reconstruction is in some ways even more difficult.
the Saddam years, the war was at the front line; now it has moved into
own streets.'

Christian Aid partner, the Iraqi Kurdish NGO Network, interviewed around

1,000 families in eight of Baghdad's poorest, predominantly Shia
neighbourhoods. It is one of the first ever large-scale surveys of the
living conditions of poor Iraqis.

'Before the fall of Saddam Hussein, the whole of Iraqi society suffered
years of war and sanctions, but its poorest people were hit particularly

severely,' said Christian Aid Middle East expert, Sue Turrel.

'In Baghdad, the Shia south was systematically deprived of services and
investment as a way of suppressing local resistance to Saddam Hussein's

The survey looks at all aspects of the lives of families who depend on
outside help - such as food handouts or cash donations from friends or
relatives. It particularly looks at the situation of women and children.
The results present a stark picture of miserable living conditions - now

greatly exacerbated by insecurity, crime, economic uncertainty,
unemployment, inadequate public services and poor housing.
Mass redundancy and rising living costs mean more than half the families

surveyed need financial help to survive. Families prioritised clothing,
transport, health and education needs as most urgent.

Children's education is being severely disrupted. Almost two-thirds of
school-age children in the families surveyed were not attending school

The reasons given included poor standards of education, dilapidated
buildings and children forced to work to boost family income.
Poor water supply affects most of the families interviewed, many of
now have no functioning sewerage system. Years of neglect left many
supplies contaminated with sewage.

Most families surveyed live in just one or two rooms and many homes
basic facilities such as water, sanitation and ventilation.

'This increasing deprivation is likely to feed discontent and insecurity
increase the appeal of radical ideologies', said Ms Turrel.
'Decent provision for Iraq's poor is crucial to the country's security
to reconstruction.'

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Message: 2
From: "k hanly" <>
To: "newsclippings" <>
Subject: Stumbling blocks for new UN resolution on Iraq
Date: Mon, 26 Apr 2004 10:48:10 -0500

Move to endorse Iraq plan could fail over troops
By Robin Wright and Colum Lynch in Washington
April 27, 2004

The Bush Administration is preparing a resolution for the United Nations to
endorse its plan to transfer power in Iraq, but a proposal that guarantees
legal protection for foreign troops may face a tough time. Letting the US
make the final judgements on Saddam Hussein's weapons programs also faces

The range of powers to be handed to an Iraqi provisional government on June
30 could also trigger debate, UN and US officials said. Security Council
envoys are concerned that the resolution will give only partial sovereignty
to Iraq, leaving ultimate power in the hands of the US and its allies.

Russia, China, Pakistan and other council members insist that the transfer
of power mark a real end to US control and that the UN be given wider
powers - more than the UN appears prepared to assume.

"The main thing is to give back the central role to the United Nations,"
said China's UN ambassador, Wang Guangya. "The occupation ends on June 30,
but . . . there will still be a continuation of foreign occupation."

One goal of the resolution is to rally international support behind the new
provisional government, which is still being negotiated by US and UN
officials, as well as ease international friction over the US-led invasion.

"We are working on such a resolution, and I'm confident we'll be able to
obtain such a resolution," the US Secretary of State, Colin Powell, said.

Once the shape of the interim government is settled, negotiations will begin
on a resolution. US officials say they have identified the main provisions -
and three stumbling blocks. The first involves the legal authority of US-led
foreign forces to continue operations in Iraq.

The US and Britain say foreign forces were given legal cover by a previous
UN resolution, but their allies are pressing for further UN approval to
assuage domestic public opinion. So the US intends to seek UN approval for a
multinational force in Iraq.

The second issue is embracing a new Iraqi provisional government and the
18-month transition that will include writing a new constitution and at
least two elections. The UN envoy, Lakhdar Brahimi, has been holding talks
about a caretaker government until elections in January 2005.

US officials have said the transitional government would have limited
powers, with no authority to write laws and no control over US military
forces still in Iraq.

The third issue is deciding whether UN or US teams will write the final
report on Iraq's weaponry. The US wants a resolution that lets its Iraq
survey group draw final conclusions about Saddam's military capabilities.
But Russia's acting UN ambassador, Gennady Gatilov, said this should be left
to the UN Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission.

The US State Department is pushing for a resolution to pass within about
three weeks, a second US official said.

Meanwhile, US forces entered Najaf to protect Spanish troops as they prepare
to withdraw. The operation was not an offensive, a US military spokesman
said, with most US troops awaiting orders to enter the city where radical
cleric Moqtada al-Sadr and his militia remain.

Also, Britain is talking with coalition partners about its response to the
withdrawal of Spanish troops from Iraq. Media reports suggested that up to
2000 more British troops could be sent.

Two US soldiers killed in Baghdad blast

An explosion levelled part of a building as US troops were searching it for
suspicious chemicals today, killing two US soldiers and wounding five
others, the military said.

A mob of Iraqis looted Humvees wrecked in the blast, making off with weapons
and equipment.

The troops raided the building based on information it might have
"suspicious chemicals," Brig. General Mark Kimmitt told reporters.

AP, The Washington Post, The New York Times, Los Angeles Times, Reuters


Message: 3
From: "k hanly" <>
To: "newsclippings" <>
Subject: Iraq adopts a new flag
Date: Mon, 26 Apr 2004 11:30:58 -0500

BAGHDAD: Iraq's Governing Council has adopted a new national flag to replace
the one flown by Saddam Hussein, with emblems to represent peace, Islam and
Iraq's Kurdish population, spokesman Hamid al-Kefaae said today.

The new flag consists of a pale blue crescent on a white background and has
a yellow strip between two lines of blue at the bottom. It will be raised
over government buildings within days, he said.

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